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Political Science

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Title: Political Science


1
Political Science
  • Unit 2 The Constitution

2
Key Learning
  • Each piece of the basic structure of the
    Constitution serves a specific function, as do
    the major principles on which the Constitution
    was founded. The Constitution divides the US
    government in to three separate branches
    Judicial, Legislative and Executive and
    provides the framework for their basic functions.
    The Constitution can be changed via the amendment
    process, a variety of informal changes, or court
    decisions. The Amendments to the Constitution
    illustrate not only the changing nature of
    democracy, but also the changing nature of
    American society as a whole.

3
Unit Essential Question
  • How does the Constitution, in both its original
    and changing form, illustrate democracy in the
    past and present of the United States?
  • Pre-Test
  • Homework
  • Honors Read Chapter 3 Section 1 Chapter 4
    Fix Test
  • CP Roots of Democracy (ON WEBSITE), Complete
    Sum it up Pages 1-3 ONLY Fix Test

4
Class Work
  • Constitution Matching Game
  • With a partner match the different parts of the
    constitution

5
Lesson 1
  • Constitutional Principles and Structure

Lesson Essential Question 1
  • What is the structure of the US Constitution?
  • How do the six underlying principles of the
    Constitution form the foundation of the US
    Government?

6
Vocabulary
  • Article
  • Jurisdiction
  • Supremacy clause
  • Amendments
  • Popular sovereignty
  • Federalism
  • Separation of powers
  • Checks and balances
  • Veto
  • Judicial review

7
What would happen if you tried to play a football
game without rules?
  • Work with a partner to answer the question above
  • Write down your answer in your class notes
    section of your notebook
  • Be prepared to share with class

Why might the Constitution be considered a rule
book for the government? Why is it important
that Americans understand the Constitution?
8
Poll What do you think?
  • Is it more fair for every state to have the
    same amount of power or for states with more
    people to have more power?
  • All states should have the same power
  • Larger states should have more power
  • Why?

9
Ta-Da! Presenting The Constitution!
Finally!
10
Getting a Constitution
VIDEO
11
Structure of the US Constitution
  • What are the three parts of the Constitution?
  • Preamble
  • Seven Articles
  • Amendments

12
Preamble
  • Introduction to why Constitution was written
  • 6 goals listed
  • Form more perfect Union
  • Establish justice
  • Ensure domestic tranquility
  • Provide for the common defense
  • Promote the general welfare
  • Secure the blessings of liberty

We the people of the United States
13
Seven Articles
  • Video Exploring the Articles of the
    Constitution

14
Video Review Questions
  • What was the first constitution of the United
    States?
  • What problems did the first document have?
  • Where was the Constitution written?

15
Seven Articles
  • Article I Legislative Branch
  • Article II Executive Branch
  • Article III Judicial Branch
  • Article IV Relationship among states and to
    national government
  • Article V Amendment Process
  • Article VI Supremacy Clause
  • Article VII Ratification

16
Article 1 Legislative Branch
  • Section 1 Created US Congress
  • Section 2 3 House of Representatives and
    Senate
  • Other sections procedures for making laws,
    types of laws that can be passed, specifies
    powers Congress does not have
  • Video The Legislative Branch

17
Video Review Questions
  • What does Article I set up?
  • What power does only Congress have?
  • Which part of Congress begins the process for
    creating a new law?
  • What determined the number of people each state
    can send to Congress?
  • How many representatives are in the House?
    Senate?

18
Article II Executive Branch
  • Section I Establishes President
  • Other sections powers and duties of President,
    qualifications for President, procedures for
    electing President, provide for a Vice President
  • Video Executive Branch

19
Video Review Questions
  • What is the Executive Power? Why is it so vague?

20
Article III Judicial Branch
  • Section 1 Supreme Court is head of Judicial
    branch
  • Gives national government power to create lower
    federal courts
  • Section 2 authority of Supreme Court and
    federal courts
  • Section 3 treason against US
  • Video The Judicial Branch

21
Video Review Questions
  • What power does the Supreme Court have over any
    laws?
  • What is the primary job of the Supreme Court?
  • How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
  • What is treason?

22
Article IV
  • Explains relationship of states to each other and
    to the national government
  • Requires all states to give any citizens rights
  • Sets up procedures for adding new states
  • National government will protect states against
    invasion or domestic violence

23
Article V
  • Amendment Process
  • Video Amendment Process

24
Video Review Questions
  • What does amendment mean?
  • What are the two phases to the amendment process?
  • Whose job is it to ratify an amendment?
  • What amendment is the only one to be repealed?

25
Article VI
  • Supremacy Clause Constitution is supreme law of
    land
  • Video Supremacy Clause

26
Video Review Questions
  • What do every official in state or national
    government swear to uphold and protect?
  • Explain uniformity of law.

27
Article VII
  • Ratification of Constitution
  • 9 States
  • Video Ratification

28
Video Review Questions
  • How many of the original 13 colonies had ratified
    the Constitution in the first year?
  • Who was our first President?
  • What addition to the Constitution was added
    because some believed it didnt go far enough to
    protect the people?

