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The Rise of Mussolini in Italy

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Purpose: establish Mussolini and the Fascist Party as the most important party in Italy ... Fascist - still allows individual ownership of land, factories, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Rise of Mussolini in Italy


1
The Rise of Mussolini in Italy
Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)
2
What Problems did Italy have after WWI?
  • 460,000 soldiers killed
  • Heavy debt
  • Coalition Governments
  • Rising unemployment, decline of lira, rising
    bread prices, shortages of coal led to unrest in
    cities
  • Peasants seized land from wealthy
  • Workers strike in cities
  • Chaos

3
How did The Treaty of Versailles contribute to
Italys problems?
  • Italy had not been given the land promised at the
    Secret Treaty of London.
  • Italys foreign Minister Orlando left before the
    conference ended, feeling humiliated.

Stupid TOV
NO Land
4
How does Mussolini gain power?
  • Promises, Promises
  • Wealthy - Protect Private Property
  • Worker - Full employment, workers benefits
  • Nationalists - rebuild Italy and recreate the
    Roman Empire
  • Blackshirts attacked and intimidated
    political opponents

5
What was the 1922 March on Rome?
  • Purpose establish Mussolini and the Fascist
    Party as the most important party in Italy
  • Mussolini said this at a party conference
  • "Either the government will be given to us or
    will shall seize it by marching on Rome."

6
How did Mussolini Become Il Duce?
  • Result of the March on Rome Legislature wanted
    to establish marshal law
  • Instead, Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister
    by King Victor Emmanuel to prevent a Communist
    Revolution in Italy
  • Ends democratic rule and names himself Il Duce
    The Leader

7
What type of government existed under Mussolini ?
  • Fascist - still allows individual ownership of
    land, factories, businessbut..
  • Totalitarianism
  • Dictatorship
  • Elimination of opposition
  • Propagandaetc. etc.

8
What is a Corporate State?
  • Representation by syndicates - groups of workers
    and corporations in the same industry
  • Each syndicate sent representatives to
    legislature in Rome that set policies on wages
    production
  • Only fascist political party exists.
  • Fascism should rightly be called
  • Corporatism as it is a merge of state
  • and corporate power. Benito Mussolini

9
What did Mussolini do to improve Italy?
  • Solved unemployment problem
  • Restored patriotism and nationalism and
    recaptured Italys greatness
  • Made the trains run on time
  • Many Italians supported him until.

10
Formative
What the people wanted What Mussolini had to offer
Who were the blackshirts? How did Mussolini get
into power?
11
Mussolini and Hitler
Hitler and Mussolini had a close relationship. In
October 1936 they signed a non-military alliance.
Mussolini signed a full defensive alliance with
Nazi Germany in the Pact of Steel.
Mussolini and Hitler
12
Italy during WWII
Mussolini intended to annex Malta, Corsica, and
Tunis. He wanted to create a New Roman Empire.
He annexed Albania, straining the military. His
troops were unprepared for the German invasion of
Poland. Italy remained neutral.
Mussolini during WWII
13
Italy during WWII contd
  • Italy soon declared war on Britain and France
    but troops were unprepared. It was defeated by
    Greece and lost the worlds first carrier strike.
    Italy was defeated on all fronts of the
    Anglo-American landing.

Mussolini
14
Quote from Mussolinis speech in Rome February
23, 1941
  • We are not like the English. We boast that we
    are not like them. We haven't elevated lying into
    a government art nor into a narcotic for the
    people the way the London government has
    donewhen the enemy wins a battle it is useless
    and ridiculous to seek, as the English do in
    their incomparable hypocrisy, to deny or diminish
    it.

15
Propaganda postcard of Mussolini
16
Mussolinis Execution
Mussolini was taken prisoner by the partisans and
was joined by his mistress, Clara Petacci. A few
days later they were shot to death. In April of
1945, their bodies were hung at an Esso gas
station along with the bodies of other fascist
leaders.
Mussolini and his mistress
17
Questions
  1. What were some of the problems that Italy faces
    after WWI?
  2. Why did Italians feel betrayed by the Treaty of
    Versailles?
  3. What is fascism, and how did Mussolini gain
    control of the Italian government?
  4. How did Italy fare during WWII?
  5. What happened to Mussolini?

18
Credits
  • http//www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mussolini This is a
    detailed biography of Mussolini. It was a good
    source because it explains fascism and Italy
    during WWII. accessed 5/29/03
  • http//www.bbc.co.uk/education/modern/fascism/fasc
    ihtm.htm We found this site to be the most
    helpful. We got some fascism and the Treaty of
    Versailles information from this site. accessed
    5/29/03.
  • http//members.aol.com/Custermen85/ILDUCE/Mussolin
    i.htm This site explained the execution of
    Mussolini in great detail. We took the picture
    from his execution from this site. accessed
    5/29/03.
  • http//motlc.wiesenthal.com/gallery/pg18/pg7/pg187
    87.html This site shows the history of Mussolini
    in pictures. We got a lot of our pictures from
    this site. accessed 5/30/03.
  • http//gi.grolier.com/wwii/wwii_mussolini.htm
    This site explains Italy during WWII and has many
    good details. We got the majority of the
    information about WWII from this site. accessed
    5/29/03.
  • http//www.thehistorychannel.co.uk/classroom/aleve
    l/musso1.htm This site had the diagram of
    fascism under Mussolini. accessed 5/30/03.
  • http//www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWmussolini.
    htm This site explains Mussolinis rise to power
    and Italys involvement in WWII as well as the
    outcome of the Treaty of Versailles. accessed
    5/30/03.

19
Credits contd
  • http//images.google.com/images This site was
    helpful when we were searching for pictures and
    maps.
  • http//quotes.telemanage.ca/quotes.nsf/QuotesByCat
    Person!ReadFormRestrictToCategoryBenitoMussolin
    i This site has quotes from Mussolini about
    fascism.
  • http//www.ibiblio.org/pha/policy/1941/410223a.htm
    l This site had an entire speech that Mussolini
    gave in Rome in 1941. We took a quote from this
    speech.
  • http//www.historylearningsite.co.uk/march_on_rome
    .htm This site explained the March on Rome. This
    is where we got all of the information about the
    March on Rome.
  • http//academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/history/core/pic
    s/0255/img0023.jpg This is where we got the
    picture from the March on Rome.
  • http//www.geocities.com/schutze_games/MarchCov.gi
    f This is where we got the map of the March on
    Rome.
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