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Italian Unification DBQ


Italian Unification DBQ Solid Theses The efforts of Mazzini, Cavour, and others to unify Italy raised debate on how to best do so. Resolutions proposed included ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Italian Unification DBQ

Italian Unification DBQ
Solid Theses
  • The efforts of Mazzini, Cavour, and others to
    unify Italy raised debate on how to best do so.
    Resolutions proposed included unification under a
    monarchy, unification under a republic, and no
    unification at all.
  • During Italian unification, debates over whether
    Italy should be a monarchy or a republic were
    prominent, and some advocated for the continued
    separation of Italian states.

How can you fix this thesis?
  • Italian unification was possible through multiple
    ways, including a republic, monarchy, or
    religious leader, but most important was foreign
    entities must be removed.

Doc. 1 do these POVs count?
  1. Mazzini was a radical patriot, who believed all
    people should be able to have a say in the
    government, so that most likely affected his
    public opinion.
  2. Being exiled from Piedmont, Mazzini would be
    looking towards unification because of the
    corruption present in the Italian states not
    under a unified government.

Doc. 2 do these POVs count?
  • It is important to take into consideration that
    Cattaneo lived in Lombardy which was under
    Austrian rule after the Congress of Vienna. His
    beliefs must have been influenced by Austrian
    rule and he may have been unaware of the growing
    nationalist sentiment in central Italy at the
  • Cattaneo is both a philosopher and a political
    activist, so he is not solely concerned about the
    politics. His role as a philosopher may give him
    a better understanding of human nature, so he is
    able to see a reason beside a political one, of
    why Italy cannot unify as it will be challenging
    for the people.

I have to think too hard
  1. His tone displays his views of Italian
    nationalists as foolish, calling unified Italy a
    dream of many people but still a dream. He
    believes that the centuries of Italian separation
    cannot be helped and that people will be loyal to
    their states rather than to a unified Italy. He
    displays his views on the futility of unification
    efforts by describing them as people building
    their ideas on sand, which means without a strong
    base and foundation.

NO Ex. of mentioning tone but not actually
analyzing it.
Doc. 3 do these POVs count?
  1. Because Gioberti is a priest and thus a follower
    of the pope, it follows that he would favor the
    pope as the civil head of Italy.
  2. Gioberti himself being a priest, would likely
    advocate for such a method, as his allegiance
    lies directly with the pope. He would likely
    think that the pope would be a suitable leader as
    he holds him in reverence and is loyal to him.

Doc. 4 does this POV count?
  • Since he was an upper class man, it is assumed
    that he would side with monarch, as other middle
    class and upper class people did.

Doc. 5 does this POV count?
  • In 1848, Pope Pius was forced out of Rome by a
    revolution. The revolution scare made Pius more
    conservative. Since he became more conservative,
    he would oppose any new form of government or
    change, which is exactly what he is doing in his
    statement towards Italy.

Doc. 6 do these POVs count?
  • Manin was most likely expressing his true
    opinion, as he was writing a letter to a friend,
    and did not have a crowd to persuade or please.
  • Daniele Manin mentioned this while sending a
    letter to a friend which concludes that what he
    was saying was truly his opinion and that others
    shared this view as well if a politician was
    thinking it.

Doc. 12 do these POVs count?
  • Garibaldi is most likely a highly legitimate
    source because he was popular among his
    supporters and achieved this popularity with his
    beliefs, meaning that his beliefs coincide with
    the beliefs of the masses.
  • Garibaldi was the son of a sailor and came from
    humble beginnings, and undoubtedly, he would
    support a government that helped the poor.