??????? What is Jazz Music? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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??????? What is Jazz Music?

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... e.g. Scott Joplin Maple Leaf Rag ... (New Orleans Jazz) ... Ella Fitzgerald Scat Singing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ??????? What is Jazz Music?


1
???????What is Jazz Music?
  • Presented by Wang Yu Chau (Universe)

2
????(?)Activity 1
John McLaughlin
????????????, ???????????? Listen to the
following 13 excerpts. Please recognize whether
each excerpt is jazz 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13
3
???????
?????? ? ?????? ? ???????????
4
?????--????
  • 1619???????????????????(Virginia)
  • ????--
  • ???????
  • ????????

5
????????
  • ?????(Blues, Spirituals, Gospels)
  • ????????????
  • ??????????????
  • ???????Cakewalk??
  • ??????????????(Minstrel Shows)

6
??????
  • ???(Polyrhythm)
  • ????(Syncopation)
  • ???(Call Response)
  • ????(Blue Tonality)
  • ????(Improvisation)

Blue Notes
7
?????????????
  • ?????
  • (African Drums Djembe Music)
  • e.g. Mamady Keita Soli
  • ????(Work Songs)
  • e.g. Leadbelly Take This Hammer

8
??????????
  • ????
  • ????????
  • ??????
  • ???????

Ragtime
Dixieland Jazz
9
???????????
??? Jazz
10
????(Ragtime)
?2/4??4/4??????
??????????? ?,????
??????????? ?(Syncopation)
James Scott
Scott Joplin
??????(Form)-- AABBACCDD,C?? ?????????
(Subdominant Key)
? e.g. Scott Joplin Maple Leaf Rag
A Million Copies Sold
11
??/??(Blues)-1
Billie Holiday
Sarah Vaughan
Bessie Smith
12
??/??(Blues)-2
  • ?4??????AAB??
  • ??????????
  • ??(Pitch)??(Bend)?????
  • E.g. Billie Holiday Fine Mellow

Billie Holiday (Lady Day)
13
?????(Boogie Woogie)
Work Songs, Spirituals, Gospels, Ragtime, Blues,
Boogie Woogie??? ???????!
  • ?????????????
  • ????????(Ostinato Bass),?????????????,
  • ??8???(???8 over 4?)
  • ????????????????
  • ????Dixieland Jazz???
  • E.g. Meade Lux Lewis
  • Honky Tonk Train Blues

Meade Lux Lewis
14
????(?)Activity 2
  • ??????????????
  • ?????????,????
  • ?????????
  • ?? ????? (The Legend of 1900)

15
????(Stride)
  • ????????(Chord)????????????,?????????
  • ?Ragtime???????????
  • ???????(Improvisation)
  • ???Ragtime?????
  • E.g. Jelly Roll Morton Maple Leaf Rag
  • E.g. Fats Waller Handful of Key

Art Tatum
Jelly Roll Morton
Fats Waller
16
?????? (Dixieland Jazz)
  • ???(Banjo, Drums, Tuba)????????
  • ????(Collective Improvisation)?????????,????????,
    ???????
  • ?????????

King Oliver Band
The Original Dixieland Jass Band (The First
Recorded Jazz Band)
17
???????1900-1971(Louis Armstrong)
  • ?????????
  • ???????(New Orleans Jazz)???,?
  • ??????????
  • ???

Louis Armstrong
18
???(Swing)
  • ??????(Big Band)???
  • ????,??????????
  • ???????????
  • ???????????????(Identifying Trademark)
  • ????????????(Refrain)???(Phrase)?????(Riff)?

Benny Goodman
19
???(Big Band)???
  • ??????????????(alto saxophones),?????????(tenor
    saxophones)?????????(baritone saxophone)?
  • ??????????????????,?????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????
  • ???????,??????(?????),????????????

Count Basie
Paul Whiteman
20
???(Swing)????
  • ?????????????
  • ????????????,?????????????
  • ???????
  • ??????30?
  • ???(Rock nroll)???????

Benny Goodman Sextet
21
Modern Jazz-???(Bebop)
Kenny Clarke (??????????)
???????-- ?????(Mintons Playhouse)
22
Modern Jazz-???(Bebop)
Walter Page (???Walking Bass ?????????)
23
???(Bebop)?????
  • ????????(Dissonance)
  • ?????????(Rubato)
  • ?????????(Runs)
  • ??????(Straight ahead)?????(Swing)???
  • ?????
  • ??????(Register)??????
  • ?????? (Rhythmic Displacement)

24
???(Bebop)???-1
  • ?????????????
  • ?(Faster Tempo),??????????????
  • ????Arpeggios?????????
  • ????(Small Combos)??
  • ???Standard Tunes????????????
  • ??????(Extended Harmonies)?????

Dizzy Gillespie
Bud Powell
25
???(Bebop)???-2
  • ??????????????(Phrasing)
  • ????hi-hat??????,???(accents)????(Punctuations)??B
    ass Drum?Snare Drum??,??Bombs
  • ???4/4?????????????????(Syncopated Chordal
    Punctuations)
  • ????????????????
  • Bass??Walking Bass

Charlie Parker
Charlie Christian
26
Scat Singing
  • ???????????????????
  • e.g. Louis Armstrong, Dizzy Gillespie
  • ????????????????

????
Scat Singing
  • ???(Bebop)????

??????????
?Ella Fitzgerald?????Scat Singing
??Bebop?????????
Ella Fitzgerald (?Scat Singing?? ???????)
  • ?????(???? ???)--
  • ?????Scat Singing??????

27
??????
  • ?????(Latin Jazz)
  • ?/????(Cool Jazz)
  • ?????(Modal Jazz)
  • ????(Hard Bop)
  • ?????(Free Jazz)
  • ???(Avade-Garde)
  • ???(Fusion)
  • ???????
  • (Neo-Classicism)

Chick Corea Elektric Band (2002)
?Koln Concert????? ?????Keith Jarrett
28
????(Cool Jazz)
''Birth of the Cool????????
''Birth of the Cool????--Gil Evans
29
????(Cool Jazz)
  • ???????
  • ????,??????????????????
  • ????,????????????
  • ????????? ,???????????????
  • ????????????(Chamber ensemble)
  • ?????????????
  • ??????(Pastel)
  • ???????(Middle Registers)??

?????? ??????
30
????(?) Activity 3
Bill Evans
  • ?????????
  • ????????????
  • ????????????????
  • ??????????????
  • ????????????????
  • ???????? (So What?????)

Bill Evans (Young)
31
??(Conclusion)
  • ????,????????????
  • 1) ??(Swing)
  • It Dont Mean Anything If You Aint Got Swing.
  • --?????(Duke Ellington)
  • 2) ??(Improvisation)
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