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Self-Finance

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Self-Finance & Sustainable. Nat'l Knowledge Infrastructure. A six (6) ... http://hydra.carleton.ca. Homebrew CDMA. Lucent CDMA 2Mbps-11Mbps. Router FreeBSD. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Self-Finance


1
Self-Finance SustainableNatl Knowledge
Infrastructure
  • A six (6) years experience
  • Onno W. Purbo
  • onno_at_indo.net.id
  • onno_at_itb.ac.id

2
Focus on ..
  • Conceptual Framework
  • Workable Strategies
  • Practical Approaches
  • Derived From ..
  • A 6 years field proven experience ..
  • Self-finance
  • Community Based Sustainable Infrastructure
  • Peoples Empowerment

3
Outline
  • AI3 Indonesia Education Network
  • Practical Technologies
  • Self-Reliance Telecomm Infrastructure
  • Homebrew Knowledge Based Applications
  • Philosophical Aspects
  • Peoples Empowerment
  • Share Collaborative Approaches

4
Indonesia Topology Jan.1993
5
AI3 Indonesia
CAnet3
STARTAP
WIDE
TransPAC
AI3
S-One / SingaREN
APAN
vBNS
AI3 Indonesia
IIX
6
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7
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8
AI3 Indonesia EduNet
  • 25 educational institutions
  • 25 libraries networked
  • 200 internet mailing lists
  • 20.000 active mailing lists users
  • Packet Radio Gateways

9
Further AI3 Indonesia Activities
  • Seminars
  • Workshops
  • Community Telecenter technology roadshow ..

10
Success Factor
  • Community based development.
  • Human Resource Development
  • Culture!
  • Shifting mind set!
  • Self-financing.

11
Practical Technologies
12
Internet Access Technology
  • 1200-9600bps Packet Radio Technology
  • 64-200Kbps High Speed Packet Radio
  • WaveLAN 2-11 Mbps

13
Assumption
  • PC Multimedia Available ..
  • VHF / UHF Rig Available ..
  • You have Rp. 30.000 in your pocket ..

14
Sound Card Packet Radio
15
Sound Card Packet Radio
  • Spec
  • 1200-9600bps
  • PC Sound Card Radio
  • URL
  • http//home.pages.de/flexnet/
  • Search Internet (Keyword)
  • flexnet

16
SoundCard Connection
  • Computer
  • Mic PC
  • Speaker PC
  • Radio / Rig / HT
  • Speaker HT
  • Mic HT
  • PTT

17
PTT FlexNet via Serial
18
PTT FlexNet via Printer
19
PTT FlexNet via MIDI
20
PTT FlexNet via VOX
21
Assumption
  • PC DOS Available ..
  • VHF / UHF Rig Available ..
  • You have Rp. 300.000 in your pocket ..

22
BayCom Packet Radio
23
BayCom Packet Radio
  • Spec
  • 1200
  • PC 286 BayCom Modem Radio
  • URL
  • http//xxx.itb.ac.id/yc1dav/beginner/
  • ftp//ftp.ucsd.edu/hamradio/packet/tcpip/
  • Search Internet (Keyword)
  • baycom

24
Baycom Packet Radio
25
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Homebrew 64-200Kbps
27
64-200Kbps Packet Radio
  • Spec
  • 64-200Kbps
  • PC Linux Homebrew 64-200Kbps
  • URL
  • http//xxx.itb.ac.id/adnan/

28
Homebrew 64-256Kbps packet radio
  • We are prototyping 64-256Kbps packet radio
    network in the lab by adnan_at_itb.ac.id.
  • AX.25 link layer protocol is used.
  • GMSK MX 589 one chip modem is used.
  • We drive the modem via parallel port.
  • MMIC Minicircuit is being build for transverter.