29
Amendments
  • Allows for document to remain responsive to
    changing needs of nation
  • How many Amendments are there?
  • 27
  • What are the first 10 Amendments called?
  • Bill of Rights
  • Video - Amendments

30
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Choose the correct words
  • 1. Congress can make/carry out laws but cannot
    make/carry out laws.

31
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Choose the correct words
  • Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.
  • The President can make/carry out laws but cannot
    make/carry out laws.

32
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Choose the correct words
  • Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.
  • The President can carry out laws but cannot make
    laws.
  • The courts cannot make/carry out or make/carry
    out laws, but they can interpret what laws mean.

33
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Choose the correct words
  • Congress can make laws but cannot carry out laws.
  • The President can carry out laws but cannot make
    laws.
  • The courts cannot make or carry out laws, but
    they can interpret what laws mean.

34
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • Laws are made by the _____ branch.
  • A B
  • executive legislative

35
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • Laws are made by the _____ branch.
  • A B
  • executive legislative

36
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 2. States must treat people from other states
    _______.
  • A B
  • the same differently

37
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 2. States must treat people from other states
    _______.
  • A B
  • the same differently

38
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 3. Laws passed by Congress are _____ to state
    laws.
  • A B
  • superior inferior

39
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 3. Laws passed by Congress are _____ to state
    laws.
  • A B
  • superior inferior

40
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 4. Congress has _______.
  • A B
  • one chamber two chambers

41
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 4. Congress has _______.
  • A B
  • one chamber two chambers

42
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 5. Each state gets two representatives (votes) in
    the _______.
  • A B
  • House of Senate
  • Representatives

43
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 5. Each state gets two representatives (votes) in
    the _______.
  • A B
  • House of Senate
  • Representatives

44
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 6. In the House of Representatives, the number of
    representatives each state gets is based on its
    _______.
  • A B
  • Population Taxes

45
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 6. In the House of Representatives, the number of
    representatives each state gets is based on its
    _______.
  • A B
  • Population Taxes

46
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 7. The President is the head of the ____ branch.
  • A B
  • Legislative Executive

47
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 7. The President is the head of the ____ branch.
  • A B
  • Legislative Executive

48
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 8. The executive branch ______ laws.
  • A B
  • Carries out Interprets

49
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 8. The executive branch ______ laws.
  • A B
  • Carries out Interprets

50
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 9. One goal of the Constitution is to establish
    ______.
  • A B
  • Justice Anarchy

51
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 9. One goal of the Constitution is to establish
    ______.
  • A B
  • Justice Anarchy

52
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 10. The articles of the Constitution dont
  • say anything about _____.
  • A B
  • Rights Laws

53
Mini Quiz 1The Constitution
  • Under the Constitution
  • 10. The articles of the Constitution dont
  • say anything about _____.
  • A B
  • Rights Laws

54
CP Class Work
  • Complete
  • Worksheet Presenting.The Constitution
  • Worksheet Government Crossword

55
Major Principles of Constitution
  • 6 Major Principles
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • Federalism
  • Separation of Powers
  • Checks and Balances
  • Judicial Review
  • Limited Government

56
Popular Sovereignty
  • Rule by the people

57
Federalism
  • Basic structure of American government
  • NOT FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
  • Constitution set up federal system
  • Power is divided between national and state
    governments
  • Why do you think the Founding Fathers chose this
    system of government over a unitary system?

58
Separation of Powers
  • 3 branches legislative, executive judicial
  • Each branch has own responsibilities
  • Set up to prevent any branch from gaining too
    much power

59
Checks and Balances
  • Each branch as some control on the others

60
Judicial Review
  • Power to declare laws and actions of local, state
    or national governments unconstitutional
  • All federal courts have power
  • Supreme Court is final authority
  • Marbury v. Madison (1803)

VIDEO
61
Video Review Questions
  • What is Judicial Review?
  • What is the background for the case of Marbury
    vs. Madison?
  • What is the difference between Article III and
    the first 2 Articles?
  • Who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
    during the Marbury v. Madison trial?

62
Limited Government
  • Constitution limits power of governments
  • Restricts actions of government by specifically
    listing its powers and describing powers it does
    not have

63
Class work
  • CP
  • WHATS FOR LUNCH?
  • Honors
  • Aristotle
  • WHATS FOR LUNCH?

64
Exit Ticket
  • The Constitution was established by our Founding
    Fathers to be a living, breathing document. Is
    this still true today? Explain.

Homework
  • Honors 2 Study for Quiz Read CH 13 Sections
    1-3
  • CP 2 Study for Quiz Print and Complete - Why
    do we have a House and Senate? PAGE ONE ONLY

65
QUIZ
  • Basics of the US Constitution

66
Lesson 2a
  • Three Branches of Government - Congress

Lesson Essential Question 2a
  • What specific powers are granted to the
    Legislative branch?
  • How do the powers that the three branches share
    create conflict between the Legislative, Judicial
    and Executive bodies?

67
Vocabulary
  • Expressed powers
  • Enumerated powers
  • Elastic clause
  • Federal bureaucracy

68
Class Representative
  • With a partner complete the following
  • Pick someone from class who you believe would
    best represent you and your interests
  • Make a list of at least 5 reasons why he or she
    would make a good representative
  • Be prepared to share with class

69
Class Representative
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

70
Quick Facts about Legislative Branch
  • What other name does the legislative branch go
    by?
  • How many groups are there within this branch?
    What are they called?
  • How many representatives are there in this
    branch?
  • What is their main job?

