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War of 1812

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Title: The Era of Good Feelings: Nationals Author: Kelsey Knox Last modified by: Current User Created Date: 10/2/2007 11:57:27 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: War of 1812


1
Introduction
  • War of 1812
  • Divided
  • Suffered defeat
  • Post-War
  • America came together as a country
  • Boundaries the same

2
The Era of Good Feelings
3
Monroes Presidency
  • Election of 1816 was the last time the
    Federalists had a candidate
  • Essentially only one political party for next 8
    years ? spirit of cooperation
  • Monroes two terms of presidency overlooked an
    Era of Good Feelings

4
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5
Era of Good Feelings
  • Goodwill tour in 1817
  • Greeted warmly everywhere (even Federalist New
    England!)
  • A Boston newspaper announced that an Era of Good
    Feelings had been ushered in

6
Transportation Revolution
  • System of canals linked waterways
  • Erie Canal constructed 1817-1825
  • New roads connected cities, foundation
  • National Road
  • Toll roads

7
Post-War Economy
  • 1817 Postwar economic prosperity ? political
    optimism
  • Borrowing and buying frenzy
  • High protective tariff of 1816 helped domestic
    industry
  • Inflation
  • 1818 decline in global need for US products
  • Bankruptcy
  • Panic of 1819
  • Land value went down depression
  • Led to emergence of new political parties

8
Missouri Compromise
  • Compromise involving slavery and citizenship of
    free slaves
  • Temporarily cooled North-South tensions
  • Represented growing conflict over slavery and
    sectionalism between North and South

9
Downfalls
  • Early tranquility and prosperity
  • Later a troubled period
  • Arguments over tariffs, the bank, internal
    improvements, and the sale of public lands
  • Sectionalism intensifying
  • Conflict over slavery getting ugly

10
But it wasnt all that bad! ((Nationalism))
  • High morale after war
  • American unity
  • No further American participation in European
    conflicts
  • One party, the Republicans, represented a unified
    front
  • Transportation literally linked the people

11
The Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
http//medicolegal.tripod.com/mapus1803.jpg
12
Background before the treaty
  • Monroe elected president
  • Spain owned Florida
  • Florida desired by America
  • War of 1812
  • Louisiana purchase
  • Jacksons invasion of Spain

13
Terms of the treaty
  • Spanish ceded Florida to the US for 7 million.
  • Established the boundaries between Spanish land
    and American land.
  • East and North Texas border
  • 42 parallel
  • Texas exchange for Florida

The treaty was not signed until 1821 due to
problems over land titles.
14
Who was involved?
  • John Quincy Adams and Don Luis de Onís of Spain
  • Prior, General Andrew Jackson
  • President James Monroe

15
The Adams-Onis Treaty
http//www.cretin-derhamhall.org/Departmental/Soci
alStudies/ Loeblein/WesternExpansion/Group_6/1818-
19.gif
16
Importance of the Treaty
  • General expansion of U.S. Territory and
    regulations concerning the borders and
    boundaries.
  • Peace and neutrality between Spain and America.
  • ARTICLE 1 There shall be a firm and inviolable
    peace and sincere friendship between the United
    States and their Citizens, and His Catholic
    Majesty, his Successors and Subjects, without
    exception of persons or places.

17
John Quincy Adams and Don Luis de Onis of Spain
http//www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/pr
esidents/images/bio6a.jpg
http//perso.wanadoo.es/cantalapiedrass/images/Oni
s1.jpg
18
Nationalism
  • The addition of Florida as a part of the U.S.
  • A sense of literal and figurative nationalistic
    growth
  • Final exception and settled disputes between the
  • nations resulted in a unity of America.

