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Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders

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Title: Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality Disorders


1
Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and Personality
Disorders
  • Module 29

2
Dissociative Disorders Types
  • Disorders in which the sense of self has become
    separated (dissociated) from previous memories,
    thoughts, or feelings
  • Three main types
  • Dissociative Amnesia
  • Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder

3
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4
Dissociative Dissociative
Amnesia Fugue
  • A dissociative disorder characterized by loss of
    memory in reaction to a traumatic event
  • Example soldiers in combat
  • A Dissociative disorder characterized by loss of
    identity and travel to a new location
  • The person may develop a new identity and begin a
    new life.

5
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • A rare and controversial dissociative disorder in
    which an individual experiences two or more
    distinct and alternating personalities
  • Formerly called multiple personalities
  • Personalities can be different ages, sex, and
    self perception of characteristics
  • EX Hershel Walker

6
Schizophrenia
  • A group of severe disorders characterized by
    disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed
    perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and
    actions
  • Is not one disorder but a family of disorders
  • Is not split personality
  • Occurs in about 1 of the population

7
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
  • Symptoms of schizophrenia include
  • Delusions (false beliefs)
  • Hallucinations (false perceptions)
  • Inappropriate emotions or behaviors

8
Delusions
  • False beliefs of schizophrenia and other serious
    psychological disorders
  • Four major types of delusions
  • Grandeur
  • Persecution
  • Sin or guilt
  • Influence

9
4 Types of Delusions
  • Grandeur
  • False beliefs that a person is more important
    than they really are
  • Patients may believe they are a famous person
    (e.g. Napoleon)
  • Sin or guilt
  • False beliefs that the person is responsible for
    some misfortune
  • Persecution
  • False beliefs that people are out to get the
    person
  • Believe they are being followed, the phone is
    wiretapped, etc.
  • Influence
  • False beliefs of being controlled by outside
    forces

10
Hallucinations
  • False perceptions of schizophrenia or other
    serious psychological disorders
  • Types of hallucinations
  • Auditory (hearing voices)
  • Visual (seeing things)
  • Tactile (feeling skin sensations)
  • Can also have distorted smell and taste

11
Inappropriate Emotions/Behaviors
  • Flat affect showing little or no emotional
    response
  • Word salad nonsense talk
  • Waxy flexibility the persons arms and legs
    will remain in place after being moved there

12
Types of Schizophrenia
13
Paranoid CatatonicSchizophrenia Schizophrenia
  • Characterized by delusions, especially grandeur
    and persecution.
  • Auditory and other hallucinations support the
    delusions.
  • Characterized by variations in voluntary movement
  • Catatonic excitement
  • Rapid movements with delusions and hallucinations
  • Catatonic stupor
  • Little or no activity, movement, or speech (waxy
    flexibility)

14
Disorganized Undifferentiated
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia
  • Characterized by bizarre behavior, delusions, and
    hallucinations.
  • Very disturbed thought and language (word salad)
  • Symptoms that dont clearly fit into one of the
    other types of schizophrenia but still show clear
    symptoms of schizophrenia

15
Schizophrenia DisordersCauses
  • Module 29 Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and
    Personality Disorders

16
Biological Factors - Genetics
  • Schizophrenia tends to run in families.
  • Genetics appears to produce a predisposition
    (increased likelihood) to develop schizophrenia.

17
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18
Biological Factors Brain Structure
  • Brain structure of those with schizophrenia is
    different than the normal brain
  • Those with schizophrenia have smaller amounts of
    brain tissue and larger fluid filled spaces.
  • The thalamus is smaller in those with
    schizophrenia.

19
Biological Factors Brain Function
  • The brain of those with schizophrenia operates
    differently than the normal brain.
  • The frontal lobes show less activity.
  • Those with schizophrenia have a larger number of
    receptor sites for the neurotransmitter dopamine.

20
Biological Factors Prenatal Viruses
  • A viral infection during the middle of pregnancy
    may increase schizophrenia risk.

21
Psychological Factors
  • Two main areas
  • Stress
  • Disturbed family
  • Its unclear whether these are causes or
    consequences of schizophrenia.

22
Personality Disorders
  • Module 29 Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and
    Personality Disorders

23
Personality Disorders
  • Psychological disorders characterized by
    inflexible and lasting behavior patterns that
    disrupt social functioning
  • Divided into three clusters
  • Related to anxiety
  • With odd and eccentric behaviors
  • With dramatic or impulsive behaviors

24
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25
Personality Disorders Related to Anxiety
  • Module 29 Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and
    Personality Disorders

26
Avoidant Dependent Personality Disorder
Personal. Dis.
  • So sensitive about being rejected that personal
    relationships become difficult
  • Behave in clingy, submissive ways and displays a
    strong need to have others take care of them

27
Personality Disorders with Odd or Eccentric
Behaviors
  • Module 29 Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and
    Personality Disorders

28
Paranoid Schizoid Personality
Disorder Personal. Dis.
  • Shows deep distrust of other people, which gets
    in the way of personal relationships
  • Different than paranoid schizophrenia
  • Is detached from social relationships
  • Are true hermits, preferring life alone and
    avoiding intimate interactions at all costs

29
Personality Disorders with Dramatic or Impulsive
Behaviors
  • Module 29 Dissociative, Schizophrenia, and
    Personality Disorders

30
Borderline Antisocial Personality
Disorder Personal. Dis.
  • Exhibit instability of emotions, self-image,
    behavior, and relationships
  • Shows absolutely no concern for the rights or
    feelings of other people
  • Has no conscience and shows no remorse
  • Also known as psychopathic or sociopathic
    personality disorder

31
Are YOU A Psychopath
  • This is a story about a girl.
  • While at the funeral of her own mother, she met a
    guy whom she did not know. She thought this guy
    was amazing, so much the dream guy that she was
    searching for that she fell in love with him
    immediately. However, she never asked for his
    name or number and afterward could not find
    anyone who knew who he was.
  • A few days later the girl killed her own sister.
  • Question Why did she kill her sister?
  • First, find your own answer to this question.

32
Answer
  • Answer She reasoned that if the guy appeared at
    her mother's funeral, then he might appear
    another family funeral.
  • If you answered this correctly, you think like a
    psychopath. This was a test by a famous American
    psychologist used to test if one has the same
    mentality as a killer. Many arrested serial
    killers took part in this test and answered
    correctly.
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