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How Did the Western Worldview Grow Out of the Renaissance?


Chapter 3 How Did the Western Worldview Grow Out of the Renaissance? Examples of ethnocentrism Aztecs & Incas (Spanish) Chinese & Indians (British, Portuguese) First ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How Did the Western Worldview Grow Out of the Renaissance?

Chapter 3
  • How Did the Western Worldview Grow Out of the

How Did New Religious Views Become Part of the
Western Worldview?
  • Two views of religion existed in the Western
  • Believed that individuals should follow the
    rules, rituals, and teachings of the RCC
  • Believed that individuals should question and
    respond to the Bible personally

  • Some questions raised
  • The necessity to follow the Church laws and
  • The actions of the clergy and popes
  • Many wanted to see things reformed, but not break
    from the RCC
  • This was called the Protestant Reformation

What do you know about Martin Luther from what
you have read?
  • No not that Martin Luther

Martin Luther
  • What he Believed Following the rituals was not
    enough. Seek personal religious understanding.
    Not pay for forgiveness.
  • What he Did he wrote 95 church reforms that he
    felt were necessary
  • What Happened Books burned. Luther was expelled
    from the church.

John Calvin
  • What He Believed Believe and practice what is
    written in the bible only.
  • What He Did introduced a strict form of
  • What Happened was the central developer of
    Christian Theology or Calvinism

John Knox
  • What He Believed Believed that the people
    should govern their local church
  • What He Did created Presbyteries, or councils
    of men, to govern the church. Led rebellions.
  • What Happened led into the Presbyterian church

The Huguenots
  • What they Believed a group in France
    protestants that followed Luthers writings
  • What they Did took part in a series of wars
    that lasted 40 years.
  • What Happened France finally granted them the
    right to worship in 1598

King Henry VIII
  • What He Believed he believed that he should
    control the church land. Have his marriage
  • What He Did he put himself in charge of church
  • What Happened - appointed himself the head of
    the church of England

Spanish Monarchs
  • What they Believed they believed that all other
    religions were false and wrong but Catholicism.
  • What they Did started the Inquisition to find
    heretics and disbelievers.
  • What Happened thousands were expelled from the
    country. Some were jailed, tortured and put to

How Did Ideas of National Identity and
Citizenship Begin to Develop During the
  • The idea of Nations began to develop in the
  • Small political units began to join and develop
    into larger states. These States then became
    countries because
  • Societies became more urban
  • Citizens developed new identities of belonging to
    a state as well as to their local communities

  • Gunpowder was introduced from China, which
    changed the nature of battles between monarchs
    and the nobles who owned feudal property
  • The invention of the printing press and the use
    of local languages helped create national identity
  • Exploration of new lands also led to a sense of
    greater national identity.

How Did a Spirit of Exploration Become Part of
the Western Worldview?
  • Governments traders wanted to expand control of
    trade around Mediterranean
  • Monarchs wanted to gain the wealth that came from
    trading with the East
  • New trade routes increased geographic knowledge
    new sailing technologies spurred the start of the
    Age of Exploration (Discovery)
  • Began in the early 15th century til 17th century

  • Europeans wanted/needed to expand their control
    to other parts of the world
  • this territorial or economic expansion to other
    countries is call expansionism
  • Resulted in the spreading of the Western
    worldview to other continents of the world

Factors Affecting ExpansionismThe Need for New
Trade Routes
  • Merchants would form a company and pool their
    money together to fund trading trips and would
    share the profits for the sale of goods.
  • Making a profit through trade became an important
    part of the European world view.
  • In the Name of God and Of Profit on account

  • Countries like Spain, Portugal, France and
    England wanted to cut out the middle-men in the
    trading route. (Italian or Muslim traders)
  • Wealthy Merchants and Monarchs started to fund
    new exploratory trading routes to the East

New Ideas and KnowledgeGeography
  • Aristotle (Greek Philosopher) - believed that the
    earth was round and flat, like a plate
  • Ptolemy (Egyptian Geographer) - believed that it
    was round (like a ball) but only one ocean.
  • Islamic and European scientists such as
    __________ agreed with this
  • Sailors were confident to sail westwards
    believed that they could sail west to Asia

Interest in Learning More About the World
  • Humanism Travel Writers created an interest in
    trade and exploration.
  • Advances in cartography distribution of maps
    navigation tables, navigation use of
    astrolabe, and shipbuilding carracks caravel
  • Astrolabe and Compass Sailors went from always
    being close to the shore, to being able to
    navigate in open waters.

How did the Age of Exploration Begin?
  • A European desire to expand their influence to
    other areas of the world became a major part of
    their worldview. European explorers would spread
    the Western worldview to all inhabited continents
    of the world.