71
Quick Facts about Legislative Branch
  • What other name does the legislative branch go
    by? Congress
  • How many groups are there within this branch?
    What are they called?
  • How many representatives are there in this
    branch?
  • What is their main job?

72
Quick Facts about Legislative Branch
  • What other name does the legislative branch go
    by? Congress
  • How many groups are there within this branch?
    What are they called?
  • 2 Senate, House of Representatives
  • How many representatives are there in this
    branch?
  • What is their main job?

73
Quick Facts about Legislative Branch
  • What other name does the legislative branch go
    by? Congress
  • How many groups are there within this branch?
    What are they called?
  • 2 Senate, House of Representatives
  • How many representatives are there in this
    branch? Senate 100, House 435
  • What is their main job?

74
Quick Facts about Legislative Branch
  • What other name does the legislative branch go
    by? Congress
  • How many groups are there within this branch?
    What are they called?
  • 2 Senate, House of Representatives
  • How many representatives are there in this
    branch? Senate 100, House 435
  • What is their main job? Make the laws

75
Congressional Sessions
  • Start on Jan 3rd of odd years and last two years
  • Example 101st Congress began in Jan 1989 102nd
    began in Jan 1991
  • Term of Congress divided into 2 sessions
  • Lasts one year remain in session until vote to
    adjourn
  • President may recall for special session

76
Membership of Congress
  • House of Rep
  • Qualifications
  • 25 yrs old, citizen of US for 7 years
  • Term of Office
  • 2 years
  • elections held in November of even years
  • House is reelected every 2 years
  • s in the House - 435
  • Population
  • National census
  • Senate
  • Qualifications
  • 30 yrs old, citizen of US for 9 years
  • Term of Office
  • 6 years
  • elections held in November of even years
  • 1/3 of senate runs for reelection every 2 years
  • s in the Senate 100
  • 2 per state

Why are the sizes of the 2 groups different?
77
Membership of Congress
  • Privileges
  • Salary
  • Set own salaries and raises
  • 1789 both houses 6 per day
  • 1991 yearly salary of 125,100
  • Today yearly salary of 174,000
  • Benefits
  • Income tax reduction, allowances, pensions
  • Protections
  • Free from arrest except treason, felony and
    breach of the peace
  • Cannot be sued during congressional sessions

78
Class work
  • Separation of Powers
  • 2 Readings to pick from
  • Who has power to declare war?
  • Does US involvement in Libya violate the War
    Powers Act?

79
Homework
  • CP 3 Read Powers of Congress
  • Honors 3 Read Chapter 14

80
What do you know?
  • Congress has many rights, responsibilities and
    powers.
  • Work with a partner and make a list of at least 5
    rights, responsibilities or powers that a member
    of Congress has.
  • Be prepared to share with the class

81
List of 5 R,R or P
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

82
Todays Lesson
  • Congresss powers
  • Voting in Congress More Than Yea or Nay

83
Homework
  • CP 4 Read How a Bill becomes a Law
  • Honors 4 Read Chapter 15 Sections 1 3

84
What do you know?
  • Bills become laws through a series of steps
    involving our government. What do you know about
    our law making process?
  • Work with a partner and come up with a list of 5
    aspects of the law making process.
  • Be prepared to share with class

85
Law Making Process
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

86
Nuts and Bolts of Law making Process
  • Step 1 Bill is introduced in either House or
    Senate
  • Then sent to chambers Committee(s)
  • Step 2 Committee consideration
  • Options
  • Kill Bill
  • Bill is favorable
  • Favorable with amendments
  • Unfavorable

87
Nuts and Bolts of Law making Process
  • Step 3 First Reading
  • Bills with favorable vote are read by title only
    on floor of chamber
  • Step 4 Second Reading to Rules Committee
  • Decides to send bill back or move on for vote by
    full chamber

88
Nuts and Bolts of Law making Process
  • Step 5 Third Reading Passage
  • Legislator makes motion to have bill placed upon
    its passage
  • Open debate
  • Bill can be amended on floor
  • Can speak for as long as needed
  • 3 hours can read from newspaper, phone book,
    etc
  • To pass
  • Regular bill 2/5 of Congress (40 House 17
    Senate) and by majority of members present and
    voting
  • Emergency bill approved by 51 House 20 Senate

89
Nuts and Bolts of Law making Process
  • Step 6 On to other chamber
  • Follow steps 2-5
  • Step 7 Concurrence or conference
  • Both chambers must agree on bill
  • Step 8 Enrollment
  • Final check of bill and then sent to President
  • Step 9 To the President
  • Sign bill into law or veto it

90
Nuts and Bolts of Law making Process
  • Step 10 Back to Congress
  • Bill may pass over Presidents veto with a 2/3
    favorable vote

