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Title: Hazardous Materials Training


1
Hazardous Materials Training
  • January 2011

2
Part OneOverview of hazardous materials
regulations (HMR) training requirements
3
Regulatory bodies that govern the transportation
of hazardous materials
  • OSHA-concerned with protecting the employee
  • DOT-concerned with the safe transport of
    hazardous materials (via air, rail, roadway)
  • EPA (DEP)-concerned with protecting the
    environment
  • NFPA 58 concerned with bulk storage of Propane
  • All require written plans, formal training,
    emergency response procedures

4
OSHA or DOT Jurisdiction
  • OSH Act
  • Section 4(b)(1) of the OSH Act states that OSHA
    does not have jurisdiction over health and
    safety if another Federal agency exercises its
    statutory authority in this area.
  • U.S. courts interpret the OSH Act using the gap
    theory or hazard-by-hazard approach
  • If DOT has a regulation that would reduce or
    eliminate the workplace hazard, DOT regulations
    apply.
  • If DOT does not have a regulation to address the
    hazard, OSHA regulations apply.

5
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6
Overall objectives of todays training
presentation
  • Will focus primarily on DOT training but will
    also encompass the main requirements of OSHA
    EPA training requirements regarding the handling
    and transporting of hazardous materials
  • Help to prevent unplanned releases and accidents
    involving the hazardous materials transported by
    this operation
  • Provide information regarding the hazards of the
    chemicals/hazardous materials that you may be
    exposed in your workplace.

7
Scope of training
  • You should
  • Be familiar with the general provisions of the
    Hazardous materials regulations (HMR) part 172,
    subpart H (formerly HM126F)
  • Be able to recognize and identify the hazardous
    materials as they apply to your job function
  • Have knowledge of emergency response information,
    self protection measures, and accident prevention
    methods and procedures

8
DOT required Haz Mat employee training shall
include
  • General awareness/familiarization training
  • Function-specific training
  • Safety training
  • Driver training
  • Specific cargo tank training
  • Security awareness

9
Hazardous materials covered in this presentation
  • Propane
  • Diesel
  • Gasoline
  • Fuel oil ( 2, 6)
  • Kerosene

10
AREAS THAT WE WILL COVER RELEVANT TO THESE
PRODUCTS ARE
  • Hazardous materials table
  • North American Emergency guide book (guide sheet
    128)
  • Shipping papers
  • Placarding
  • Highway carrier requirements
  • Emergency response procedures

11
Areas we will not cover today
  • Packaging
  • Labeling
  • Transport by Air
  • Transport by Rail
  • Hazardous materials other than propane,oil,
    diesel, kerosene
  • These are topics that are included in the
    requirements but do not apply to your operation

12
HAZMAT EMPLOYEE (49 CFR 171.8)
A HAZMAT employee is a person employed by a
HAZMAT employer and who, in the course of
employment, directly affects hazardous materials
transportation safety. This term includes
owner-operators of a motor vehicle that
transports hazardous materials in commerce.
13
Hazmat Employee (includes owners)
  • Loads, unloads, or handles hazardous materials
  • Manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs,
    modifies, marks, or otherwise represents
    containers, drums or packaging as qualified for
    use in the transportation of hazardous materials
  • Prepares hazardous materials for transportation
  • Is responsible for safety of transporting
    hazardous materials
  • Operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous
    materials

14
HMR divides responsibility in three categories
  • The shipper
  • The carrier

  • The driver

15
The shipper(owner, driver, dispatcher, fleet
manager, office)
Person or company sending the hazmat from one
place to another Must assign proper shipping
name, hazard class, identification numbers,
correct type of packaging, correct label and
marking on placards, correct placards Properly
packages the hazmat Prepares shipping
papers Certifies on the shipping papers that
they have prepared shipment properly
16
The carrier(driver, fleet manager, company owner)
  • Transports shipment to destination
  • Ensures that product has been correctly named,
    labeled and marked for shipment
  • Reports any accidents or incidents to the proper
    government agency

17
The driver
  • Ensures that shipper has properly identified,
    marked and labeled product
  • Must refuse leaking shipments
  • Attaches appropriate placards
  • Delivers products safely obeys all rules and
    requirements
  • Keeps shipping papers in proper place

