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Title: Konsep dan Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Manajemen


1
Konsep dan Pengembangan Sistem Informasi
Manajemen
edi_at_eepis-its.edu
2
1. Introduction my Profile
Riwayat Hidup 1. Nama Edi Satriyanto
Tmp Lahir Sidoarjo Alamat Jl.Merpati
40 AB Betro Sedati Juanda
61253 No.Tlp 031-8683451 No.Hp
08123037230 Email
edi_at_eepis-its.edu Status Menikah
Jml Anak Tiga 2. Staf Pengajar PENS
1995-sekarang 3. Pendidikan S1 Statistika
Bidang Komputasi S2 Matematika Bidang
Pemodelan Komputasi 4. Sertifikasi Instruktur
Cisco(CCNA1-4) ITB Database
Oracle 10g dari Oracle 5. Jabatan di PENS
Kabid.Kemitraan dan Bisnis 6. Team pendiri
software house elista PENS 1999-skrg
- Thn 1999 Manager Proyek Sistem Rumah Sakit
Terpadu(RSI) - Thn 2001 Team Sistem analis
Eepis Informasi System - Thn 2002 Manager
Proyek SIM Rmh akit Subandi Jember - Thn 2003
Manager Proyek SIM Bapedal Jatim - Thn
2004-Skrg Team pembina Software House Elista
- Thn 2005 Manager Proyek Pembangunan BLPT
Bondowoso 7. Kegiatan Komunitas -
Koordinator Community College IT se Jawa
Timur(2001-Skrg) - Koordinator Pengembangan
Sistem Pendidikan Jarak Jauh PENS
(2006-Skrang)
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IT Barokah or Musibah
4
What is your Target ????
5
Knowledge Era
  • Attribute Nomadic Agrarian Mercantile I
    ndustry Knowledge
  • Technology Hunting Manual Farm
    Sailing Machines Computer
  • Tool Equipment Ship
  • Energy Source Fire Animals Wind
    Fossil The Mind Fuel
  • Basis of Hunting Farm Land
    Sailing Land, Labor Information
  • Wealth Ability of Ship Capital Tribe
  • Market Person to Village, Town Shopping
    Cyber
  • Place Person Square Store Mall Space
  • Organization Tribe Feudalism
    Trading Hierarchical Networks
  • House Cooperation

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Evolution ?
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1).Information Technology Domain
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The Balanced of Resources has Changed
Materials
Four Ms Plus
Machines
Money
Men
Information
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Why Information ?
Intelligence
INTELLIGENT MANAGER
wisdom
Knowledge
experience
Information
context
Data
procedure
Business Facts
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Teknologi Informasi(TI) dan Sistem Informasi(SI)
  • TI
  • - Bentuk teknologi untuk menangani informasi yang
    di inginkan.
  • SI
  • - Integrasi komponen pemrosesan , penyimpanan dan
    diseminasi informasi dalam suatu organisasi.
  • - STudi interdisiplin suatu sistem untuk
    menyediakan informasi pada suatu organisasi.

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Data dan Informasi
  • Data
  • Aliran fakta dasar)
  • Informasi
  • - Interpretasi data yang disajikan dengan cara
    yang berarti.
  • Informatika
  • Studi tetantang informasi, sistem informasi dan
    teknologi informasi.

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  • SEKILAS TENTANG ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING
  • ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) menyediakan
    informasi tunggal untuk satu kesatuan koordinasi
    organisasi dari proses kunci bisnis di suatu
    perusahaan. Tersedianya data yang lengkap dan
    terintegrasi antara unit fabrikasi, akuntansi,
    SDM, penjualan dan keuangan memudahkan manajemen
    perusahaan untuk melakukan perencanaan terhadap
    semua sumber daya dengan cepat dan akurat.