91
Lets Pass a Bill
  • Voting in Congress Its More Than Just Yea or
    Nay Day 2 Try Your Hand!

92
Class work
  • How a Bill becomes a Law Game
  • Use information on how a bill becomes a law
  • You may use text book as reference
  • Honors pg 414 CP pg 230
  • Groups of 2 or 3
  • Create game board that helps you and other
    students learn how bill becomes a law
  • Create game cards that help bill move backwards
    or forwards (Use vocabulary words)
  • Create rules for game
  • Make game board colorful and have it reflect
    process of moving through both houses, committees
    and President

93
Sample Games
94
Homework
  • CP 5 Read Powers and Roles of the President
    (Answer Section Review Questions at end on
    separate piece of paper), STUDY FOR QUIZ
  • Honors 5 Read Chapter 16 Section 1, STUDY FOR
    QUIZ

95
QUIZ
  • Legislative Branch

96
Lesson 2b
  • Three Branches of Government - Executive

Lesson Essential Question 2b
  • What specific powers are granted to the Executive
    branch?
  • How do the powers that the three branches share
    create conflict between the Legislative, Judicial
    and Executive bodies?

97
What does the quote show President Carter felt
about presidential powers?
  • There are so many things I would like to
    instantly. The difficult thing is to recognize
    the limitations of a Presidents power.
  • Jimmy Carter
  • Work with partner to answer the question above.
  • Be prepared to share with class

98
Quick Facts about Executive Branch
  • How old do you have to be to become President?
  • How many terms can a President serve in office?
  • If the President can no longer serve who is 2nd
    and 3rd in line?
  • Who was the youngest President ever elected?

99
Quick Facts about Executive Branch
  • How old do you have to be to become President? 35
  • How many terms can a President serve in office?
  • If the President can no longer serve who is 2nd
    and 3rd in line?
  • Who was the youngest President ever elected?

100
Quick Facts about Executive Branch
  • How old do you have to be to become President? 35
  • How many terms can a President serve in office? 2
  • If the President can no longer serve who is 2nd
    and 3rd in line?
  • Who was the youngest President ever elected?

101
Quick Facts about Executive Branch
  • How old do you have to be to become President? 35
  • How many terms can a President serve in office? 2
  • If the President can no longer serve who is 2nd
    and 3rd in line? Vice President Speaker of the
    house
  • Who was the youngest President ever elected?

102
Quick Facts about Executive Branch
  • How old do you have to be to become President? 35
  • How many terms can a President serve in office? 2
  • If the President can no longer serve who is 2nd
    and 3rd in line? Vice President Speaker of the
    house
  • Who was the youngest President ever elected? John
    F Kennedy

103
How do we address the President?
Your Majesty?
His Excellency?
His Mightiness?
Your Honor?
Your Highness?
ANSWER George Washington wanted to be called
Mr. President.
104
Executive Branch
  • Terms of Office
  • George Washington began No-Third Term Tradition
  • Franklin D Roosevelt broke tradition during Great
    Depression and World War II
  • 22nd Amendment limits number of terms of
    presidents to two
  • Presidents can serve up to 10 years How?

105
Executive Branch
  • Salary
  • Congress determines pay
  • 50,000 expenses
  • 120,000 travel and entertainment
  • Retire Pension of 99,500 per year
  • Free office space, mailing services, 96,000 for
    office help
  • Death spouses receive 20,000 per year

Year Pay
1789 25,000
1873 50,00
1909 75,000
1949 100,000
1969 200,000
2001 400,000
106
Executive Branch
  • Benefits Air Force One

107
Executive Branch
  • Benefits - Marine One

108
Executive Branch
  • Benefits White House

109
Executive Branch
  • Benefits Camp David

110
Executive Branch
  • Benefits Secret Service

111
Presidential Qualifications
  • The President must be
  • Natural-born citizen of the United States
  • At least 35 years old
  • Resident of the United States for at least 14
    years before taking office
  • Same requirements for Vice President
  • Government experience is unwritten but important
    qualification
  • 5 candidates with no experience (Dwight D
    Eisenhower 1950s)

112
Presidential Qualifications
  • Why is it important to have political experience
    as a presidential candidate?
  • Form political alliances
  • Name recognition
  • Most presidential candidates are former what..
  • US Congressmen
  • State Governors

113
Money
  • Why is money so important to a campaign?
  • What is it used for?
  • TV ads
  • Paying staff
  • Mailings
  • 1992 - 27.6 million in primaries, 55.2 million
    in general election
  • 2008 - 42.05 million in primaries, 84.1 million
    in general election

114
Money
  • Is a presidential campaign too expensive?
  • Who does it restrict from being able to run for
    office?
  • How could you fix any issues for running for
    president?

115
Political Beliefs
  • What role do the political beliefs play in a
    presidential campaign?
  • Find Political Quiz from beginning of year
  • Class Discussion

116
Class work - Political Beliefs
  • Answer the following on separate piece of paper.
    Explain why for all answers.
  • Why would you vote for someone with similar
    political views?
  • Would you vote for someone who had different
    views?
  • What if your beliefs were the same as a
    candidates on all but 3 of the issues? Would that
    matter? What issues would they be?

117
Homework
  • CP HW 6 Read How President is Elected
    Finish Political Beliefs Writing
  • Honors HW 6 Read Chapter 16 Section 2 Finish
    Political Beliefs Writing

118
Exit Ticket
  • The President of the United States is known as
    the Leader of the Free World. Is this still the
    case today? Explain why.

