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Ethical and Moral Issues in Counseling

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Title: Christian Counseling Author: Michael Jones Last modified by: Michael Jones Created Date: 2/23/2009 5:03:54 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ethical and Moral Issues in Counseling


1
Ethical and Moral Issues in Counseling
2
Ethical and Moral Issues in Counseling
MoralsPersonal belief system that affects your
interactions with others in all aspects of your
life. Morals come from Personal values Family
Influence Culture you live in Religious beliefs
3
Ethical and Moral Issues in Counseling
EthicsConduct judged as good or right for a
particular professional group Purpose of
Ethics Educate about the responsibilities of the
profession Provide a basis for accountability Prot
ect clients from unethical practices Provide a
basis for reflection on and improving ones
professional practice
4
Ethical and Moral Issues in Counseling
Two Types of EthicsMandatory ethics Level of
ethical functioning at which counselors simply
act in compliance with minimal standards Aspirati
onal ethics Striving for the optimum standards
of conduct.
5
Laws Agreed upon rules of a society that set
forth the basic principles for living together as
a group. Laws dictate minimum standards of
behavior that society will tolerate Ethics
represent the ideal standards expected by the
professional Laws are created by elected
officials, enforced by police, and interpreted by
judges Ethics are created by the counseling
profession. They are interpreted and enforced by
ethics committees and licensure boards.
6
Ethical Terminology to Know
Autonomy Counselor respects the rights of
clients to choose their own directions, act in
accordance with their beliefs, and control their
own lives. Nonmaleficence Obligation to avoid
actions that will do harm to clients. Beneficence
Obligation to provide services that benefit
the client. Justice Counselors commitment to
fairness in professional relationships
7
Ethical Terminology to Know
Fidelity Fulfilling a responsibility of trust
in the counseling relationship. Veracity The
counselors obligation to deal honesty with
clients. Integrity The motivation to do what
is right because of your belief system and not
due to fear of consequences Discernment The
ability to perceive the ethically relevant
aspects of a situation, know what principles to
apply, and take decisive action.
8
Four Self-Tests on Resolving anEthical Dilemma
Justice Would you treat others the same in this
situation? Universality Would you be willing
to recommend the course of action you followed to
other counselors? Publicity Would you be
willing to have your actions come to light and be
known by others? Moral traces What lingering
feelings of doubt are you experiencing due to
your decision?
9
Privacy, Confidentiality, Privileged
Communication
Privacy (Professional)The right of persons to
decide what information about themselves will be
shared with or withheld from others.
Confidentiality (Ethical)The counselors
obligation to respect the clients privacy and a
promise that information revealed in a session
will be protected from disclosure without their
consent. Privileged Communication (Legal)Laws
that protect clients from having confidential
communications with their counselors disclosed in
a court of law without their permission.
10
Privacy and ConfidentialityAreas of Concern
Client Records Client Communication (Email,
etc.) Communication among therapists Group/Family
Counseling Entrance/Exit of Counseling Center
11
Duty to Warn
The counselor suspects child or elder abuse The
client poses a danger to others The client poses
a danger to self The client has a fatal,
communicable disease and their behavior is
putting others at risk
12
American Association of Christian Counselors
Ethics
Refuse to condone abortion Refuse to assume the
decision for client divorce Refuse to condone
pre-marital or extra-marital sexual behavior or
homosexual behavior Refuse to condone or
advocate for active forms of euthanasia and
assisted suicide Sexual Relations with Former
Clients, Students, and Supervisees Forbidden Do
not withhold services to anyone of a different
faith, religion, denomination, or value system.
13
American Association of Christian Counselors
Ethics
Refuse to condone abortion Refuse to assume the
decision for client divorce Refuse to condone
pre-marital or extra-marital sexual behavior or
homosexual behavior Refuse to condone or
advocate for active forms of euthanasia and
assisted suicide Sexual Relations with Former
Clients, Students, and Supervisees Forbidden Do
not withhold services to anyone of a different
faith, religion, denomination, or value system.
14
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