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Resistance Strategies and boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS)


Israel Apartheid Week - 2010, AUB Rania Masri – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Resistance Strategies and boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS)

Resistance Strategies and boycott, Divestment,
and Sanctions (BDS)
  • Israel Apartheid Week - 2010, AUB
  • Rania Masri

Already Established???
  • Israel is an Apartheid State -- throughout the
    land of Palestine ???
  • The prolonged occupation and colonization of Gaza
    and the West Bank, including east Jerusalem, and
    other Arab territories
  • The system of racial discrimination against
    Palestinian citizens of Israel and
  • The persistent denial of the UN-sanctioned rights
    of the Palestinian refugees, paramount among
    which is their right to reparations and to return
    to their homes of origin, in accordance with UNGA
    Res. 194.

Already Established ???
  • Israel is an Apartheid State -- throughout the
    land of Palestine ???
  • Israel, as a Zionist State, is and will
    continue to be an enemy to Lebanon and Lebanese
    - ???
  • Israel, as a Zionist State, is and will
    continue to be an enemy to the region
    (dictatorial, oppressive, fascist regimes aside)-
  • Zionism is an enemy to all - ???

Similarities in struggle against apartheid South
Africa and Palestine
Global Anti-Apartheid Movement
  • what prevented South Africas white
    supremacist government from escalating their own
    violence to Israeli levels of cruelty and
    audacity was not that they had greater scruples
    than the Zionist regime. It was recognition that
    they alone could not stand against a global
    anti-apartheid movement that was in solidarity
    with the internal resistance.
  • Israels military deterrent has now been
    repeatedly discredited as a means to force
    Palestinians and other Arabs to accept Zionist
    supremacy as inevitable and permanent. Now, the
    other pillar of Israeli power Western support
    and complicity is starting to crack. We must do
    all we can to push it over. Ali Abunimah, 2009

Boycott/Divestment/Sanctions (BDS)
  • Boycott Form of pressure through
  • Divestment The selling of stocks or bonds from a
    company pro?ting from unjust practices.
  • Sanctions Economic and diplomatic restrictions
    imposed by governments against other governments.

Critical Elements for Change, from the South
African example
  • Sustainability (long-haul)
  • Careful research
  • Linking of struggles
  • Support of Palestinian grassroots organizations
  • and

The Key
  • BDS applies pressure on a target government to
    change its unjust policies by consistently and
    systematically isolating it internationally.
  • So what does that mean for our actions?

Boycott/Divestment/Sanctions (BDS)
  • Boycott Form of pressure through
    non-cooperation. Consumer actions include product
    (economic boycott), academic, cultural, and
    sports boycott.
  • Divestment The selling of stocks or bonds from a
    company pro?ting from unjust practices. This is
    done by institutional investors like churches and
  • Sanctions Economic and diplomatic restrictions
    imposed by governments against other governments.

Which Companies to Boycott?
  • Companies that invest in Israel/OPT
  • Companies that invest in Israeli firms
  • Companies that make gifts to Zionist Charities
  • Companies that support Zionism
  • Companies that open research enters in Israel

From the depth of our hearts thanks to the
IDF. Tel Aviv highway, April 2002
Gush Shalom Moulouk Y. Ba-Isa,
  • Burger Kings branch at Maale Adumim
  • (picture from settlements web-site)

  • Maale Adumim is home to many American immigrants
    who particularly felt at home with the kosher
    Burger King in their midst.From Burger King
    Meddles in Mid-East Politics and Loses
  • in Kosher Today, Sept., 1999

Coca-Cola supports Israel Economically
Prigat Juice
Golan Heights Winery
Neviot Water, 25 M
Kosher Today, Aug. 18, 2003 Sharon Berger,
Jerusalem Post, July 17, 2000 Coca-Cola
stepping into wine market, Yediot Ahranot, Jan.
23, 2002.  
Coca-Cola supports Israel
  • By sponsoring Israeli sports teams
  • Coca-Cola sponsors Israels national basketball
    team, in which it invests great amounts of money
    annually as well as Israeli national marathons,
    tennis competitions, etc.
Coca-Cola supports Israel
  • by promoting Israel as an international arts
  • Coca-Cola funds the yearly public sculpture and
    jazz festival in Arad.
  • While the local Israeli market is small and
    unable to generate significant tax revenue,
    approximately 40 or more of government
    expenditure goes to military. Thus, little money
    is left over for other social services.
  • Social giving literally saves the state money.

