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English Verb Tense Review

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Simple Past Tense Indicators Simple Past Tense Form Simple Past Tense ... It can often be used interchangeably with the simple past because these tenses do not differ ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: English Verb Tense Review


1
English Verb Tense Review
2
Simple Present Tense
3
Simple Present Tense is used
  • When you are referring to habitual
    actions--actions that you always or never do
  • He always comes late to class.
  • When you are referring to unchanging truths
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • When you are making general statements of fact
  • They are friendly.

4
Indicators
5
Form
6
Diagram--time on a line
NOW
X X X X X X X X X X
Past
Future
7
Simple Past Tense
8
The Simple Past Tense is Used
  • When an activity or situation began and ended at
    a particular time in the past--in other words,
    when an activity or situation is completed in the
    past
  • He was late to class yesterday.
  • We arrived three weeks ago.
  • To refer to past habits
  • She always wrote a letter to her mother on Sunday
    night.

9
Indicators
10
Form
11
Diagram--time on a line
NOW
X
Future
Past
12
The Present Perfect
  • A tense very commonly used in English to refer
    to the past!

13
The Present Perfect is Used
  • When an activity happened at an unspecified time
    in the past (before the present)
  • They have already seen that movie.
  • When an activity has been repeated several times
    before now
  • We have visited New York City many times.
  • When an activity was very recently completed
    before now
  • I have just eaten.
  • When an activity is not completed in the past
  • I have studied Spanish for many years.

14
Indicators
15
Form 1 have or has past participle
16
Form 2
17
Diagram 1--time on a line
NOW
X
?
Past
Future
18
Diagram 2--time on a line
NOW
X X X X X
Past
Future
19
Future Tense
20
The Future Tense is Used
  • To indicate that an activity or event will take
    place at a time in the future
  • When Im retired, Im going to travel.
  • Next week, we will work on punctuation.
  • He is going to get his car fixed tomorrow.
  • Our plane departs at noon next Friday.

21
Indicators
22
Form 1
23
Form 2
24
Diagram--Time on a Line
NOW
X
Past
Future
25
Past Perfect
  • This tense is not used a lot. It can often be
    used interchangeably with the simple past because
    these tenses do not differ much in meaning. The
    past perfect tense refers to activities that
    happened before a specific time in the past.
  • Example, He had visited her many times before she
    died.
  • Form had past participle

26
Future Perfect
  • The future perfect expresses the idea that an
    activity will occur before some future time.
  • Example She will have finished dinner before the
    game starts.
  • Form will have past participle

27
The Present Progressive Tense
  • Sometimes called the
  • Present Continuous Tense

28
The Present Progressive Tense is Used
  • When an activity is in progress now at the moment
    of speaking
  • When an activity began before now and continues
    into the future without stopping.
  • When an activity is temporary.
  • When an activity is developing and changing.

29
Examples
  • Im explaining something to the class right now.
  • Hes taking 16 credits this semester.
  • She is understanding English more and more
    because she moved into the dorm.

30
Indicators
31
Form
32
Diagram--time on a line
NOW
Past
Future
33
Past Progressive
  • This tense is used to refer to activities
    continuously in progress around a time in the
    past.
  • Example They were eating when the taxi arrived.
  • Form was or were verbing

34
Future Progressive Tense
  • This tense is used to refer to activities that
    will be continuously in progress around some
    future time.
  • Example We will be flying over New York at noon
    tomorrow.
  • Form will be verbing

35
Overview of the English Verb Tense/Aspect System
Simple Perfect (HAVE verben) Progress-ive (BE verbing) Perfect Progress- ive (HAVE BEEN verbing)
Present
Past
Future
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