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Digital Society, Ethics, and Globalization


Navigating virtual space and real space simultaneously can lead to problems. ... where ethical issues are clearly ... Globalization Outsourcing Off shoring Key ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Digital Society, Ethics, and Globalization

Digital Society, Ethics, and Globalization
Chapter 12
  • Living Online
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Privacy Issues
  • Ethics and Social Responsibility
  • Globalization
  • Conclusion

Our Connected World
  • Technology supports an increasingly distributed
    workforce, where portions of product development
    may be accomplished in different parts of the

IBM employees coordinate teams of project workers
from around the globe over high-speed network
connections in the Global Services Network Center
in Boulder, Colorado
12.1 Living Online
Computers and Community
  • Virtual space is the environment that exists in
    the mind rather than in physical space.

Navigating virtual space and real space
simultaneously can lead to problems.
Computers and Community
  • A flash mob is organized via Internet and cell
    phone for the purpose of some public

http// http//
Flash mob at the Louvre, Paris in 2004.
Health Issues Keeping a Balance
  • Balancing time spent in virtual space with time
    in real space can avoid health issues
  • Carpel tunnel syndrome is the aggravation of the
    pathway for nerves that travel through the wrist.
  • Excessive computer use can lead to stress, and

A Balanced Life A Balanced Life
Virtual space Real Space
Alone time Social time
Indoor time Outdoor time
Ergonomics is the study of the design and
positioning of computer equipment for a healthy
work environment.
12.2 Freedom of Speech
Challenging the Establishment and Traditional
  • The Internet has been grasped as a tool to
    empower those who have traditionally been without
    a public voice.

Consumer-generated media is challenging and
complimenting traditional mainstream media.
Laws and Censorship
  • Top 10 Censored Countries
  • North Korea
  • Burma
  • Turkmenistan
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Libya
  • Eritrea
  • Cuba
  • Uzbekistan
  • Syria
  • Belarus
  • Censorship is when a government or authority
    controls speech and other forms of expression.

Chinese army officer oversees internet usage.
Protestors at Stanford against Googles
compliance with censoring in China.
Laws and Censorship
  • Content-filtering software works with the Web
    browser to check each Web site for indecent
    materials (defined by the installer of the
    software) and only allows decent Web pages to
    be displayed

Laws and Censorship
  • Dangerous Information Some information is
    censored because it is deemed to be dangerous to
    the public.

12.3 Privacy Issues
Surveillance Technologies
  • Wiretapping
  • Video Surveillance
  • Audio Surveillance
  • Satellite
  • GPS
  • RFID
  • The Internet/Web
  • Surveillance is the close monitoring of behavior.
  • Computer-controlled surveillance technologies
    combined with ubiquitous networks and powerful
    information processing systems have made it
    possible to gather huge quantities of
    information, video, audio, and communications
    signals and process them to reveal personal

One of thousands of Chicagos Police Cameras
Surveillance Technologies
  • Companies like ChoicePoint collect and combine
    information from the credit bureaus public
    records of numerous local, state, and federal
    government agencies telephone records
  • liens deeds and other sources to develop
    detailed information about individuals,
    businesses, and organizations which it then sells
    to other individuals, businesses, organizations,
    and even government agencies.

12.4 Ethics and Social Responsibility
Computer Ethics
  • Computer Ethics deals with what is generally
    considered right or wrong in regards to computer
  • personal computer ethics are highly subjective
    except in issues of local, state, and federal
    law, where ethical issues are clearly defined
  • Professional computer ethics involve the ethical
    issues faced by professionals in their use of
    computer systems as part of their jobs.
  • Governmental computer ethics include the added
    responsibility of guiding the influence of
    technology on the population.

Government Computer Ethical Issues
  • Accessible Computing for the Disabled

Retailers rethinking Web sites with blind in
mind Tue Oct 24, 2006 1110am ET By Angus Loten,
Some online retailers are rethinking their Web
sites in light of a recent federal court ruling
that says they must be more accessible to the
blind. In a class-action lawsuit filed in
Berkeley, Calif., by the National Federation of
the Blind, a federal district court judge ruled
that the Target online shopping site, which has
no audio component, violated the Americans with
Disabilities Act and could be sued.
Government Computer Ethical Issues
  • Socioeconomic Digital Divides
  • If humans are to utilize the Internet to build a
    global community, it is clear that the more
    affluent neighborhoods in this community cannot
    ignore the needs of the less fortunate.

12.5 Globalization
  • Globalization refers to changes in societies and
    the world economy resulting from dramatically
    increased international trade and cultural
  • The largest contributors to globalization are
    computers, a global telecommunication
    infrastructure, and the Internet.

Shanghai, China
  • Outsourcing is a business use of an outside
    company to take over portions of its workload.
  • Off shoring is a business practice that relocates
    an entire production line to another location,
    typically in another country, in order to enjoy
    cheaper labor, lower taxes, and other forms of
    lower overhead.

Bangalore, the city at the heart of India's
booming information-technology industry
12.6 Conclusion
The Torch
  • The torch is technology. The torch is
    information. The torch is power, freedom, and
    responsibility. You may take up this torch to
    propel yourself forward to meet your personal and
    professional objectives, to achieve more than you
    ever thought possible, to impact those around
    you, your government, your culture, and the
    world. You may take up this torch to propagate
    negativity, hate, and dissonance. Or, you may
    leave this torch for someone else to pick up. The
    choice is yours.

Chapter 12 Questions?