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Jefferson and The Louisiana Purchase

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Jefferson and The Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase By 1800, more than a million settlers lived between the Appalachian Mountains and Mississippi River; still ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jefferson and The Louisiana Purchase


1
Jefferson and The Louisiana Purchase
2
The Louisiana Purchase
  • By 1800, more than a million settlers lived
    between the Appalachian Mountains and Mississippi
    River still not allowed to use Mississippi River
    for trade (controlled by Spain)
  • Pinckney Treaty negotiated to allow use of
    river helpful for transporting goods
  • Crisis develops Spain secretly gave New Orleans
    and Louisiana Territory to France
  • This disturbed Jefferson worried about Napoleon
    Bonaparte taking over America or blocking
    American expansion

3
Buying Louisiana
  • Jefferson sends Monroe to France able to
    purchase entire Louisiana Territory for 15
    million (4 cents an acre) because Napoleon needed
    money
  • Haitians had driven French out without that
    colony it was difficult to maintain control of
    Louisiana Territory
  • This purchase doubled the size of America
  • Summary of Purchase- Video

4
The Louisiana Purchase
5
Lewis and Clark Explore the West
  • Newly acquired western land needed to be explored
  • Americans wanted to know if a waterway existed
    between the Mississippi River and Pacific Ocean
  • Also want Lewis and Clark to make contact with
    Natives living in this area

6
The Journey
  • Began in St. Louis and head up Missouri River
  • Reach Platt River meet Natives
  • Proceed to the eastern edge of Great Plains
  • Next they move to what is now North Dakota meet
    the Mandan people and Sacagawea (Shoshone)
  • Hit the Rockies and Continental Divide
    disappointed that they did not see a waterway to
    take them to Pacific
  • Shoshones agree to sell horses to help the
    expedition
  • Reach Columbia River and eventually Pacific Ocean

7
(No Transcript)
8
Pikes Expedition
  • As Lewis and Clark travel back, Zebulon Pike also
    explores Louisiana Territory
  • Goes to Rocky Mountains tries to climb a
    mountain makes it up almost all the way now
    called Pikes Peak
  • On his way home arrested by Spanish in New Mexico
    thought he was a spy
  • Eventually released
  • This expedition created more interest in Spanish
    borderlands

9
Pikes Peak, Colorado
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