119
What do I know?
  • The President is elected in a national election
    every 4 years. What all do you know about the
    presidential election process?
  • Work with a partner to create a list of 5 topics
    for the presidential election process.
  • Be prepared to share with class

120
Presidential Election Process
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

121
Presidential Succession
  • Established by 25th Amendment
  • Section 1 Removal, death or resignation VP
    becomes President
  • Section 2 Vacancy in VP, President may appoint
    new VP
  • Richard Nixon (Pres Ford and VP Rockefeller)

122
Order of Succession
  • The Vice President Joe Biden
  • Speaker of the House John Boehner
  • President pro tempore of the Senate1 Daniel
    Inouye
  • Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
  • Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner
  • Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta
  • Attorney General Eric Holder
  • Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar
  • Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack
  • Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke
  • Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen
    Sebelius
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Shaun
    Donovan
  • Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood
  • Secretary of Energy Stephen Chu
  • Secretary of Education Arne Duncan
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki
  • Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano

123
Presidential Disability
  • 25th Amendment
  • President informs Congress of disability
  • VP and Cabinet in Congress of disability
  • President can return by informing Congress that
    disability no longer exits
  • Examples
  • President Garfield 1881 Shot
  • President Wilson 1919 Stroke
  • President Eisenhower Heart attack

124
Vice President
  • 2 duties
  • Presides over Senate and votes if there is a tie
  • Decides whether President is disabled and serves
    as acting President

125
Electing the President
  • Video
  • Review Questions
  • What amendment changed the number of terms a
    President can serve?
  • What group elects the President?
  • Who are the people actually voting for?
  • What determines the number of electors each state
    has?

126
Electing the President
  • Electoral College - Original System
  • Set up by Article II Section I
  • Each state selects 2 electors
  • Electors vote for 2 presidential candidates
  • Votes counted by Congress
  • Most votes President
  • 2nd most votes Vice President

127
Electing the President
  • Electoral College Current System
  • Citizens vote for Presidential candidate
  • Actually voting for states electors
  • Electoral College 538 members
  • Total of Congress plus 3 from DC
  • Candidate with largest number of popular vote
    wins electoral college votes

128
Electing the President
Electoral College Process
Tuesday after first Monday in November
Voters cast ballots for all electors representing
a particular party in each state
Monday after second Wednesday in December
Electors of party winning popular vote in each
state cast ballots fore President and Vice
President
January 6
Ballots cast by electors are counted by Congress
January 20
Candidate with most votes becomes President
129
President Takes Office
  • Presidential Inauguration - Video

130
Class work - Thinking about it
  • The Electoral College Process
  • Does the electoral college process allow for the
    citizens to directly elect the President? Why or
    why not?
  • Do you agree or disagree with this process? Why?
  • How could we improve the process?
  • Answer all on separate paper
  • Use reading if needed

131
Homework
  • CP HW 7 Read Presidential Powers
  • Honors HW 7 Read Chapter 16 Sections 3 4

132
Exit Ticket
  • President Obamas inauguration had significant
    impact on American history. Watch the video on
    peoples memories of Obamas inauguration. What
    do you remember from Obamas inauguration? Why is
    it so significant?
  • Video

133
What do I know?
  • The President has many powers and
    responsibilities. Work with your partner to
    create a list of 5 powers that the President has.
  • Be prepared to share with class

134
Presidential Powers
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

135
Presidential Powers
  • VIDEO
  • Review Questions
  • What article gives the President their powers?
  • What is an example of the system of checks and
    balances to keep the President from gaining to
    much power?
  • What is the most powerful of the Presidents
    checks?
  • What special check does Congress have?

136
Founding Fathers
  • 2 reasons for President
  • Lack of independent executive was weakness of
    Articles
  • No one to carry out acts of Congress
  • Distrusted direct participation by people
  • Needed someone to control country but protect
    liberty, property
  • Needed someone to keep legislative branch in
    check

137
Constitutional Powers
  • Article II kept powers broad but vague
  • The Executive Power shall be vested in a
    President of the USA.
  • Called the Wild Card
  • Fire officials in executive branch
  • Make agreements with foreign nations
  • Take emergency actions to save nation
  • None are listed in Constitution

138
Constitutional Powers
  • Section 2 and 3 of Article II
  • President is commander in chief of armed forces
    and state militia
  • Appoints head of executive departments
  • With Senate approval
  • Executive Pardon
  • Treaties
  • Appoints ambassadors, justices of Supreme Court,
    top officials with Senate approval

139
Constitutional Power
  • Section 2 and 3 of Article II
  • Deliver annual state of the Union address
  • Calls Congress into special session
  • Meets with heads of state, ambassadors
  • Commissions all military officers
  • Laws Congress passes are faithfully executed

140
Informal Powers
  • Actions of Past Presidents
  • Thomas Jefferson (LA Purchase)
  • Abraham Lincoln (Suspended writ of habeas corpus)
  • Mass Media
  • FDR Fireside Chats
  • Ronald Reagan The Great Communicator

141
Limits on Presidential Power
  • Congressional Limitations
  • Override veto
  • Impeach a President (high crimes and
    misdemeanors)
  • How many Presidents have been impeached?
  • 3 Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton
  • Federal Courts Limitations
  • Judicial Review (Marbury v. Madison)
  • Public Opinion
  • Vietnam War

142
Class work
  • Readings
  • Why the Constitutions framers limited
    presidential power?
  • How would the candidates use their presidential
    power?