29
Block Diagram
30
Homebrew 64-200Kbps Modem
31
TX RX BoardVHF CB Frequency
32
Assumption
  • You are a large group of people
  • You can spare US3000

33
WaveLAN CDMA
34
WaveLAN CDMA
  • Spec
  • 2Mbps
  • 5-10 km distance
  • Builtin Router Ethernet connector
  • URL
  • http//hydra.carleton.ca

35
Homebrew CDMA
  • Lucent CDMA 2Mbps-11Mbps
  • Router FreeBSD.
  • Homebrew antenna (cost US150).
  • Max. distance 15km (use PA for more).
  • AI3 Indonesia MAN using this technology.

36
PC Card Price Comparison
Manufacturer Mbps Cost
Lucent WaveLAN 1, 2 US495
Proxim RangeLAN 1, 2 US595
Samsung SWL-1000 1, 2 US349
Aironet PC3500 1, 2 US495
BreezeCOM SA-PCR 1, 2, 3 US565
Nortel BayStack 650 1 US499
37
WaveLAN 2.4GHz 11Mbps
38
Antenna 2.4GHz 17dBi
39
In Building Wireless LAN
40
IEEE 802.11 Access Point
41
Proxim RangeLAN 1.5Mbps
42
Access Point Comparisons
Manufacturer Mbps Cost
Aironet SP4500 1, 2 US1595
BreezeCOM 1, 2 US1495
Lucent WavePoint 1, 2 US1885
Proxim 8521 1, 2 US1895
Nortel BayStack 660 1, 2 US1799
43
Community Telecenter
  • Web Access
  • Wingate accounting usage
  • Domain E-mail for All Users
  • Many e-mail 1 domain 1 dial-up

44
A Brief Business Plan
  • Investment
  • Operating Cost (Monthly)
  • Estimated Income

45
Business Overview (x Rp. M)
Business Invest Cost Income RoI
E-mail 300 usr 21 1.2 3 13
Web 10 PC 50 3 5.5 18
Web 3 PC 20 2.2 2.6 ?
46
Share Web Access
47
Share Web Access
Windows95 Wingate
48
Share Web Access
  • Gateway PC
  • Windows95
  • Wingate
  • http//www.shareware.com
  • http//www.download.com

49
Accounting Time
50
Accounting Byte
51
Mapping User
52
Consequences of Web Access
  • Web Access is an expensive commodity.
  • Around Rp. 10.000 / hour.

53
E-mail Access
  • FreeWeb Mail
  • Share one (1) e-mail
  • Specific Domain Many e-mail.

54
E-mail Access
  • Use FreeWeb Mail
  • mail.yahoo.com
  • mailcity.com
  • usa.net
  • An expensive way to access e-mail!! (Around Rp.
    500-1000 / e-mail)

55
E-mail Access
  • All having E-mail
  • One domain
  • One ISP account
  • Subscribe as personal account!
  • No corporate account subscription.

56
How about?
  • One ISP account ...
  • Having your own domain
  • handycraft.oke.com
  • cantik-craft.oke.com
  • Argi-usaha.com
  • Having many e-mail address
  • user_at_host.com

57
How about?
  • No ISP account ...
  • Having your own domain
  • handycraft.oke.com
  • cantik-craft.oke.com
  • Argi-usaha.com
  • Having many e-mail address
  • user_at_host.com

58
How about?
  • Rp. 150 / minute
  • Enough 5-10 minute / day?
  • Cost Rp. 50-200.000 / month?
  • cost of ETRN / DomainPOP service

59
E-mail Access
Windows95 MDaemon
60
Two Alternatives
  • ETRN Service
  • DomainPOP Service

61
E-mail Access
  • Mdaemon
  • http//www.altn.com
  • http//www.mdaemon.com
  • Use DomainPOP Command
  • Look for Domain Forwarding Service
  • etrn-host.itb.ac.id