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  • Modul-modul yang terdapat pada SI Enterprise
    Resource Planning antara lain
  • Modul Operasi
  • General Logistics
  • Sales and Distribution
  • Materials Management
  • Logistics Execution
  • Quality Management
  • Plant Maintenance
  • Customer Service
  • Production Planning and Control / Supply Chain
    Management (SCM)
  • Project System
  • Environment Management

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  • Modul-modul yang terdapat pada SI Enterprise
    Resource Planning antara lain
  • Modul Finansial dan Akutansi
  • General Accounting
  • Financial Accounting
  • Controlling
  • Invesment Management
  • Treasury
  • Enterprise Controlling
  • Modul Sumber Daya Manusia
  • Personnel Management
  • Personnel Time Management
  • Payroll
  • Training and Event Management
  • Organizational Management
  • Travel Management

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Skema Integrasi sistem ERP
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  • ARSITEKTUR SISTEM ERP

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  • Keunggulan SI Enterprise Resource Planning antara
    lain
  • Integrasi data keuangan sehingga top manajemen
    bisa melihat dan mengontrok kinerja keuangan
    perusahaan dengan lebih baik.
  • Standarisasi proses operasi sehingga terjadi
    peningkatan produktivitas, penurunan inefisiensi
    dan peningkatan kualitas produk.
  • Standarisasi data dan informasi, yaitu
    menstandartkan data dan informasi melalui
    keseragaman pelaporan, terutama untuk perusahaan
    besar yang biasanya terdiri dari banyak bussines
    unit dengan jumah dan jenis bisnis yang
    berbeda-beda.
  • Penurunan Inventory
  • Penurunan tenaga kerja secara total
  • Peningkatan service level
  • Peningkatan kontrol keuangan
  • Penurunan waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk mendapatkan
    informasi.
  • Back Up data secara manual maupun otomatis

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Information Management
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The Three Domains IS, IT and IM
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Role of Information Technology
Intelligence
INTELLIGENT MANAGER
wisdom
Knowledge
EXECUTIVES
experience
Information
1. Help Creating the Intelligence
LINE MANAGER
2. Help Empowering the People
context
Data
SUPERVISOR
procedure
Business Facts
STAFF
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Information Technology Anatomy
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ITs that Build Information System
Payroll System
Inventory System
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Databases
  • Networks
  • Other related components

INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Marketing System
Customer Service System
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2).Sistem Penunjang Keputusan (Decision Support
System)
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Pengaturan Data Sistem Informasi
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Contoh ERD Sistem Informasi Pernikahan
  • Conceptual Data Model

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Phisical Data Model cotoh ERD Sistem Pernikahan
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Contoh hasil generate script Table hasil ERD
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3).Pentingnya Perancangan dan Pengembangan
Sistem Informasi
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Mengapa Harus..
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Ingat Cerita Orang Kaya
Google CEO Eric Schmidt
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg
Microsoft Bill Gate
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Prospek Bisnis IT Saat ini di Indonesia
Multimedia
MIS
Game Tech
Sofware Developent
Training
Jejaring Sosial etc
Hardware
Konsultan Audit IT
93
Memulai Bisnis IT
  • Mulai dari Hobby
  • Lihat sumber daya yang dimiliki
  • Inkubator, small office dll.
  • Tentukan Goal setting
  • Urus ijin legalitasnya
  • Jualan, produksi,implementasi dan sosialisasi

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Mulai dari Hobby Sejak kecil mprogram
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Hobby nguprex hardware
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Hobby mengambar dan seni
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Atau hobbynya jualan
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Resource
  • SDM ( EngineerAhli Jarkom,Sistem analisis,
    programmer, teknisi, marketer, manajer etc)
  • Modal Usaha
  • Small office software House 3-5 engineer
  • Investasi 3-5 PC Rp.9 jt s/d 15 jt
  • Biaya operasional rp. 6 jt-10 jt perbulan (bagi
    hasil)
  • Target project borongan, tanpa tender, siap di
    broker
  • Medium office software House 10-15, 15-20
    engineer
  • Investasi 10-15 PC Rp.30 jt s/d 45 jt
  • Biaya operasional rp. 20 jt-30 jt perbulan (bagi
    hasil)
  • Target project borongan, tanpa tender, tender
    terbatas,siap di broker
  • High office software House gt20 engineer
  • Investasi banyak investor
  • Biaya operasional diatas 1 M
  • Target project Tender tak terbatas, memiliki
    RD cukup tinggi
  • Berapa banyak relasiPemerintah, vendor IT,
    Swasta dll.

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Why do so many projects fail?
  • Reasons in many cases
  • Very few managers know project management.
  • Very few engineers know software engineering.