143
Homework
  • CP HW 8 Study for Quiz Read Goals of the
    Supreme Court Background Information
  • Honors HW 8 Study for Quiz Read Chapter 19

144
Exit Ticket
  • Our system of government allows for the President
    to lead our country. The power is still limited
    by the other two branches. Is there any time
    when a President should be allowed to do what
    they wish without restriction? Why or why not?

145
QUIZ
  • Executive Branch

146
Lesson 2c
  • Three Branches of Government - Judicial

Lesson Essential Question 2c
  • What specific powers are granted to the Judicial
    branch?
  • How do the powers that the three branches share
    create conflict between the Legislative, Judicial
    and Executive bodies?

147
Vocabulary
  • Grand Jury
  • District Court
  • Precedent
  • Opinion
  • Original Jurisdiction
  • Appellate Jurisdiction
  • Jurisdiction
  • Appeal
  • Criminal
  • Civil
  • Due Process
  • Injunction
  • Miranda Rights
  • Indictment
  • Writ of Certiorari

148
Court of Law
  • There are many aspects in a court of law. Work
    with a partner to create a list of 5 aspects that
    occur in a court.
  • Be prepared to share with class

149
Court of Law
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

150
Jurisdiction of the Courts
  • What does Jurisdiction mean?
  • Authority of a court to hear certain kind of
    cases
  • Federal Courts power from Constitution
  • Jurisdiction is determined by subject matter of
    case parties in case
  • Jurisdiction over cases involving federal laws
  • Lower Courts power from State Constitution
  • Jurisdiction over cases involving state laws

151
Jurisdiction of the Courts
  • Original
  • Trial Court
  • Federal Courts takes place in District Courts
  • Appellate
  • Only used if person loses case
  • What is the highest court of appeal?
  • Supreme Court

152
Where would you go?
  • With a partner complete the Court Scavenger Hunt.
  • Make sure the both of your names are on your
    paper.
  • WORK ONLY WITH YOUR PARTNER

153
Federal Court Jurisdiction
  • Cases
  • US laws
  • Treaties with foreign nations
  • Interpretations of Constitution
  • Maritime Law (Law of the Sea)
  • Bankruptcy
  • Ambassadors and reps of foreign governments
  • Two or more state governments
  • US government or one of agencies
  • Issues between states or citizens of different
    states

154
Federal Court Jurisdiction
  • 3 types of law
  • Civil Law
  • Plaintiff vs. Defendant
  • Criminal Law
  • State (Prosecution) vs. Defendant
  • Constitutional Law
  • Decides if law or action conflicts with
    Constitution

155
Legal System Principles
  • Equal Justice Under the Law
  • Goal of American legal system
  • 5th through 8th Amendments
  • Due Process of Law
  • Laws applied in fair manner
  • 5th 14th Amendments
  • The Adversary System
  • Arena where lawyers present strongest case
  • Presumption of Innocence

156
Lower Federal Courts
  • District Courts
  • 91 districts in US (at least 1 per state and DC)
  • Trial courts for criminal and civil federal cases
  • 2 types of juries
  • Grand jury 16 to 23 people hears charges
    against person suspected of committing crime
  • Issues indictment if evidence is sufficient
  • Petit jury (trial jury) 6 to 12 people
  • Weigh evidence at trial in criminal or civil case

157
Lower Federal Courts
  • Federal Court of Appeals
  • Created in 1891 to ease workload on Supreme Court
  • 13 courts of appeal and 179 judges
  • 12 regions and 1 with national jurisdiction
  • 3 judges sit on each appeal
  • Decides cases in one of three ways
  • Uphold original decision
  • Reverse original decision
  • Send case back to original court to try again

158
Lower Federal Courts
  • The Court of International Trade
  • Formerly US Customs Courts
  • Jurisdiction over cases dealing with tariffs
  • People who believe tariffs are too high
  • National court based in NY
  • Hear cases in major port cities

159
Selection of Federal Judges
Who selects and appoints federal judges?
President Who must approve all
appointments? US Senate Which part of the
Constitution is this process written? Article
II, Section 2 How long are federal judges
appointed for? Life Why do you think the
Constitution allows for federal judges to be in
power for life? free from public or political
pressures in deciding cases jobs are safe even
if they make unpopular decisions
160
Selection of Federal Judges
  • Party Affiliation
  • Presidents appoint judges based on party
    affiliation (Reagan 99)
  • Judicial Philosophy
  • President appoint judges who share point of view
  • Senatorial Courtesy
  • only for district and trial courts
  • Names submitted to judges home state before full
    Senate approval
  • Background of Federal Judges
  • Legal training, ethnicity, gender, work
    experience

161
Supreme Court Jurisdiction
  • Article III Section 2 covers two types of cases
  • Representatives of foreign governments
  • Cases in which a state is a party
  • Appellate Jurisdiction
  • Cases that are appealed from lower courts of
    appeals, state supreme courts or federal district
    courts