Joseph Morgenstern, The Origins of Israeli
High-Tech, Jewish Virtual Library,
By turning this
Askalan, an Arab town, in 1975
into this
A Coca-Cola factory
In 2003, Coca-Cola paid 8.4 million to the
Israel Land Administration for land on which to
build a Coca-Cola factory in Askalan.
A Coca-Cola factory
Elazar Levin, Jerusalem Post, June 15, 2003
Coca-Cola supports Israeli occupation of the
Golan Heights
  • Coca-Colas investment in the Golan Heights
    Winery helps make the occupation economically
    viable and put economic pressure on the Israeli
    government not to return the Golan to Syria.

Commercial vineyards in the Occupied Golan Heights
The Future of Water and Wine, Jerusalem Post,
Dec. 17, 1999
  • So while Coca-Cola in Lebanon plants trees in
    Jezzine to grow a better public relations image

on the other side of the border, Coke is
supporting the community that steals the land and
Kiryat Shmona built on Lebanese land.
Any wonder why theyre drinking Coke in Kiryat
Nestle owns 50.1 of Osem, an Israeli foods
  • Nestle-Osem runs a 700 m2 factory in Sderot,
  • in 2002 the company opened a 1,700 m2 research
    and development (RD) center there.

Nestlein sum
  • builds on stolen Palestinian lands
  • covers up the ruins
  • provides jobs and opportunities that realize the
    Zionist goal of a purely Jewish presence in
  • then sells the products of such an apartheid
    system abroad so that the Israeli economy can

Linking struggles
  • Nestle
  • Coca-Cola
  • McDonalds
  • And many others

More recently in Lebanon
  • Gloria Jeans Coffee (Australian franchise)
  • Has a store in Israel
  • H M (Spanish company)
  • Will open the 1st of 6 planned stores in occupied
    Jerusalem on 11 March

Not just economics
Elton John's world tour includes a concert in Tel
Aviv on June 17, 2010. Others Rod Steward,
Rihanna, and The Pixies to perform this summer.
  • Isolation.

Carlos Santana has already canceled his planned
concert in Jaffa this June, after receiving
several letters from Pro-Palestinian groups, and
Human Rights Groups. He received messages that
'it's better' not to perform in Israel.
(recent) Supporters of BDS
  • Canadian Union of Public Employees Ontarios
    University Workers Coordinating Committee
  • Fédération autonome du collégial (FAC), Quebec
    College Federation
  • Scottish Trade Union Congress
  • An Australian dock workers union
  • British fire fighter union (Fire Brigades Union)
    calls for complete boycott of Israel (August
  • Academics from England, Scotland, France, United

and, in case it is relevant
And Academics in Israel Boycott Us
  • We, as Israeli citizens, raise our voices to
    call on EU leaders use sanctions against
    Israel's brutal policies and join the active
    protests of Bolivia and Venezuela. We appeal to
    the citizens of Europe please attend to the
    Palestinian Human Rights Organisation's call,
    supported by more than 540 Israeli citizens
  • boycott Israeli goods and Israeli institutions
  • follow resolutions such as those made by the
    cities of Athens, Birmingham and Cambridge (US).
  • This is the only road left. Help us all, please!
  • January 17 2009

Victories thus far?
  • In the U.S., Hampshire College (MA) set a
    historic precedent by announcing its divestment
    from 6companies profiting from the Israeli
    occupation. Significantly, Hampshire was also the
    first college in the US to divest from apartheid
    South Africa in the 1970s.
  • In Wales, Cardiff University acceded to demands
    by students and decided to divest from companies
    supporting the occupation.
  • In Britain, Britain's trade unions passed a
    resolution to boycott Israeli goods
  • In South Africa, dock workers refused to off-load
    a ship full of products from Israel after a
    decision by the South African Trade Unions
    Congress to engage in boycott and sanctions
    against apartheid in Israel.
  • In Canada, the Canadian Union of Public Employees
    voted to boycott Israel.
  • In Norway, the Norwegian Pension Fund divestment
    from Israel's security company Elbit

Victories thus far
  • Motorola Israel Ltd sold its Government
    Electronics Department which made several
    products to enable Israels military occupation.
    The protests had called on Motorola and its fully
    owned subsidiary, Motorola Israel Ltd., to end
    their sales of bomb fuses, communication devices,
    and surveillance equipment to the Israeli
  • a global campaign against Lev Leviev's
    Africa-Israel diamond company leading to
    American, Norwegian, and English divestment
  • The French company Veolia withdrew from operating
    the rail project to connect the city center of
    Jerusalem with settlements in the West Bank (June
  • Arab Contractors Company ?