So many claims. What happens?
Over the budget. cut engineers
When will the project finish?
Feature is behind the competitor
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Tentukan Goal Setting
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Project Management Strategy
  • 5 Steps to improve project management
  • Order of Actions is important
  • Without management platform,
    you cannot evaluate the quality.
  • You cant ship the system under quality.
  • If you pursue the productivity before quality,
    then the project goes worse.

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Project Organization
Sales Division
Customer
Order
Development Division
Project
Requirement
System Engineering Division
Group
Proposal
Team
Delivery
Inspection Division
Trouble
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Development Stage
Step by Step Development
Name of stage, output may differ according to the
system/organization.
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Design Stage
  • Design Activities
  • To read upper documents and list up study issues
  • To investigate the study issues
  • To write down Specification/Design Documents
  • To review the documents
  • Viewpoints of Project Management
  • Design Sheet
  • Summary paper on investigation of a study issue
  • The background or reason of technical judgment is
    to be kept? because the specification often tells
    us nothing about it
  • Design Review
  • Review is the cheapest way to detect a bug, and
    the best way to understand the
    system
  • Interim Inspection
  • Check of the design output by the inspection
    division
  • We cannot proceed to the next stage without
    passing it

105
Gant Chart
Gant Chart is useful to see the progress of many
parallel activities
  • Task
  • Main activity of each stage
  • Task is followed by its progress and quality
    metrics
  • Work
  • Subsidiary activity of each stage
  • Work is measured not by progress, but only by its
    completion
  • Mile Stone
  • Major check point in the project

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Test Stage
  • Test Activities
  • To list up Test Items, and review them
  • To execute a Test Item
  • To submit a Problem Form, if there is a problem
  • To remove a bug from a program
  • How to select Test Items?

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How many test items?
  • Example
  • Sort of List table
  • Input integer array
  • Question
  • How many test items?

Test Criteria 1 Cover all codes 2 Cover all
flow lines 3 Check boundary conditions 4
Illegal conditions
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Quality Graph
Test Progress and Quality are shown on the
Quality Graph
  • Completion Criteria
  • When all the test cases completed, the curve of
    detected bugs is saturated and no unresolved
    problems is left.

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How to solve the problems
  • Viewpoints of Project Management
  • To check the properness of selected Test Cases
  • Even if a project is small, all problems are to
    be recorded

When a problem happens?
One error indicates other similar errors in it.
Be careful about an unintentional
miss-operation. One error indicates other
similar errors in it.
A Problem once happened surely happens again. Be
careful about an unintentional miss-operation. On
e error indicates other similar errors in it.
Human beings are those who makes a mistakes. A
Problem once happened surely happens again. Be
careful about an unintentional miss-operation. On
e error indicates other similar errors in it.
Project Management Statistics Psychology
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Major Forms for Project Management
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Suggestions for High Quality
  • Tabular/Graphical Documentation is the better
    way to define the specification with the less
    errors
  • To write down a document often makes us find a
    problem and straighten our understanding
  • Circulation of information/notice and good
    communication help us to avoid a problem.

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Software Training in Japan
  • Formation
  • 3 different topics for three teams
  • Each team is consist of several engineers
  • Process
  • Design, Programming and test are done by a
    different team.
  • One month per one stage
  • Purpose
  • The importance of accurate document and
    readability of source code
  • Milestone keeping
  • Pattern or tendency of errors

Requirement
Team A
Design
Design Doc.
Programming
Team B
File
Test
Team C
Bug Report
Experience is the best way to learn Project
Management
113
Hasil Produk yang pernah kita develop bersama
  • Berikut ini hasil produk software house elista
    salah satu inkubator di PENS
  • Program dosenjaga, jejaring sosial berbasis
    edukasi.
  • Sistem informasi Politeknik Terpadu
  • Sistem Informasi Rumah sakit Terpadu
  • Sistem Keuangan Bapertarum Jakarta
  • Sistem Informasi PTPN XI
  • Sistem administrasi Bapedal Jawa Timur
  • Sistem Secure Parking Terintegrasi
  • Try-out online
  • Sistem integrasi Transaksi POM Bensin
  • etc

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Sistem Keuangan Bapertarum Jakarta
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Transaksi Pom Bensi Terpadu
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MIS PT PN XI Terintegrasi
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Sistem Secure Parking Terpadu
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Sistem Informasi Terpadu
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Salam Super
Salam Super
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