162
Supreme Court Justices
  • How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
  • 9
  • How much are the justices paid per year?
  • Associate Justices - 153,600
  • Chief Justice - 160,600
  • How can a Supreme Court justice be removed?
  • Impeachment process completed by Congress

163
Supreme Court Justices
  • Duties of the Justices
  • Developed from laws and traditions
  • Main duty hear and rule on cases
  • 3 decision making tasks -
  • Deciding which cases to hear
  • Read by law clerks
  • Deciding case itself
  • Determining explanation for decision opinion
  • Prepared by law clerks

164
Supreme Court Justices
  • Anthony Kennedy
  • John Paul Stevens
  • Chief Justice John Roberts
  • Antonin Scalia
  • Clarence Thomas
  • Samuel Alito
  • Ruth Bader Ginsburg
  • Stephen Breyer
  • Sonia Sotomayor

165
Class Work
  • 4th Amendment Rights for Students
  • Strip Search in School

166
Homework
  • HW 9 ALL CLASSES Read Important Supreme Court
    Cases List of Noteworthy Cases

167
Exit Ticket
  • The selection of a Supreme Court Justice is very
    rare. Why do you think this is? Why is it so
    important that the President selects someone who
    has similar views?

168
Essential Question
  • How does the Supreme Court have an influence on
    American society?

169
Class work
  • The Constitution Judicial Branch DVD
  • Do not talk during video
  • Answer all questions on separate piece of paper.
  • Final question must be answered in COMPLETE
    SENTENCES

170
Class work
  • The Supreme in Supreme Court

171
Homework
  • CP HW 10 The Big 9
  • Honors HW 10 Read Chapter 20 Section 2

172
Exit Ticket
  • What role has the Supreme Court played in
    establishing the rights of the American people?

173
What do you know?
  • The Supreme Court has a direct impact on American
    values.
  • With a partner create a list of at least 5
    aspects of American values that the Supreme Court
    has impacted because of a decision they made
  • Be prepared to share with class

174
Supreme Court at Work
  • How many cases are appealed to the Supreme Court
    each year?
  • More than 5,000
  • How many cases does the Supreme Court pick from?
  • 450-500
  • How many cases receive full hearings and
    opinions?
  • No more than 150

175
Supreme Court at Work
  • Process to reach the Supreme Court
  • Appeal
  • lower federal court or highest state court has
    ruled a law unconstitutional
  • Highest state court upholds state law against
    claim that it violates constitution
  • Writ of Certiorari (main route to Supreme Court)
  • order from Supreme Court to lower court to send
    up records of case for review
  • Petition by lawyer argues that lower court made
    legal error in handling case or constitutional
    issue

176
Deciding Major Cases
  • 5 Step Process -
  • Step 1 Petition Supreme Court
  • Step 2 Submit Briefs
  • Step 3 Oral Arguments
  • Step 4 The Conference
  • Step 5 Writing the Opinion

177
Deciding Major Cases
  • Step 2 - Submitting Briefs
  • Lawyers submit written statement
  • legal arguments, relevant facts and precedents
    supporting side of case
  • Step 3 - Oral Arguments
  • Lawyers get 30 minutes to summarize key points of
    case
  • Justices interrupt to challenge statements or ask
    for more information
  • Red and White Lights

178
Deciding Major Cases
  • Step 4 The Conference
  • Friday Justices meet to discuss cases
  • Chief Justice presides over meeting
  • One of most secret meetings in Washington, DC
  • Each case gets 30 minutes of discussion
  • Future reviewed cases get 5 minutes
  • Justices give views and conclusions by seniority
  • All justices vote (needs majority)
  • 6 justices must be present
  • If tied lower court decision stands

179
Deciding Major Cases
  • Step 5 Writing the Opinion
  • States facts of case and announces Courts ruling
  • Sets precedent for lower courts communicates
    with government and people
  • 4 kinds of opinions
  • Unanimous opinion all vote same way
  • Majority opinion views of majority on case
  • Concurring opinion agree with majority but for
    different reasons
  • Dissenting opinion justices on losing side of
    case

180
Class work
  • You be the Judge

181
Extended Response Questions
  • The US Constitution has established three
    separate but equal branches of government in the
    first three Articles. All branches have certain
    powers and responsibilities. The systems of
    checks and balances and separation of powers were
    established by the Constitution as well. How do
    these two systems create conflict amongst the
    three branches? Be specific.

182
Extended Response Questions
  • 2. What roles do political views play in the
    election or appointment of our government
    officials? Be specific.
  • 3. Why are Supreme Court justices appointed for
    life? Explain.
  • 4. What impact has the Supreme Court had on
    American Society? Be specific.

183
Homework
  • Honors HW 11 Study for Test on 3 Branches
  • CP HW 11 Study for Test on 3 Branches
    Complete Pre-Writing Activity for Extended
    Response Questions

184
Exit Ticket
  • How do the powers and responsibilities of all
    three branches of government cause conflict?

185
TEST
  • 3 Branches of Government

186
Homework
  • Honors 12 Read Chapter 3 Section 2
  • CP 12 Read the Constitutional Amendment Process

187
REVIEW TEST
  • 3 Branches of Government

188
Lesson 3
  • Amending the Constitution

Lesson Essential Question 3
  • How is the Constitution changed?
  • How do the Amendments to the Constitution show
    the development of democracy and society in the
    United States?