62
DomainPOP Scenario
63
Player in Mail Service
Domain Forwarding
POP Mail Server on ISP
User Workstation on the LAN
Mail Server To do POPMail
64
Setup / Persiapan E-mail
Operator Setup Domain Forwarding
Domain Forward 1 e-mail addres
Domain Registration MX to host Forwarding
65
Mail Server Dial Internet
Request DomainPOP mail
Dial ke ISP
Sendmail to Server Internet
66
POPMail Server kirim mail
POPMail Send mail
67
User Mengambil Mail
User LAN Get Mail POP3 to Local Mail Server
68
User Mengambil Mail
E-mail Software MS Outlook Express Eudora Web /
Internet Explorer
69
Knowledge Infrastructure
  • Collaborative Environment
  • Distance Learning
  • Digital Library

70
KM vs. MIS?
  • Management Information System
  • Efficiency
  • Knowledge Management
  • Competitiveness

71
The Information World
72
Information Overload
  • Business Professionals Perspective
  • Too little staff to filter material...
  • Too much material to absorb.
  • Too little time absorb it all
  • Too many options to have it delivered.
  • Too many consultants to keep track of.

73
What is Knowledge?
  • Information
  • Data Context
  • Knowledge
  • Information Experience

74
What is Knowledge?
75
What is Knowledge?
  • Building block of a modern organization.
  • Knowledge is Perishable. Becomes Obsolete
    Quickly.
  • Always changing. Renewing is key to competitive
    advantages.
  • Knowledge Power. Share it and it will multiply.

76
Type of Knowledge
  • EXPLICIT
  • Captured in documents, models, rules, processes
    media
  • External communication
  • Examples
  • Best practices
  • White papers
  • Movie
  • TACIT / IMPLICIT
  • Thought process
  • Experience, skills, insight
  • Behaviors, patterns
  • Difficult to communicate
  • Examples
  • What when judgements
  • Business vision
  • Innovation

77
Where is the Information?
Email
FAX
Voice
Documents, presentations, graphics
News
Web Sites
Databases
78
What are we attempting to achieve?
  • Add value to what we have by turning data into
    information and information into knowledge
  • Creation of Ideas through Informational Exchange
  • Valuating and Rating the Ideas Worth
  • Transforming / Implementing the Intellectual
    Asset
  • Monitoring Success

79
Major Components of Knowledge Management
  • Identify Experts
  • Manage Multimedia Content
  • Connect People and Extract Knowledge
  • Facilities for Discussions
  • Grapevine for Targeted Distribution
  • Share and Distribute Knowledge
  • Monitor Success and Reward People

80
What Makes Knowledge Management a Reality?
  • Ideal Working Culture
  • More than Technology
  • With
  • Techknowledgy
  • Good Technology Infrastructure

81
For a Good Working Culture
  • Innovation occurs
  • at the boundaries between mind-sets
  • Build a Team Culture
  • Emphasize Importance of Knowledge Sharing
  • Setup Virtual Teams
  • Setup Discussion/Chat Rooms
  • Maintain Skills Matrix
  • Motivate People
  • Recognize People Involved

82
What Exactly is Knowledge Management?
  • The process of
  • Creating Ideas and
  • Identifying / Capturing
  • Evaluating / Rating / Organizing
  • Storing
  • Sharing
  • Distributing / Retrieving
  • Maintaining
  • a companys collective expertise

83
Enabling Knowledge Management
84
How Internet Enables Knowledge Management?
  • Broad Knowledge Network
  • Eliminates Localness and Asymmetry of Knowledge
  • Created too Many Ideas
  • Biggest informational Asset
  • Success Trends
  • Cost of Ownership
  • Simplicity of Use
  • Global Collaboration
  • Open , Standard Based

85
File Load In
86
Characteristics of KM Solutions
  • Convergence of capabilities
  • Value-added content
  • Personalization Specialization
  • Applied intelligence
  • Communications Collaboration

87
Components in Leveraging Knowledge
88
Knowledge and Content Expertise
89
Knowledge Worker Collaboration
90
Knowledge Management Factors
Working Culture
  • Knowledge Capture
  • Knowledge Analysis
  • Knowledge Leverage
  • Expertise Location
  • Expertise Sharing
  • Strategic Organization Focus
  • Team Focus

91
Homebrew Tools
92
Collaborative Environment
  • Mailing list
  • Distance course
  • Collaborative learning

93
Mailing list
  • Majordomo_at_itb.ac.id
  • 200 mailing list served at ITB
  • 15.000 subscriber
  • We are trying to build the community in Indonesia.

