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Community Risk Reduction (CRR) for Fire Department Leaders

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Title: Kick-Off Meeting Agenda October 6, 2012 Author: Jim Last modified by: Ed Comeau Created Date: 9/29/2012 4:13:40 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Community Risk Reduction (CRR) for Fire Department Leaders


1
Community Risk Reduction (CRR) for Fire
Department Leaders
  • Supported by Centers for Disease
  • Control and Prevention

2
CRR - Introduction
  • What is Community Risk Reduction (CRR)?
  • CRR is an approach that helps you
  • Identify fire and life safety risks
  • Prioritize those risks
  • Determine how to prevent or mitigate risks
  • Focus your efforts
  • Become more of a community player

3
Our Approach
  • Integrated community risk reduction
  • Coordinates emergency operations with prevention
    and mitigation efforts community wide and at
    the station level

4
CRR - Introduction
  • Involve Community Partners in all Steps

Public Health CERT Organizers Senior Services Social Services Police Faith-based Organizations Neighborhood Associations Local Businesses Community Advocates Utility Companies
5
CRR - Introduction
  • Why do we need CRR?
  • City and fire budgets declining
  • New and emerging hazards present
  • Changing community demographics
  • High risk residents remain underserved
  • Improve Firefighter safety occupational health
  • San Jose, Detroit, other examples

6
CRR -Introduction
  • CRR is not a new concept
  • UK, NZ, AU, CA have been doing CRR for several
    years with much success.
  • CRR has also been done in the US although
    sporadically and on a much smaller scale.

7
  • 6 Steps of the CRR Approach

8
Terminology
9
CRR - Terminology
  • Prevention or Mitigation?
  • A resident living in an area at high risk for
    wildfires eliminates vegetation close by their
    home.

Mitigation
10
CRR -Risks
  • How do you know your top risks?

11
Characteristics of Home Fire Death Risk in the USA
  • Poverty
  • Education
  • Smoking
  • Rural (population density)
  • Source U.S. Unintentional Fire Death Rates by
    State, Sept. 2007, National Fire
    Protection Association

A S S U M P T I O N S
12
Characteristics of Home Fire Death Risk in the USA
  • Very young children
  • Older adults
  • People with disabilities
  • People who live in poverty
  • Source Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention

A S S U M P T I O N S
13
Cumulative Disadvantage Theory
the presence of one risk factor magnifies the
risk linked with a second factor... A way to
analyze the impact of multi-factors
A S S U M P T I O N S
14
Statewide Fire Death Risk Assessment 15 Counties
4 Risks Fire Deaths
Coal Adair Johnston
Atoka Pushmataha Caddo
Sequoyah
2 Risks Fire Deaths
3 Risks Fire Deaths
Choctaw Latimer Harmon McCurtain Haskell Okfusge
e Hughes Tillman
15
CRR -Risks
  • What are some common risks in your area?
  • Residential fires
  • Wildland fires
  • Falls
  • Drownings
  • Poisonings
  • Bicycle skateboard incidents
  • Hazardous material incidents
  • Motor vehicle incidents

16
CRR Risks
  • Know common risks from
  • Fire/EMS call data
  • Fire/EMS incident report data
  • Dispatch operators experience
  • Firefighters experience
  • Keep in mind, even stations near each other can
    face different top risks.

17
CRR Risks
  • Learn more about each risk ask
  • Why is each risk occurring?
  • Who is it affecting?
  • When is it occurring?
  • Where is it occurring?
  • Answering these questions will help you
    brainstorm the best strategies to reduce each
    risk for your area.

18
CRR Risks
  • Risk Assessment Simple or Sophisticated
  • Philadelphia Example
  • Each Engine/Ladder company chose one High Risk
    Area (of 1 block)
  • Risk areas were determined by the companys
    recent fire experience

19
CRR Risks
  • Wilmington, NC Example
  • Residential and home fire incident data
  • were highlighted in GIS mapping to show
  • hot spots
  • Central administration identified stations
  • serving those hot spots

20
Wilmington
CRR Risks

Fire Stations serving UNCW 4 8 Risks may
vary based on housing/ demographic data
UNCW
UNCW University of North Carolina -
Wilmington
21
CRR Risks
Collect demographic data for area http//factfinde
r2.census.gov/
  • American FactFinder
  • Search by City, County, or Zip Code

22
CRR - Risk
  • Demographic data helps you
  • Learn more about who lives in the area with high
    incidence of Fires/EMS
  • Focus efforts more efficiently and effectively

23
CRR - Risk
  • Remember potential risks areas
  • Consider the need to focus on areas where
    probability is low but consequence is great such
    as
  • Ports
  • Hospitals
  • Schools
  • Theaters

24
CRR Risks
  • Other Sources of Info/Data
  • City Chambers of Commerce
  • City/County/State Departments
  • Not-for-profit organizations
  • Private business/industry

25
CRR Risks
  • Overall - Prioritizing Risk
  • Think about probability and potential
    consequences, prioritize risks
  • Solicit input from firefighters, inspectors,
    investigators, community partners
  • In the end you must make the hard decision of
    what risk(s) to focus on

26
CRR Strategies
  • When brainstorming, assessing and selecting
    strategies
  • Involve a variety of personnel
  • Station personnel
  • Department staff
  • Community organizations
  • Local agencies
  • Balance complex demands and make hard choices
    about what to pursue

27
CRR- Strategies
  • 5 Types of
  • Prevention/Mitigation Strategies
  • What are the 5 Es?

28
CRR- Strategies
29
CRR Strategies
  • Multiple E Strategies
  • Can you think of strategies to reduce
  • or mitigate fire risk that would fall under
  • more than one E category?