18
General Awareness
  • Must be familiar with the requirements of HM
    training requirements
  • Hazard communication training
  • Must be able to recognize HM
  • Must know hazards of chemical to which you may be
    exposed (hazard classes)
  • Must know what to do in the event of an emergency
    or unplanned release

19
Function-specific training
  • Must be familiar with the standards as they apply
    to your specific job
  • These will vary depending on the individuals
    specific job function

20
Safety training
  • Must include
  • Emergency response information required by
    subpart G of part 172
  • Measures to protect the employee from the hazards
    associated with the HazMat to which they may be
    exposed in the work place, including specific
    measures the hazmat employer has implemented to
    protect employees from exposure
  • Methods procedures for avoiding accidents
    involving hazardous materials

21
Driver training
  • Training must include the following subjects
  • Pre-trip inspection
  • Use of vehicle controls and equipment, including
    operation of emergency equipment
  • Operation of vehicle
  • Turning, backing,braking, parking,handling,
    effects of braking, dangers of maneuvering
    through curves, effects of speed, dangers of
    weather road conditions, and high center of
    gravity
  • Procedures for maneuvering tunnels, bridges and
    railroad crossings
  • Requirements pertaining to attendance of
    vehicles, parking, smoking routing and incident
    reporting
  • Loading and unloading procedures
  • Packaging and securing load

22
Operators of Cargo Tanks
  • Training for cargo tank drivers must include
  • Operation of emergency control features of the
    cargo tank
  • Special handling characteristics
  • High center of gravity, fluid-load subject to
    surge, effects of fluid-load surge on braking,
    characteristic differences in stability among
    baffled, un-baffled and multi-compartmented
    tanks, effects of partial loads on vehicle
    stability
  • Loading unloading procedures
  • Properties and hazards of the materials
    transported
  • Retest and inspection requirements for cargo
    tanks.

23
QUESTIONS
24
END PART ONE5 MINUTE BREAK
25
Part TwoGeneral Familiarization
26
Hazardous Materials
  • Materials that are capable of posing an
    unreasonable risk to health, safety, property
    when transported in commerce.
  • A material is considered to hazardous if it
  • Meets one or more hazard class definitions
  • Is a hazardous substance, hazardous waste, marine
    pollutant, or elevated-temperature material.

27
Hazardous Materials Table
  • Lists and classifies those materials which the
    DOT has designated as hazardous materials for
    purposes of transportation and prescribes the
    requirements for shipping papers, package
    marking, labeling, and transport vehicle
    placarding applicable to the shipment and
    transportation of those hazardous materials.

28
The Hazardous Materials Table
29
The Hazardous Materials Table
  • Lists materials alphabetically by proper shipping
    name
  • Consists of 10 major headings
  • Symbols
  • HM descriptions proper shipping names
  • Hazard class or division
  • Identification numbers
  • Packaging group assigned to the material
  • Label codes
  • Special provisions
  • Packaging
  • Quantity limitations
  • Vessel Stowage

30
Symbols
  • - Fixes(means you cant change it) the proper
    shipping name, hazard class or division and
    packing group in columns 2, 3 5
  • A means that the material is only regulated if
    offered for and/or transported by air, unless the
    material is a hazardous substance or hazardous
    waste. In that case, its regulated in all
    modes of transportation see definitions
  • D- Identifies proper shipping names describing
    materials for domestic transportation.
  • G-identifies n.o.s. and generic proper shipping
    names that require the addition of one or more
    technical names
  • I-identifies proper shipping names describing
    materials for international transportation
  • W-means material is regulated only if transported
    by water unless the material is a hazardous
    substance or hazardous waste

31
Nine hazard classes
  • Class 1 - Explosives
  • Class 2 - Gases
  • Class 3 - Flammable liquids
  • Class 4 - Flammable solids
  • Class 5 - Oxidizing substances and Organic
    Peroxides
  • Class 6 - Poisons/Toxic Materials
  • Class 7 - Radioactive materials
  • Class 8 - Corrosive materials
  • Class 9 - Miscellaneous hazardous materials

32
Definitions of Hazard classes
  • Review handout 1

33
Products that may be carried by your company
  • Propane
  • Class 2
  • 2 Fuel, diesel, kerosene, gasoline
  • Class 3

34
Activity
  • Look up propane or fuel oil in the table

35
Packing groups
  • PG I - great danger
  • PG II - medium danger
  • PG III - minor

36
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37
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38
Shipping papers
  • Must include
  • Proper shipping name
  • Hazard class
  • Identification number
  • Total quantity of materials being shipped

39
When transporting Empty Cargo Tanks
  • Shipping papers are still required if a cargo
    tank has been emptied, but not cleaned of the
    hazardous residue.
  • (For Propane dealers) When transporting ASME
    tanks with a capacity of 125 gallons or greater
    to or from a customers location, they must not
    contain more than 5 propane during transport.

