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Africa

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Title: Africa


1
The Geography of Africa
2
Africas Size
4 6 0 0 M I L E S
  • Second largest continent - 11,700,000 sq. mi.
  • 10 of the worlds population.
  • 2 ½ times the size of the U. S.

3
Africas Physical Features
4
Mediterranean Sea
Atlas Mts.
Libyan Desert
The Complete Topography Of AFRICA
Tropic of Cancer 20 N
Red Sea
Sahara Desert
Nile River
Sahel
Niger River
L. Chad--gt
Great Rift Valley
lt--Gulf of Aden
L. Albert--gt
? Mt. Kenya
Equator 0
Congo River
L. Victoria
? Mt. Kilimanjaro
Indian Ocean
L. Tanganyika-gt
Ruwenzori Mts.
Atlantic Ocean
Zambezi River
Namib Desert
Kalahari Desert
Limpopo River
Tropic of Capricorn20 S
Orange River
Drajensburg Mts.
Pacific Ocean
5
Ecosystems of Africa A Satellite View of Africa
  • Pages 77-83

6
Ecosystems and Biomes
  • Ecosystem The interaction of plant life, animal
    life and the physical environment in which they
    live
  • Biome The term used to describe a major type of
    ecosystem that can be found in various regions
    throughout the world

7
Ecosystems
8
Vegetation Zones
9
African Climate
10
Tropic of Cancer 20 N
AfricaTheTropicalContinent
Equator 0
Tropic of Capricorn20 S
11
Diverse Climates
  • -Africa is a land of many different climate
    types.
  • -Some of the worlds driest and wettest places are
    in Africa.

12
Climate
13
African Trade Winds
14
West Africa Home of our Hurricanes
15
Natural Resources
16
Seismic Activity in Africa
17
Libyan Desert
Deserts
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Namib Desert
Kalahari Desert
18
Deserts
  • -Make up most of the land area of Africa.
  • -The Sahara and the Kalahari deserts are Africas
    two major deserts.
  • -Deserts in Africa are growing larger.

19
The Sahara Desert
20
Sahara Desert
  • Worlds largest desert, located in northern part
    of Africa.
  • Continuing to grow due to desertification
  • Desertification - the processes by which an area
    becomes a desert.
  • The rapid depletion of plant life and the loss of
    topsoil at desert boundaries and in semiarid
    regions, usually caused by a combination of
    drought and the overexploitation of grasses and
    other vegetation by people.

21
Kalahari Desert
  • Large desert spanning many countries in southern
    Africa.
  • Continuing to grow due to desertification.

22
Pictures of Deserts
23
Pictures of Desert Scrub
24
Desertification
25
  • Sahel Transition area between desert and
    grassland in Africa.
  • It is continuing to grow due to desertification.
  • Spans East/West through the continent of Africa.

26
The Sahel
27
Atlas Mts.
Mountains Peaks
? Mt. Kenya
? Mt. Kilimanjaro
Ruwenzori Mts.
Drajensburg Mts.
28
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro -Tallest mountain in Africa
    located in the middle of the Serengeti Plain.
    Elevation 19,340.
  • Dormant Volcano
  • Snow capped year round.
  • Geographic anomaly such a large mountain in the
    middle of flat plains.

29
Mt. KilimanjaroSnow on the Equator?
30
  • Atlas Mountains - Mountain Range in northwest
    Africa tall enough to have snow. Highest Point
    13, 671 ft.
  • Stretches through the countries of Morocco,
    Algeria, and Tunisia.
  • Prevents moisture from the Atlantic Ocean from
    reaching the Sahara Desert.
  • Climate on the Coast is Mediterranean. Much like
    Southern California.

31
  • Ethiopian Highlands - Rugged mountain range in
    Ethiopia.
  • Often called the Roof of Africa
  • With points up to 16,000 ft.
  • Many of Africas best runners train in these
    mountains.

32
The African Plateau
33
Valleys Plains
Great Rift Valley
Serengeti Plain
The Veld
34
Great Rift Valley
3,000 miles long
35
  • Great Rift Valley stretches through eastern
    Africa over 3,700 miles long.
  • Created by two continental plates moving apart.
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro is one of the many volcanoes
    along the Great Rift Valley.

36
Great Rift Valley
37
  • Serengeti Plain - Large area of Savanna
    grasslands that cover much of eastern Africa.
  • Home to many of Africas most recognizable
    wildlife.
  • Hunting expeditions put many of the Serengetis
    animals on the endangered species list. Today
    there are strict laws prohibiting hunting.

38
The African Savannah13 million sq. mi.
39
Savannas
  • - Grassland areas characterized by tall grass and
    few trees.

