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CODEX ALIMENTARIUS COMMISSION CAC Objectives and Functions of the International Food Standards Setti

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The Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. Since 1962. OBJECTIVES. Consumer Protection. Fair practices in the food trade. Co-ordination of work on food standards ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CODEX ALIMENTARIUS COMMISSION CAC Objectives and Functions of the International Food Standards Setti


1
CODEX ALIMENTARIUS COMMISSION (CAC) Objectives
and Functions of the International Food
Standards Setting Body
  • prepared by
  • Dr Lahsen Ababouch
  • Fishery Industry Division
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
    Nations
  • Rome, Italy

2
CODEX ALIMENTARIUS COMMISSION
The Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme
Since 1962
3
OBJECTIVES
  • Consumer Protection
  • Fair practices in the food trade
  • Co-ordination of work on food standards

4
The Commission
  • 165 Member governments
  • Meets every two years
  • Adopts the Codex standards
  • Reviews the Programme of Work
  • Reviews the budget

5
Management organs of the Commission
  • The Executive Committee
  • The Regional Co-coordinating Committees
  • The Secretariat of the Commission

6
  • The Executive Committee
  • 11 members
  • Chair three Vice Chairs of the Commission
  • Seven elected members
  • Prepares the Programme of Work
  • May take decisions on behalf of the Commission,
    subject to its approval

7
  • Regional Coordinating Committees
  • 6 Regional Committees
  • Coordinate activities relevant to a region
  • Regional Codex standards
  • Harmonization

Latin America and the Caribbean
Africa
North America South West Pacific
Asia
Europe
Near East
8
  • The Secretariat of the Commission
  • Administrative support to the Commission
  • Co-ordination of the work of the other organs
  • Link with Codex Contact Points

9
Technical organs of the Commission
  • 9 General Subject Committees
  • 12 Commodity Committees
  • 3 Ad Hoc Inter-Governmental Task Forces

10
  • General Subject Committees
  • General Principles (France)
  • Import/Export Inspection and Certification
    Systems (Australia)
  • Food Labeling (Canada)
  • Methods of Analysis Sampling (Hungary)
  • Food Hygiene (USA)
  • Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Food (USA)
  • Pesticide Residues (Netherlands)
  • Food Additives and Contaminants (Netherlands)
  • Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses
    (Germany)

11
  • Commodity Committees (Active)
  • Fats and Oils (U. K.)
  • Fish and Fishery Products (Norway)
  • Milk and Milk Products (New Zealand)
  • Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (Mexico)
  • Cocoa Products Chocolate (Switzerland)
  • Natural Mineral Waters (Switzerland)

12
Functions
  • of the Codex
  • Alimentarius Commission

13
Standard Elaboration Procedure
  • Always initiated by the Commission
  • Uniform procedure
  • 8 Steps
  • 2 rounds of written comments
  • 1 round of comments can be omitted
  • Accelerated procedure
  • 5 Steps
  • 1 round of written comments

14
UNIFORM PROCEDURE
15
ACCELERATED PROCEDURE
Decision to elaborate standard (Commission)
1
Draft standard proposed (Relevant Codex Committee)
2
Request for Comments (Secretariat)
3
Amendments / Session (Relevant Codex Committee)
4
Adoption as a Codex standard (Commission)
5
16
Acceptance of Codex Standards
  • General standards and Commodity standards
  • Full Acceptance
  • Acceptance with specified deviation
  • Free Distribution
  • Maximum Residue Limits
  • Full Acceptance
  • Free Distribution

17

Acceptance of Codex Standards
  • Full Acceptance
  • Imported and domestically produced foods must
    comply with Codex requirements
  • For commodity standards, there is an obligation
    to prevent circulation of non-complying products
  • Acceptance with Specified Deviation
  • Codex standard accepted with specified deviations
  • Free distribution
  • Products complying with Codex requirements can
    circulate freely

18
How the Codex Committees Work
  • Regular sessions
  • Expert input
  • Interaction between Codex General Committees
    and Codex Commodity Committees

19
  • Expert input to
  • Codex Committees
  • Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food
  • Additives (JECFA)
  • Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide
  • Residues (JMPR)
  • Joint FAO\WHO expert Committee on Microbiological
    Risk Assessment (JEMRA)
  • Joint FAO/WHO Working groups, Expert Consultations

20
J.E.Cs - Characteristic Features
  • Independent of Codex
  • Members serve in personal scientific capacity
  • Broad based representation
  • Ad hoc - meet regularly
  • Provide scientific advice only
  • FAO and WHO Member countries
  • FAO and WHO governing bodies
  • Codex Alimentarius Commission

21
Achievements and current trends
  • For the Codex
  • Alimentarius Commission

22
Achievements (2000)
  • Since its foundation
  • 237 Food Standards
  • 41 Codes of Practice
  • 185 Pesticides evaluated
  • 3274 Limits for Pesticide Residues
  • 25 Guideline Limits for Contaminants
  • 1300 Food Additives evaluated
  • 54 Veterinary Drugs evaluated
  • 289 Limits of Veterinary Drug Residues

23
  • Codex food safety provisions
  • recognized by SPS
  • Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides and
    Veterinary Drugs
  • Maximum Level of Use of Food Additives
  • Maximum Levels of Contaminants
  • Food Hygiene Requirements of Codex standards

24
  • Implications of SPS on Codex
  • Codex focuses on risk-based systems
  • Inclusion of pre-requisites and HACCP in the
    General Principles of Food Hygiene
  • Development of food import/export inspection and
    certification guidelines
  • Work on Risk Analysis - Codex statements of
    principle relating to the role of food safety
    risk assessment
  • Codex reaffirms the role of science in its
    work
  • Codex revises its acceptance procedures

25
  • Codex provisions recognized by TBT
  • Food Labeling
  • Quality Provisions
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Methods of Analysis and Sampling

26

National regulations which are consistent with
Codex meet the requirements of SPS and TBT
27
  • SPS and TBT Implications for
  • Codex /WTO Members
  • Should base their requirements on Codex
  • Should become more involved in Codex work
  • Should harmonize requirements using Codex

28
  • National Codex Committees (NCC)
  • help meeting the challenges of
  • SPS and TBT
  • NCC are information centers on Codex
  • NCC are tools to monitor contribute to the
  • elaboration of Codex standards
  • NCC are mechanisms for consultation among
    governments, the food industry and the consumer
    on all matters related to food quality and safety
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