40
Shipping papers
  • May be in any form or format as long as it
    contains the information required by the HMR in
    the correct sequence
  • Must contain basic description any additional
    descriptions or entries
  • Must be legible printed in English
  • Must accurately communicate the hazards of the
    materials being transported
  • Most must be certified but certification is not
    required for materials transported by cargo tank

41
Shipping papers
  • Must be readily available visible to a person
    entering the drivers compartment
  • Must be clearly distinguishable
  • Must be within immediate reach of the driver
    while restrained by lap belt
  • When the driver is not in vehicle must be in
    holder on inside of door or on drivers seat

42
24-hour Emergency Response number
  • Required on all shipping papers
  • Must be monitored at all times while the material
    is in transportation, including storage
    incidental to transportation
  • Contact person must be capable of providing
    emergency response incident mitigation
    information immediately, upon request

43
Emergency Response Information
  • The shipper must also provide emergency response
    information for each hazardous material listed on
    the shipping paper

44
Emergency Response Information
  • Information about hazardous materials the
    necessary immediate precautions actions to take
    in the event of a spill or leak are required
  • Must carry in the same manner as the shipping
    papers

45
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46
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47
North American Emergency Guidebook-Guide Sheet 128
48
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49
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50
Placards
  • There are two placarding tables
  • When determining which placards must be used and
    what options are available, both placarding
    tables must be considered

51
Placards
  • Must clearly communicate the hazard of the
    material being transported
  • Must have no visual competition
  • Must be readily visible from the direction it
    faces
  • Be on all four sides of vehicle (each side and
    each end)
  • placed so words are level and read from left to
    right
  • Must be located clear of appurtenances and
    devices, away from dirt and water at least
    three inches away from any other markings
  • Words and/or numbers must be displayed
    horizontally

52
Placard modifications
  • The word gasoline may be used in place of the
    word flammable on cargo tank transporting
    gasoline
  • Fuel oil (in cargo tank) may be used in place of
    word combustible

53
Placard
  • Placarding is responsibility of shipper and
    carrier
  • (that includes driver).
  • If the required placard is missing, or damaged,
    no matter what the reason, the shipment must not
    be transported.

54
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55
End Part Two10 Minute Break
56
  • Part Three
  • Carriage by Highway

57
HMR, part 177Carriage by Public Highway
  • Requires motor carriers to train employees in the
    prescribed regulations
  • Additional specific training is required for
    operators of cargo tanks or vehicles with a
    portable tank with capacity of 1,000 gallons or
    more

58
Motor Carriers
  • Must also comply with the Federal Motor Carrier
    Safety Regulations (FMCSR) refer to driver
    qualifications, hours of service, equipment
    standards and operational requirements.
  • US DOT reps may inspect all motor carrier
    records, equipment, packaging containers --
    that may affect the safe transportation of
    hazardous materials

59
Loading and unloading (HMR 177.834)
  • Attendance requirements
  • A cargo tank must be attended by a qualified
    person at all times when it is being loaded
  • The person who is responsible for loading the
    cargo tank is also responsible for ensuring that
    is so attended

60
Loading Unloading
  • A person attends the loading or unloading of a
    cargo tank if, throughout the process
  • He/she is awake/alert
  • Has unobstructed view of the cargo tank
  • Is within 25 feet of the cargo tank
  • Knows the hazards of the material

61
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62
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63
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64
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65
Safety Measures
  • No smoking on or near vehicle
  • No spark producing tools
  • Use caution with tools so as not to damage
    packages, containers, or their closures
  • Do not load flammable materials in a cargo space
    that has a heater unit

66
Driver Training/Cargo Tank Trucks
67
Pre-Trip Inspection
  • No motor vehicle shall be driven unless the
    driver thereof shall have satisfied himself that
    the following parts accessories are in good
    working order, nor shall any driver fail to use
    or make use of such parts and accessories.
    (FMCSR part 392.7)