189
Vocabulary
  • Ratify
  • Petition
  • Balanced budget
  • Impeach
  • Treaty
  • Executive agreement
  • Judicial restraint
  • Judicial activism
  • Prior restraint
  • Probable cause
  • Search warrant
  • Arrest warrant
  • Due process
  • Eminent domain
  • Lame duck
  • Poll tax

190
Amending the Constitution
  • Open books to Constitution and read Section 1 of
    the 18th and 21st Amendments. What are the two
    amendments about?
  • What do these two amendments show about our
    government? Do they show strength? Weakness?
  • Work with a partner and be prepared to share with
    class

191
The Amendment Process
  • Founders living, breathing document
  • Article V describes how Congress and the states
    could amend the Constitution
  • Amendments deal with any topic
  • Except states losing equal representation in
    Senate
  • Amendments proposed at national level and
    ratified on state-by-state basis

192
Proposing Amendments
  • 2 methods
  • 2/3 vote of each house of Congress
  • Limit on income taxes, limit to tenure of Supreme
    Court justices
  • National Convention called by Congress at request
    of 2/3 of states
  • Never been used

193
Ratifying Amendments
  • 2 methods for state approval (7 years)
  • Legislatures in ¾ of states ratify
  • Each state calls for special ratifying convention
    (needs ¾ of conventions)
  • States may reject an amendment and then later
    reverse their decision
  • Can it work they other way?
  • Equal Rights Amendment 5 of 35 state
    legislatures revoked ratification
  • Were their actions Constitutional?

194
Class Work
  • First Amendment Rights

195
Homework
  • CP 13 the Bill of Rights You mean Ive got
    rights (Read PAGES 2, 3 complete page 4)
  • Honors 13 Read Chapter 3 Section 3

196
Exit Ticket
  • Why is it so important that we continue to
    change/amend the Constitution? Why is it such a
    long process?

197
What RIGHTS do I have?
  • America is the land of the free and home of the
    brave. We are guaranteed rights by the
    Constitution.
  • With a partner create a list of 5 rights that you
    believe we are guaranteed by the Constitution.
  • Be prepared to share with class.

198
Bill of Rights
  • Limits powers of government
  • Protects two kinds of rights
  • Rights of individual liberty
  • Rights of persons accused of crimes
  • VIDEO

199
Video Review Questions
  • What argument did John Hancock and Massachusetts
    begin?
  • How many of the original states signed the
    Constitution?
  • Why were the Bill of Rights added to the
    Constitution?
  • Why do you think the Founding Fathers added the
    9th and 10th Amendments?

200
The Amendments
  • First Amendment
  • Protects right to worship or have no religion
  • Separation of church and state
  • Protects free speech and freedom of press
  • Slander
  • Libel
  • Right to assemble
  • Right to criticize government officials and
    actions
  • VIDEO

201
The Amendments
  • 2nd Amendment
  • Right to bear arms
  • Originally form a militia
  • States regulate sale and use of firearms
  • Video
  • 3rd Amendment
  • Prohibits government from forcing people to
    quarter soldiers
  • American Revolution

202
The Amendments
  • 4th Amendment
  • Right to privacy
  • Requires authorities to have specific reason to
    search premises or seize evidence or people
  • Lawful search or arrest
  • Probable cause
  • Search or arrest warrant
  • VIDEO

203
The Amendments
  • 5th Amendment (4 protections if accused of
    crime)
  • 1 No one can be tried for serious crime
    unless grand jury decides there is enough
    evidence for trial
  • 2 Found innocent cannot be tried for same
    crime (DOUBLE JEOPARDY)
  • 3 no one may be forced to testify against
    themselves
  • 4 Due Process of Law
  • Eminent domain
  • Video

204
The Amendments
  • 6th Amendment
  • Protects rights of those charged with
    federal/state crimes to defend themselves in
    court
  • Right to
  • speedy, public trial by impartial jury or judge
  • Change of venue
  • Know charges against them, question all witnesses
  • Defended by lawyer
  • 7th Amendment
  • Right to jury trial to settle all property
    disputes worth over 20
  • Both sides agree trial by judge
  • VIDEO

205
The Amendments
  • 8th Amendment
  • Prohibits excessive bail
  • Judge sets bail in amount that ensures accused
    appears for trial
  • Prohibits judges from imposing excessive fines
  • Bans cruel and unusual punishment
  • VIDEO

206
The Amendments
  • 9th Amendment
  • All other rights not spelled out in Constitution
    are retained by the people
  • Prevents government from claiming that the only
    rights the people have are in Bill of Rights
  • 10th Amendment
  • Powers not given to the national government or
    denied to the states by Constitution belong to
    states or to the people
  • VIDEO

207
Class work
  • Cruel Unusual..or is it
  • I Take the Fifth!

208
Homework
  • CP 14 Study for Quiz Prepare for Bill of
    Rights Activity
  • Honors 14 Study for Quiz Prepare for Bill of
    Rights Activity

209
Exit Ticket
  • Why do we have so many guaranteed rights in
    America? Does th
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