30
CRR Strategies
  • Example of a Multiple E Strategy
  • Seat Belts all automobiles
  • What E strategies do seat belts represent?
  • Education?
  • Engineering?
  • Enforcement?
  • Emergency Response?
  • Economic Incentives?

31
CRR Strategies
  • Another Example- Multiple Es
  • Home safety visits
  • What E strategies are used in home visits?

32
CRR Strategies
  • CRR Ideas - Beyond the Home Visit
  • Pre-plans for all commercial structures
  • Community Paramedicine
  • Self-inspection program for businesses
  • Commercial Alarm Iniative

33
CRR Strategies
  • CRR Ideas - Beyond the Home Visit
  • Anything that helps to manage call volume
    concurrently improves public and firefighter
    safety
  • Positive Public Relations Values

34
Community Risk Reduction
35
CRR -Implementation
  • What helps make a program successful?

36
CRR Implementation
  • Common Elements of Successful Programs
  • Makes sense and is feasible
  • Management at all levels support the effort
  • Adequate resources allocated
  • Project Manager assigned
  • Clear expectations
  • Program is monitored and adjusted as needed
  • Good performance is recognized/rewarded

37
CRR -Implementation
  • How do you go about implementing a program?

38
CRR Implementation
Implementation Steps
39
CRR Implementation
  • More than one way
  • Fire Department Centered (Wilmington, NC)
  • Community Partner Centered (Tucson, AZ)
  • A Combination Approach - fire department
  • community partners (Dallas, TX)

40
CRR Implementation
  • It can be quick focused
  • Example Philadelphias Operation Staying Alive
  • Installed 7000 alarms in one month
  • Involved every company
  • Each station identified own risk areas based on
    experience
  • Firefighters conducted home visits in teams of 2
  • Prevention staff collected forms entered data
    weekly
  • Reported progress weekly to the Commissioner,
    Deputy Chief, and Battalion Chiefs

41
CRR Implementation
  • Or rely more heavily on a partner
  • Example Tucson, AZ fire
  • Done with Sonoran Environmental Research
    Institute (SERI) already doing home safety
    visits
  • Minimal fire department involvement/supervision
  • Focus on behavior change not just alarms
  • Getting into homes fire department could not

42
Community Risk Reduction
43
Monitor/Evaluate
  • Number of visits
  • Pre/post surveys
  • Loss trends over time
  • Workload indicators (how many of X)
  • Others?

44
Increase Prevention Advocacy
  • Current Status/Activity
  • Advocacy Tools produced
  • Tutorial
  • Impact Videos
  • Downloadable Resources
  • Online at www.strategicfire.org

45
Need Results Partnerships
You are keenly aware of the fire problem in your
community.
Decision makers and the public need to understand
the problem and the benefits of investing in
prevention.
46
Education/Marketing Tools
  • Salter/Mitchell Marketing Research
  • National Theme
  • Smoke Alarms
  • Kitchen Safety

47
No perceived benefits of prevention
  • There are definitely a lot more pressing things
    going on a daily basis for me than worrying about
    smoke alarms. There are so darn many things to
    remember to do in a day, and I think that the
    alarms get kicked to the back burner.

Example Benefit Comparison IGNORE ALARMS CHECK ALARMS
Result Specific reward tied to accomplishments No emotional reward/payoff
Consequence/Benefit Tangible consequences/ accomplishments No tangible result (just make something already unlikely to happen even less likely)
Behavior If ignore alarms, able to do other things (check email, play with kids, etc.) If check alarms
48
Prevention Marketing/Education Findings..
  • People aware fire safety is their responsibility
  • Many think they are already doing enough
  • Sense of belonging strong tie to live, love
    protecting loved ones learned via intercept
    interviews
  • 90 of high risk homes without ANY working smoke
    alarms (e.g. Tucson, AZ) nationally need for 100
    150 million alarms (TriData)

49
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50

http//www.usfa.fema.gov/prevention/outreach/fief
51
Prevention Marketing/Education
  • Materials Generator Project
  • Online tool customizing capability
  • Maintain common messages
  • Allow localization

52
CRR Planning and Implementation Tools
  • Risk Guide
  • CRR Planning Guide (in progress)
  • Home Safety Visit Tools

53
(No Transcript)
54

HomeSafetyVisit.org How-To Guide
55

56
Prevention Technology
  • Focus on technologies that prevent kitchen (range
    top) fires
  • Continue examining smoke alarm research
  • UL NIST NFPA Research Foundation
  • Eastern Kentucky University Report (fire
    characteristics of varied range tops)
  • Facilitating Individuals/Organizations Dan
    Madrzykowski, National Institute of Standards and
    Technology, Building and Fire Research
    Laboratory, Mike Love, Montgomery County MD
    retired David Smith, Lake Oswego, OR

57
CRR Conclusion Resources
  • Other Resources
  • NFA 6-day Class Conducting Local Risk
  • Reduction by Company Officers
  • This class is designed to guide company officers
    through the
  • development of a risk reduction plan for their
    service area
  • http//apps.usfa.fema.gov/nfacourses/catalog/detai
    ls/10501

58
Questions?
  • www.strategicfire.org
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