Still more victories
  • There is a shift in the effectiveness of the BDS
    movement against Israel and that if the momentum
    is maintained and strengthened, Israeli
    businessmen may decide to move their headquarters
    away from Israel or to begin to put pressure on
    the Israeli government to begin respecting
    international law and ending the occupation.
    (March 2009)

Meanwhile, in the Arab World
  • the past year has seen
  • the opening of a Lev Leviev diamond store in
  • the opening of Musa Garments, an
    Israeli-Jordanian sweatshop exploiting its
    workers at its Irbid factory
  • Abu Dhabi's Tek Signals collaborating with
    Israel's Orad broadcasting company
  • IBC solid household waste in Saida using
    equipment from the Zionist entity and
  • Barouk station using telecommunications materials
    from the Zionist entity.

  • A Beirut publishing house is currently printing
    the first Arabic translation of Amos Oz's
    best-selling autobiography "A Tale of Love and
  • - Haaretz. March 3, 2010.

Lebanese Israeli trade?
  • The true amount of Arab imports from Israel is
    impossible to establish because neither side
    makes it public, with Israeli-made goods moving
    to Arab customers through third countries -
    Cyprus or the Netherlands, for example, which
    list the shipments as local exports.
  • The hidden trade is worth about US400 million a
    year - about two and a half times what Israel
    sold to its official Arab trading partners, Egypt
    and Jordan, in 2004 - said Gil Feiler, the
    director of Info-Prod Research, a Tel Aviv
    consultancy specializing in Arab markets, and an
    economic professor at Bar Ilan University.
  • Arabs of Lebanese origin in Israel sell
    counterfeit Lebanese certificates of origin
    complete with forged government stamps. Some
    Israeli factories have departments of so-called
    quality control - where any Hebrew writing or
    'Made in Israel' marks are removed from product
    components. "I saw it with my eyes," he said.
    There are even ships that sail from the northern
    Israeli port of Haifa to Beirut, Lebanon - "there
    is a way to do it," Feiler said, adding that the
    Beirut Port Authority would denies the practice

Source Jerusalem Post, 4, March, 2010
But Wait
Lets Assess.
  • The key is De-Legitimization
  • To De-Legitimize Zionism, Israel
  • To ensure that relations with Israel, in any
    form, are not viewed as normal.
  • There is no normality in occupation and

  • Arab regimes used to compete for propaganda for
    the liberation of Palestine. Now certain Arab
    regimes compete for Israeli acceptance.
  • Rather than anti-normalization becoming stronger
    particularly since the Israeli atrocities are
    ongoing and increasing there are those who seek
    to placate and surrender, to weaken the call and
    action towards justice and liberation and rather
    strengthen the acceptance of mere breadcrumbs.
  • The acceptance of mere breadcrumbs will give us
    only breadcrumbs.

Legitimacy of the illegitimate threatened
  • Israel's international standing is in dire
    straits, as the legitimacy of its policies,
    positions, military operations, and even its very
    existence as a Jewish-Democratic state, are
    constantly contested and, as some claim, its
    legitimacy abroad is being eroded.
  • - Winning the Battle of the Narrative. Working
    Paper for the 2010 Herzliya Conference. Feb.
  • "There are millions of Indians who love us, a
    billion Chinese who love us, and millions of
    evangelicals, who love us. We have a problem with
    Sweden, but we're working on it.
  • - Shimon Peres, Feb. 20, 2010. (J. Post)

Lets Remember.
  • Lebanon is not Sweden
  • Lebanon is not Jordan or Egypt

1955 Lebanese Boycott Law
  • IF the 1955 Lebanese Boycott Law did not exist,
    wed call for it
  • IF the Lebanese Boycott Law is not adequately
    enforced, lets enforce it

(No Transcript)
The Statement of Academics in Lebanon
  • . We further call on the enforcement of Lebanese
    anti-normalization laws with Israel, and thus for
    the prosecution of individuals and institutions
    in Lebanon that violate those laws and conduct
    collaborations, associations or investments in
    Israel or with Israelis.

  • What does anti-normalization mean for the
    academic community?
  • What does it mean to separate politics from our
  • We are calling for liberation, for freedom are
    we ourselves free? Specifically, if we as
    organizations - receive funding, say, from
    USAID, will we be free to stand against Israel,
    against Zionism and to stand with Palestinians?

  • Part of this presentation was from a
  • Designed and researched by Kirsten Scheid
  • Picture credits

Official end of presentation.