40
Tropical Grassland
  • Description
  • Grow in warm lands near the equator.
  • Three seasons
  • Wet season-grasses grow tall and green
  • Dry season-grasses turn brown and die
  • 3rd season is a time of naturally occurring
    wildfires
  • Vegetation
  • Grass, scattered trees that can survive dry
    periods
  • often called Savanna

41
Pictures of Tropical Grassland
42
Animals of the Serengeti
43
The Serengeti
44
Temperate grassland
  • Description
  • Found in cooler, drier parts of the world
  • called Veld in South Africa
  • Grasses differ in length and kind depending on
    the amount of rainfall and type of soil

45
Pictures of Temperate Grassland
46
Safari
47
Mediterranean Sea
Bodies Of Water
Red Sea
Nile River
Niger River
L. Chad--gt
lt--Gulf of Aden
L. Albert--gt
Congo River
L. Victoria
Indian Ocean
L. Tanganyika-gt
Atlantic Ocean
Zambezi River
Limpopo River
Orange River
Pacific Ocean
48
Nile River
  • The worlds longest river flows north through
    northeast Africa.
  • The lifeblood of Egypt.
  • Egypt would not be able to support its large
    population without the Nile.

49
The Mighty Nile RiverLongest River in the
World
50
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51
The Egyptian Civilization
  • One of the earliest civilizations in the
    world.
  • Many aspects of the pyramids are still a mystery
    to modern architects.
  • British soldiers used to practice shooting at
    the face of the sphinx and other ancient
    structures.

52
Nile River
53
The Congo River Basin
  • Covers 12 of thecontinent.
  • Extends over 9countries.
  • 2,720 miles long.
  • 99 of the countryof Zaire is in theCongo River
    basin.

54
Congo River
  • 2nd longest river in Africa.
  • Congo River Basin
  • Drainage region for the Congo River, home of most
    of Africas rainforest.
  • The Dark Continent term for Africa came from
    Henry M. Stanleys 1878 account Through the Dark
    Continent.

55
Dont go swimming the Congo RiverTiger FishYeah!
The Congo River Basin
56
  • Niger River 3rd longest river in Africa.
  • Primary river of West Africa.
  • Famous city of Timbuktu was established along its
    shores.
  • Known for marshes along its path

57
The Niger River Basin
  • Covers 7.5 of the continent.
  • Extends over 10 countries.
  • 2,600 miles long.

58
  • Zambezi River 4th longest river in Africa
    largest African river that empties into the
    Indian Ocean.
  • Dr. David Livingston was said to be the first
    European to explore to the rivers source and see
    Victoria Falls.
  • Yes, he is the same Dr. Livingston from the
    famous quote, Dr. Livingston I presume?

59
Zambezi River
60
  • Victoria Falls The worlds largest waterfall on
    the Zambezi River.
  • Dr. David Livingston was said to be the first
    European to see it. Who than named it after Queen
    Victoria of England
  • During the wet season people claim you can hear
    the roar of the falls from 30 miles away.

61
Victoria Falls
62
  • Suez Canal - 101 mile long canal that connects
    the Mediterranean sea with the Red Sea.
  • Cuts down the shipping time between Europe and
    Asia.
  • Controlled by Egyptian government.
  • Highly guarded for its strategic importance.

63
Suez Canal (etc.)
64
  • Red Sea - separates the continent of Africa from
    the Arabian peninsula of southwest Asia.
  • Strategically Important to many countries.
  • Israels only port to the Indian Ocean.
  • Many countries ship goods through the Red Sea to
    reach the Suez Canal.
  • According to Christian and Jewish beliefs, God
    drowned the Egyptian army as the Israelites
    passed through during their exodus from Egypt.

65
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66
  • Lake Victoria -Africas largest lake. Located in
    the eastern part of Africa.
  • Often called the Eye of Africa
  • For the lakes size it is relatively shallow.
  • Source of the Nile River.

67
  • Cape of Good Hope The southwest coast of South
    Africa.
  • Sailors named it because as they traveled around
    Africa, it marked the point where their journey
    East Asia turned East giving the sailors Hope.

68
Hydroelectric Power
69
African Rain Forest
  • Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft.
  • Rapid decomposition (very humid).
  • Covers 37 countries.
  • 15 of the land surface of Africa.

70
Tropical Rain Forest
  • Description
  • Areas near the equator were the temperature is
    warm and great amounts of rain fall.
  • Vegetation (plants)
  • Broadleaf evergreen trees that keep their leaves
    year-round

71
Rainforest
  • -Africa has some of the worlds diverse
    rainforests.
  • -Located in the middle of the continent.

72
Pictures of rainforest
Congo Basin
Cameroon
73
Rainforest
74
Chaparral
  • Vegetation
  • Small evergreen trees and low bushes or scrub
  • Description
  • Adapted to Mediterranean climate, most
    precipitation falls during the winter and summers
    are hot and dry

75
Pictures of Chaparral
76
Big Squirrel Hunters
  • Though it is illegal to hunt elephants. Big
    Squirrels still offer hunters the hunt of their
    lives.
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