19
Monroe Doctrine
  • 1823

www.libertybellmuseum.com/.../images/1560.jpg
20
Background
Americans
Europeans
  • Did NOT want Spain to colonize and control South
    America
  • Europe wanted to restore collapsed monarchies
    after War of 1812
  • Britain and Spain sought to control Pacific coast
    of North America
  • Feared Europeans coming back to America to
    colonize Western land

21
What is the Monroe Doctrine?
Good question!
  • President Monroe issued a foreign policy
    document
  • Warning European countries not to intervene in
    Western Hemisphere
  • Warning Europeans against colonizing South
    America
  • Called for a reaffirmation of Americas neutrality

Written with most ideas and help from Secretary
of State, John Adams
22
Monroe Doctrine
  • American continents, by the free and
    independent condition which they have assumed and
    maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as
    subjects for future colonization by any European
    powers."
  • -President Monroe in his Monroe Doctrine

Monroe also stated that a failure to comply with
this doctrine would result in facing Americas
armed force
23
Domestic Unity
Written by Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to
President Monroe in 1823
Its object is to introduce and establish the
American system, of keeping out of our land all
foreign powers, of never permitting those of
Europe to intermeddle with the affairs of our
nations. It is to maintain our own principle, not
to depart from it.
I represent the Democratic- Republicans and we
are FOR no foreign entanglements!
www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/.../jefferson.jpg
  • Reflects nationalism and Era of Good Feelings

24
Significance
  • Monroe Doctrine began the idea of Isolationism
  • Isolationism seeking to devote the entire
    efforts of one's country to its own advancement
    and remain at peace by avoiding foreign
    entanglements and responsibilities
  • It helped to prevent foreign intrusion before it
    could potentially ruin the Republic
  • TURNING POINT
  • It unified America in the way that they were all
    getting rid of the Old World, and looking toward
    creating a New World

25
Nationalism Monroe Doctrine
  • Nationalism the desire for national advancement
    or independence
  • Used Manifest Destiny to justify the doctrine
  • Manifest Destiny a policy of imperialism
    rationalized as inevitable (as if granted by God)
  • This brought together a unifying idea that
    American land is for AMERICANS only
  • Hypocritical because America uses this same
    principle to take land from Native Americans

26
www.tea.state.tx.us/.../images/24graphicaa.jpg
27
Political cartoon displaying the Monroe Doctrine
www.mexicolore.co.uk/uploadimages/169_02_2.jpg
28
Conclusion
  • All of these events brought the Americans
    together
  • Economically
  • Politically
  • Socially

29
  • Works Cited
  • Eagleton Institute of Poltics. 2004. Rutgers,
    The State University of New Jersey. 2 Oct. 2007.
    lthttp//www.eagleton.rutgers.edu/e-gov/e-politica
    larchive-goodfeeling.htmgt.
  • Fuller, Hubert Bruce. The Purchase of Florida
    Its History and Diplomacy . The Burrows Brothers
    Company, 1906.
  • Kellogg, William O. American History the Easy
    Way. New York Barrons, 2003.
  • McDonald, Archie P.. "The Adams-Onis Treaty." 04
    April 2004. East Texas Historical Association. 6
    Oct 2007. lthttp//www.texasescapes.com/AllThingsHi
    storical/Adams-Onis-Treaty-404AM.htmgt.
  • Missouri Compromise. 2 Oct. 2007.
    lthttp//www.historicaldocuments.com/ Missouri
    Compromiselg2.jpggt.
  • Monroe. 2 Oct. 2007. lthttp//www.earlyamerica.co
    m/portraits/images/monroe.jpggt.
  • Perkins, Dexter. "The Monroe Doctrine." The
    Monroe Doctrine (1823). 5 Oct. 2007.
    lthttp//usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/democra
    c/50.htmgt.
  • Sisung, Kelle S. and Gerda-Ann Raffaelle, eds.
    Presidential Administration Profiles for
    Students. Detroit Gale Group, 2002.
  • Smith, Gaddis. The Last Years of the Monroe
    Doctrine. US Military History Campaign. 5 Oct.
    2007. lthttp//www.answers.com/topic/monroe-doctri
    ne?catbiz-fingt.
  • Sunflower. 2 Oct. 2007. lthttp//www.socksoff.co.
    uk/00001/page05/Sunflower_1600.jpggt.
  •        
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