68
Pre-Trip Inspection
  • Critical inspection items include
  • Service brakes
  • Parking brake
  • Steering mechanism
  • Lighting devices reflectors
  • Tires
  • Horn
  • Windshield
  • Rear-vision mirror or mirrors
  • Coupling devices

69
7- Step Pre-Trip Inspection procedure
  • Vehicle overview
  • Check engine compartment
  • Start engine inspect inside the cab
  • Turn off engine check lights
  • Do walk around inspection
  • Check signal lights
  • Start engine check brake system

70
Product weight
  • Prior to loading vehicle, you must know
  • Amount the liquid will expand
  • Weight of liquid per gallon
  • Legal weight limits

71
Outage
  • The space you leave for expansion is called
    Outage
  • You must know the outage requirements of each
    product you haul

72
Cargo tanks
  • High center of gravity
  • subject to surge
  • Prone to roll over on curves, ramps and during
    evasive movements

73
3 Types of tanks
  • Bulkhead
  • Baffled
  • Un-baffled or smooth bore

74
Bulkheads
  • Solid steel divider within the tank which creates
    separate compartments

75
Baffles
  • Dividers with holes in them, designed to slow
    down the front-to-back surge. They do not have
    much effect on side-to-side surge

76
SURGE The movement of the liquid from the front
to the back, and from side to side.
  • Determined by two major factors
  • Amount of liquid in the tank
  • Design of the tank

77
Countermeasures for dealing with Surge
  • Maintain 12 to 15 second eye lead time Always
    slow down before entering curves - posted limit
    is for cars not tankers
  • Accelerate gently through the curve
  • Avoid sudden stops whenever possible by
    maintaining a good cushion of safety around the
    vehicle.

78
Three factors that can cause a skid
  • Oversteering
  • Overbraking

  • Overacceleration

79
Emergency maneuvers
  • It is almost always better to steer to avoid an
    emergency than to brake to avoid one
  • Dont brake while making an emergency turning
    maneuver.
  • If you must brake, use stab or controlled braking
  • When using stab braking, release the brakes as
    soon as the wheels lock up, and then apply the
    brakes hard again
  • If the steering tires lock up, you will continue
    straight regardless of how you turn the wheel
  • If you must leave the roadway, slow to 20 mph, if
    possible, before applying brakes

80
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81
  • Part Four
  • Spill prevention and emergency response
    procedures action plans

82
Objectives for this section
  • Review OSHA HAZWOPPER requirements
  • Review the emergency operating procedure
    requirements
  • Review some emergency operating procedures
  • Review spill prevention measures

83
OSHA first responder awareness level
  • First responders are individuals who are likely
    to witness or discover a hazardous material
    release have
  • an understanding or what hazardous chemicals
    are risk associated
  • with them
  • an understanding of potential outcomes of HM
    emergency
  • the ability to identify the hazardous
    materials
  • understanding the role of first responder in
    the emergency response
  • plan, including site security control
  • ability to realize need for additional
    resources make appropriate
  • notification to communication center

84
First Responders Operations level
  • Knowledge of basic hazard risk assessment
    techniques
  • Know how to select use proper personal
    protective equipment provided
  • Has understanding of basic hazardous materials
    terms
  • Knows how to perform basic control, containment
    and/or confinement (dam, dike, divert)
  • Knows basic decontamination procedures
  • Understands relevant SOP termination procedures

85
Basic terms
  • Flammable liquid-any liquid that has a flash
    point 140F or less
  • Flash point-temperature where the liquid will
    ignite, detonate, explode

86
North American Emergency guidebook
  • Contains information on hazardous materials
  • Accepted by emergency response information
  • Driver should have individual guide sheets or
    should know which guide sheets apply to the
    product being carried
  • In the event of accident, if possible take guide
    sheet shipping papers and get away from vehicle
  • Provide ER info to first responders

87
North Americanemergency guide sheets provide
info in the following areas
  • Emergency response
  • Fire
  • Spill or leak
  • First aid
  • Potential hazards
  • Fire or explosion
  • Health
  • Public safety
  • Protective clothing
  • Evacuation
  • Fire

88
North American emergency guidebook-guide sheets
128 (Petroleum Oil) 115 ( Propane)
89
Potential hazards of petroleum products
Guide Sheet 128
  • ltgtFIRE OR EXPLOSION HIGHLY FLAMMABLE Will be
    easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
  • Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air.
    Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash
    back.
  • Most vapors are heavier than air. They will
    spread along ground and collect in low or
    confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks).
  • Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in
    sewers.
  • Those substances designated with a "P" may
    polymerize explosively when heated or involved in
    a fire.
  • Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion
    hazard.
  • Containers may explode when heated.
  • Many liquids are lighter than water.
  • Substance may be transported hot.

