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The War for Europe and North Africa

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The War for Europe and North Africa The United States in World War II #2 I. The United States and Britain Join Forces A. The Battle of the Atlantic 1. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The War for Europe and North Africa


1
The War for Europe and North Africa
  • The United States in World War II 2

2
I. The United States and Britain Join Forces
  • A. The Battle of the Atlantic
  • 1. In response to the German Wolfpacks the
    Allies began to use the Convoy System.
  • 2. These convoys were equipped with sonar and
    airplanes to find German U-boats.
  • 3. The Americans built 140 ships a month.

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II. The Eastern Front and the Mediterranean
  • A. The Battle of Stalingrad
  • 1. Hitler was determined to wipe out Stalingrad,
    a major industrial center.
  • 2. Hitler, overconfident ordered the German army
    into Stalingrad and too fight to the death.
  • 3. Winter set in and Soviet troops surrounded
    the Germans and after 6 months of fighting the
    remnants of the German army surrendered.

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  • B. The North African Front
  • 1. Operation Torch under Dwight D. Eisenhower
    fought the German Afrika Corps under General
    Erwin Rommel, the Desert Fox.
  • 2. After months of heavy fighting the Germans
    surrendered in May 1943.

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  • C. The Italian Campaign
  • 1. After victory in North Africa Churchill and
    FDR invaded Europe through Italy.
  • 2. The campaign got off to a good start with the
    capture of Sicily, and Mussolini was stripped of
    his power.
  • 3. Hitler did not give up Italy without a fight
    and after bloody fighting at bloody Anzio left
    25,000 Allied troops dead and 30,000 Axis troops.

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Tuskegee Airmen
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100th Battalion Hawaiian Nisei
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Anzio
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III. The Allies Liberate Europe
  • A. D-Day
  • 1. The largest land-sea operation in history.
  • 2. Codename Operation Overlord.
  • 3. June 6, 1944
  • 4. Even though the bulk of the German army was
    not in Normandy, the Germans put up heavy
    resistance, but the Allies held the beachheads.
  • 5. Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, Sword

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  • B. The Allies Gain Ground
  • 1. The Within a month after D-Day the Allies
    landed 567,000 tons of supplies, a million
    troops, and 170,000 vehicles in France.
  • 2. General Omar Bradley led a massive land and
    aerial bombardment of St. Lo providing a gap in
    which General George Patton could advance.
  • 3. On August 25, 1944 the Allies liberated
    Paris.
  • 4. As a result FDR was elected to a 4th term.

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  • C. Battle of the Bulge
  • 1. In October 1944 Hitler launched a last ditch
    offensive to secure the Belgian port Antwerp.
  • 2. His army broke through weak American defenes
    and drove 60 miles into Allied territory.
  • 3. However, the Allies finally held after a
    month of fighting and Hitler lost 120,000 troops,
    600 tanks, and 1,600 planes which they could not
    replace and spend the remainder of the war on
    retreat.

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  • C. Unconditional Surrender
  • 1. On April 29, 1945 Hitler committed suicide
    along with his bride Eva Braun.
  • 2. A week later on May 8, 1945 General
    Eisenhower accepted the unconditional surrender
    of the Third Reich and V-E day was announced.
  • 3. However, on April 12, 1945 FDR had a stroke
    and died.

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