  • Portugal, France, Spain and England became the
    leading players in the Age of Exploration
  • POSITION An Atlantic coastline
  • MONARCHS Sponsored explorers by financing their
  • TECHNOLOGY New ship designs, navigational tools
    (astrolabe) and navigational information enables
    explorers to sail the new-world and far-off

  • The new values of travel exploration,
    consumerism and accumulation of wealth fueled the
    race for new trade routes.
  • The Roman Catholic Church was very involved in
    the exploration of new lands because it wanted to
    spread Christianity.

  • Early 1400s Portuguese sailors sailed around
    the southern tip of Africe to establish a trade
    route to India China.
  • The city of Lisbon became the main trading city
    of Europe.
  • Bartholomew Diaz and Vasco da Gama were 2 of
    Portugals most famous explorers at this time.

  • The Spanish were envious of Portugals wealth and
    started their own series of explorations.
  • Spanish explorers sailed west to try to reach
    Asias eastern shores however, they did not
    realize that the Americas were in between Spain
    and Asia.

  • England started focusing on exploration in the
    16th century.
  • English explorers, Martin Frobisher and John
    Davis, looked for a North West passage through
    Canada to India China.
  • By the 17th century, England had more colonies
    along the North American Atlantic coast and in
    the West Indies than any other European power.

  • At first, France was preoccupied by wars with
    England and Italy.
  • France sponsored expeditions to areas that were
    farther north and west.
  • Cartiers explorations set the stage for Frances
    future exploration and colonization of the New

  • 1492 Christopher Columbus sailed to what he
    thought was Japan. In fact he was at an island
    in the Caribbean. Columbus was sponsored by
    Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain.
    Columbus never reached mainland North America.

  • 1497 Even though England was not really
    interested in exploration, the monarch sponsored
    Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot) who sailed to North

  • 1501 Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian merchant
    and mapmaker who explored the coast of Brazil.
    North and South America are named after him.

  • 1519 Ferdinand Magellan sailed around the tip of
    South America and named the Pacific Ocean. He
    reached the eastern part of Asia and his ships
    were the first to circumnavigate the globe. He
    was killed in the Philippines.

  • 1534 France sponsored Jacques Cartier who sailed
    to the New World and explored up the St. Lawrence
    river as far north as present day Montreal (then
    known as Hochelaga).

(No Transcript)
How Did the Age of Exploration Lead to
  • Britain and Spain had built huge empires that
    spanned the globe.
  • Through policies of imperialism these countries
    maintained control over the inhabitants and
    resources of the New World.
  • Built on the desire to increase wealth and power
  • The colonies land they controlled were to
    further the interests increase wealth of home

The European view of the rest of the world
  • Europeans believed that they were culturally and
    politically superior, therefore they had every
    right to control the people and resources of
    these new lands.
  • The indigenous people were not considered as
  • Belief that ones own race and culture was
    superior to those people of other societies is
    known as enthnocentrism

Examples of ethnocentrism
  • Aztecs Incas (Spanish)
  • Chinese Indians (British, Portuguese)
  • First Nations in N.A (British, French)
  • Africans as slaves
  • Caribbean (Spanish, British)
  • HOW? Government, Religion, Land, Slavery

How Did the Exchange of Goods and Products Change
the World?
  • The exchange of foodstuffs, metals, plants,
    animals and diseases affected economies and
    changed traditional ways of life of people around
    the world.
  • Europeans introduced Metals, Wheel, Work
    animals, Firearms, War technology
  • Product of Americas Rubber, Canoes, Snowshoes,
    Toboggans, Chewing gum, Dyes, Medicinal plants

How Did the Exchange of Goods and Products Change
the World?
  • European diseases had devastating effects on the
    local Indigenous people who did not have immunity
    to European diseases.
  • It is estimated that 75 to 90 of the Aboriginal
    population died as a result of European disease.

How Did Imperialism Affect European Worldviews?
  • Ideas Knowledge
  • Although Europeans considered their way of life
    as superior, they were impressed by the First
    Nations ideas of personal liberty, leadership
    consensus government and lack of emphasis on
    personal property.
  • Europeans saw the New World as a place offering
    new opportunities , free land escape from
    religious persecution.
  • Because of the ideas taken from the First
    Nations, Personal freedom, leadership, individual
    choice of religion are key parts of the modern
    Western Worldview.

How Did Imperialism Affect European Worldviews?
  • Economic Systems
  • As more gold and silver came into Europe from the
    New World, its buying power was reduced which
    resulted in inflation.
  • The price of goods rose due to this inflation
    which caused hardships for the common people who
    did not have the wealth from colonies.
  • Spain and France purchased most of their goods
    from other countries which led to
    industrialization in countries such as England,
    Germany and the Netherlands.
  • By the end of 17th century, power was shifting
    from Spain and Portugal to these countries due to
    this initial industrial development.