90
Potential hazards of Propane-Guide Sheet 115
  • ltgtFIRE OR EXPLOSION EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE.
  • Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or
    flames.
  • Will form explosive mixtures with air.
  • Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier
    than air and spread
  • along ground.
  • Vapors may travel to source of ignition and
    flash back.
  • Containers may explode when heated.
  • Ruptured cylinders may rocket.

91
Health Hazards of petroleum products
92
Protective measures
93
Emergency Operating Procedure requirements
  • A comprehensive written emergency operating
    procedure must be developed for all transfer
    operations and hazmat employees who perform
    unloading functions must be trained in its
    provisions.
  • The emergency operating procedure must be
    prominently displayed in or on the cargo tank
    motor vehicle

94
Emergency responses for leaks during transit
  • If the problem is before the nozzle, then SHUT
    OFF THE NOZZLE.
  • If the problem is with the nozzle, then PUSH THE
    STOP BUTTON at the meter.
  • If the problem is with the tank, then USE
    CONTAINMENT MEASURES TO STOP OR SLOW THE LEAK,
    THEN CALL FOR HELP.
  • If the truck is on the roadway, try and pull OUT
    OF THE FLOW OF TRAFFIC but DO NOT drive beyond
    the nearest point at which safe removal of the
    fuel can be made.
  • Warn nearby person of fire hazard. Extinguish
    nearby open flames. DO NOT SMOKE!
  • Report the spill to your company emergency
    response coordinator

95
Emergency response procedures in transit
  • If possible
  • Dam, Dike or Divert spilled product, keep it away
    from storm or sewer drains, catch basins and
    waterways.
  • Contain product using booms, pigs, absorbent pads
    or gravel/soil embankments.
  • Secure site until remediation and emergency
    response personnel arrive on the scene.
  • However, never take action unless you have been
    properly trained (awareness level and operators
    level) and directed by your employer to do so.

96
If a spill occurs during delivery or service call
  • Shut off the supply
  • Look around for sump pumps, drains or holes ,or
    cracks in floors and foundation-keep oil away
    from these areas
  • Contain spill by using oil pads, booms or speedy
    dry
  • Use plugs or patch on tanks if possible
  • Create a vacuum in tank by using a fill cap or
    plastic bag and placing over fill.
  • Say as little as possible to homeowners, never
    admit liability!

97
REPORT ALL SPILLS
  • If spill happens during normal business hours
    report to office
  • If after hours, call SPLASH hotline direct

98
Be prepared to tell them
  • Extent of spill-quantity
  • Location of the spill
  • Address
  • Inside home, outside home, on the road
  • When it happened
  • If in the home, has the homeowner been notified
  • If on the road, have any emergency responders
    arrived on the scene
  • Is the product contained or not

99
Spill prevention while loading or unloading (
delivering product)
100
Most common spill claims
  • Tank over-pressurization
  • blocked or partially blocked vent
  • pumping too fast for vent pipe size
  • Misdelivery
  • disconnected fill pipe
  • defective tank
  • wrong address
  • Leaking hoses

101
Recommended spill prevention measures
  • Always employ No Whistle-No fill policy
  • Double check address location of fill
  • NEVER LEAVE THE FILL PIPE during delivery! Stay
    alert.
  • Pre-inspect new customers whenever possible
  • Use reasonable pumping rates-no greater than
    70gpm
  • Check hoses for wear on regular basis
  • Pull hose from shoulder, never drag nozzle on
    ground
  • If you suspect anything is wrong. STOP the
    delivery and call dispatch

102
Safety really is No accident!
  • Famous last words
  • Its just common sense
  • That could never happen to me
  • Its not my faultthe other guy should have
    removed that disconnected fill
  • But I had the right of way
  • Ive been doing it this way for years!

103
Any final questions?
104
Thank you!
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