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Possessive Adjectives


Possessive Adjectives & Stem Changing Verbs Chapter 5 Grammar 1 Slides 1-13 Possessive Adjectives Mi/mis (yo) Tu/tus (tu) Su/sus (usted, l, ella) Nuestro(a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Possessive Adjectives

Possessive Adjectives Stem Changing Verbs
  • Chapter 5 Grammar 1
  • Slides 1-13

Possessive Adjectives
  • My
  • Your (informal)
  • His, her, its, your (formal), their
  • Our
  • Your (informal)
  • His, her, its, your (formal), their
  • Mi/mis (yo)
  • Tu/tus (tu)
  • Su/sus (usted, él, ella)
  • Nuestro(a)/nuestros(as) (nosotros/as)
  • Vuestro(a)/vuestros(as) (vosotros/as)
  • Su/sus (ustedes
  • ellos, ellas)

Possessive Adjectives
  • Some examples
  • Todos mis primos son atléticos.
  • All of my cousins are athletic.
  • Mi amiga es muy inteligente.
  • My friend is very intelligent.
  • De dónde son tus amigos?
  • Where are your friends from?
  • Nuestra familia es cómica, nó?
  • Our family is funny, dont you think?

Possessive Adjectives
  • Possessive adjectives show ownership or
    relationships between people. They are placed
    before the noun.

Possessive Adjectives
  • In English, possessive adjectives his, her, and
    their show when something belongs to a male, a
    female, or more than 1 person.
  • In Spanish, the possessive adjective su has many
    possible meanings his, her, its, your, their.
    (The context usually makes the meaning clear.)

Possessive Adjective Agreement
  • Possessive adjectives refer to the owner BUT
    their form agrees in gender number with the
    noun that comes after them.
  • Example
  • Elena canta con sus hermanas.
  • Elena sings with her sisters.
  • Sus refers to Elenas (her) sisters, but agrees
    with the noun that comes after it (hermanas).

Possessive Adjective Agreement
  • Some more examples
  • Amalia juega con sus hermanos.
  • Amalia plays with her brothers.
  • La señora Robles le canta a sus plantas.
  • Mrs. Robles sings to her plants.

Possessive Adjectives Additional Rules
  • Su and sus can take the place of a phrase with de
  • Example
  • De donde es el padre de Carlota?
  • Where is Carlotas dad from?
  • El padre de Carlota es de Lima.
  • To Answer Use su instead of restating el padre
    de Carlota.
  • Su padre es de Lima.
  • Her dad is from Lima.

Stem Changing Verbs O ?UE
  • In Spanish, regular verbs have regular stems and
    regular endings.
  • Example Hablar
  • hablo, hablas, habla,
  • hablamos, hablaís, hablan
  • Verbs with variations in their stems are called
    stem-changing verbs.

Stem Changing Verbs O ?UE
  • Recall the verb jugar, the u changes to ue.
  • In the verb dormir, the o changes to ue, in all
    forms except nosotros(as) and vosotros(as).

Stem Changing Verbs O ?UE
  • Other verbs that follow this pattern are
    almorzar, volver, llover.
  • Examples
  • Yo almuerzo al mediodía.
  • Ana vuelve el martes.
  • Marta y Carlos almuerzan en la escuela.
  • Nosotros volveremos el domingo. (No stem change.)

Stem Changing Verbs E ?IE
  • Some verbs show a vowel stem change from e to ie,
    such as empezar, merendar, entender, querer. The
    e changes to ie in all but the nosotros(as) and
    vosotros(as) forms.

Stem Changing Verbs E ?IE
  • Examples
  • Yo no entiendo inglés.
  • Ellas entienden francés.
  • La clase empieza a las tres de la tarde.
  • You can also use empieza a followed by an
    infinitive to say what you/others start to do.
  • Mi amiga empieza a trabajar a las siete.
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