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Chapter 17 Section 1: Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance

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Title: Chapter 17 Section 1: Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance


1
Iago
Lord Varys and Lord Baelish Game Thrones
Marquise Isabell de Merteuil Les Liaisons
Dangereuses
Sonny LoSpecchio A Bronx Tale
Becky Sharp Vanity Fair
Tony Soprano
Francis Urquhart House of Cards
2
Chapter 17 Section 1 Italy Birthplace of the
Renaissance
Europe is waking out of a long, deep sleep.The
time was when learning was only found in
religious orders.learning has passed to secular
princes and peers.
3
Read and Write a Response
  • In the Middle Ages both sides of human
    consciousness lay dreaming or half awake beneath
    a common veil. The veil was woven of faith,
    illusion, and childish prepossessionMan was
    conscious of himself only as a member of a race,
    people, party, family, or corporation only
    through some general category. In Italy this veil
    first melted into air man became a spiritual
    individual, and recognized himself as such. In
    the way the Greek hand once distinguished himself
    from barbarian.
  • When this impulse to the highest development was
    combined with a powerful and varied nature,then
    arose the all-sidedman in Italy at the time of
    the Renaissance we find artists who in every
    branch created new and perfect works, and who
    also made the greatest impression as men.
  • According to historian Jacob Burchhardt, was
    there a difference between the people of the
    Middle Ages and people of the Renaissance?
    Explain.

4
Setting the Stage
  • During Middle Ages
  • Europeans suffered from
  • War
  • Plague
  • Catholic Church teaching began to be questioned
  • Feudalism began to be questioned
  • Educated people began to reject long held values
    for CLASSICAL learning

5
Italys Advantages
  • 1300 1600
  • Renaissance means REBIRTH
  • Rebirth of art and learning.
  • High regard for individual achievement
    (humanism)
  • Began in Northern Italy because France and
    England locked in Hundred Years War

It must be grasped that the Renaissance was
primary a human event, propelled forward by a
number of individuals of outstanding talent,
which in some cases amounted to geniusThe
Renaissance was about the work of individuals,
and in a sense it was about individualism
6
Reasons of Italy
  • Urban Centers
  • Overseas trade helped by
  • the Crusades led to growth
  • of large city-states in Italy.
  • Wealthy Merchant class
  • Merchants were the most powerful class due to
    their
    wealth which was based on merit.
  • Italian City-States
  • Ran own government
  • Collected taxes
  • Had own army
  • Gained wealth through the use of merchants in
    trade between Europe and the East

7
Characteristics of Italian Renaissance
  • Scholars were curious about the world outside of
    Europe and wanted to return to the learning of
    the Greeks and Romans.
  • Major goal of the Renaissance was to study and
    imitate the cultures of Greece and Rome.
  • Renaissance architecture abandoned the Gothic
    style from the Middle Ages and borrowed from more
    classic styles.

8
Italys Advantages The Medici
  • Florence was ruled by one powerful family The
    Medici
  • Cosimo de Medici
  • Virtual dictator of Venice
  • Arranged marriages to strengthen family
    business ties
  • Lorenzo the Magnificent
  • Virtual dictator
  • Supported the ARTS

9
Italys Advantages
  • Medici Family are famous for
  • BEING RULERS
  • PATRONS (financial supporter) OF THE ARTS
  • Nepotism preferential treatment of relatives

10
Classical and Worldly Values
  • Society became more SECULAR and less religious
  • SECULAR to be more worldly and concerned with
    the here and now.
  • Secular achievements were given greater emphasis
    than earlier.

11
Classical and Worldly Values
  • The Renaissance Man
  • Idea that some people are artistic geniuses.
  • Individuals would strive to master every area of
    study.
  • According to Baldassare Castiglione the ideal
    Renaissance Man was skilled in a variety of areas
    (charming, witty, well educated, dance, sing,
    play music, write poetry, skilled rider,
    wrestler, swordsmen)

12
Classical and Worldly Values
  • The Renaissance Woman
  • Women became more educated
  • Women were expected to marry whom their parents
    choose not for love but to strengthen business or
    family ties.

Isabella dEste of Mantua
13
Renaissance Revolutionizes Art
  • Artists changed artistic styles
  • Paintings sculptures became more realistic
  • Glorified human body
  • Portraits of famous citizens

14
Renaissance Art
  • New Techniques
  • Natural postures and expressions to show
    personality
  • The David
  • Perspective is the technique that was perfected
    during the Renaissance that showed dimension in
    paintings
  • School of Athens

15
Renaissance Revolutionizes Art
  • Leonardo Da Vinci, best of example of a
    Renaissance Man
  • Painter
  • Sculptor
  • Inventor
  • Scientist
  • Student of anatomy, science, and art.
  • Skilled in a variety of disciplines
  • Had an immediate impact on the scientific
    thinking worldwide, including the importance of
    the scientific method

16
Leonardo Da Vincis Works
  • The LAST SUPPER
  • The MONA LISA

17
Michelangelo Renaissance Artist
  • Michelangelo greatest artist of the Renaissance
    who was also skilled in many areas
  • Most well known for his portrayal of the human
    body
  • Sistine Chapel
  • David
  • Pieta

18
Michelangelos Work
DAVID
Creation of Adam
Pieta
19
Renaissance Revolutionizes Art
  • Raphael Advances Realism
  • Favorite work is the Madonna and Child
  • Famous Work
  • School of Athens
  • Died at the age of 37

20
School of Athens - Raphael
21
Renaissance Writers Change Literature
  • Renaissance Writers
  • Used the VERNACULAR or local language.
  • Wrote with self-expression or to portray the
    individuality of their subject matter.
  • One way in which the writers of the Renaissance
    were influenced by the writers of the western
    classical culture was that they emphasized the
    power of human reason.

22
Renaissance Writers Change Literature
  • Machiavelli Advises Rulers
  • Father of Modern Political Thought
  • Wrote the Il Prince
  • Outlines how a ruler can gain power, keep it, and
    control enemies.
  • Thought rulers should be shrewd deceitful
  • Effective rulers are feared by their subjects
  • Advises that a wise ruler is one who does what
    is necessary to stay in power
  • The end justifies the means.

23
Political Impact of the Renaissance
  • State is supreme over the church
  • New monarchs assert control over national
    churches
  • Machiavelli has an impact

24
Quick Review
  • How did Italian city-states gain wealth during
    the Renaissnace?
  • Curiosity about the world outside of Europe was
    typical of the era of the Renaissance because?
  • In what ways did Renaissance architecture differ
    from Gothic architecture?
  • What is humanism?
  • One of the major goals of the Renaissance was to
    study and imitate what cultures?
  • How were the writers of the Renaissance
    influenced by writers of the western classical
    cultures?
  • What is the political impact of the Renaissance?

25
  1. How is an effective rulers viewed by their
    subjects?
  2. Define vernacular
  3. One of the major characteristics of the
    Renaissance in Europe was what given a greater
    emphasis?
  4. What impact did Leonardo da Vinci have on the
    scientific thinking world?
  5. Where did the Renaissance begin?
  6. How does Machiavelli advise ruler to stay in
    power?
  7. What is the new artistic technique used during
    the Renaissance that showed dimension?
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