94
Distance Course
  • http//distance-courses.itb.ac.id
  • http//virtual-university.itb.ac.id
  • Dcourse_at_gerbang.lc.itb.ac.id
  • Metra_at_itb.ac.id

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EL-426 Teknologi Informasi
  • http//teknologiinformasi.ee.itb.ac.id

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Collaborative Learning
  • Dcourse_at_gerbang.lc.itb.ac.id
  • Dcourse_at_idmilis.za.org
  • Fira_at_students.itb.ac.id
  • Raka_at_students.itb.ac.id

102
Virtual Rooms
103
Shared White Board
104
Virtual Projector
105
Library Network
  • http//www.lib.itb.ac.id/isis
  • http//digital.lib.itb.ac.id/
  • pustakawan_at_itb.ac.id
  • library-network_at_itb.ac.id

106
Digital Library
  • http//digital.lib.itb.ac.id
  • digilib_at_itb.ac.id
  • ismail_at_itb.ac.id

107
Definition Digital Library
  • Digital Library is a system to process library
    resources such as text, audio video in digital
    format.
  • Digital library normally delivers its on-line
    services via
  • internet
  • intranet

108
Digital Library Services
  • Catalog catalog database ...
  • Information search engine
  • Education self learning...
  • Communication email, fax...
  • Transaction interlibrary loan...

109
Digital Library Features
  • Web browser as user interface.
  • Abstract Catalog online.
  • Search engine full text download.
  • Distance Learning.
  • Multimedia.
  • Library Network with other libraries.

110
Digital Library System
CDS/ ISIS
Catalog Abstract Text Audio Video
Metadata Full text resources
CD-ROM
Librarian Team
Colection
Institution (Intern)
Inter Library Network
  • Services
  • Catalog searching...
  • Information searching...
  • Education self learning, editing...
  • Communication email, bulletin...
  • Transaction request, borrow...

Collection Transaction Member User
Administion Database
Pemakai
111
Digital Library Element
  • Data Physical collection within the library such
    as books, magazine, journal etc.
  • Metadata Information about library collection.
  • Proses Processes imposed toward data its
    metadata.

112
Process Elements
Txt,xls,dbf,...
OPERATOR
Non CDS/ISIS
Entry
Data
conversion to CDS/ISIS
Catalog Abstract
Entry
CDS/ISIS
Upload (FTP binary)
Metadata
WAIS-ISIS Repository
Repository/ Directory of digital data
Entry
Archives
Web Farming Mailing List Archiver spider
Turn it into digital
APACHE PHP Web server
DIGITAL LIBRARY SERVER
OPERATOR
113
Minimal Dlib TopologyProcess Element
PC 200 Mhz 64 MB, 9-40 GB Unix/Linux ApachePHP W
AIS/ISIS SWISH-E MySQL Real Server
PC 166 Mhz 32MB, 1 GB
Router to Internet
DLib Server
Ethernet - LAN Backbone/Hub
PC 200 Mhz 64 MB, 9-40 GB Unix/Linux ApachePHP W
AIS/ISIS SWISH-E MySQL
PC 200 Mhz MMX 32 MB, 4-6 GB CD-ROM SouundBlaster
Video Capture Win 95 Multimedia Apps
PC 166 Mhz 32 MB, 2-6 GB CD-ROM Win
95 IE/Netscape Acrobat Reader Ms Office Scanner
converter apps
Video player
Scanner text-image
DLib Server Mirror (Back-Up)
Operator Workstation
Multimedia Workstation
Cassette player
114
Catalog Online Service
  • Base on CDS/ISIS Database
  • WAIS-ISIS (free) Search Engine
  • Other database format can be used - conversion
    into CDS/ISIS format.
  • Database format which can be transferred into
    CDS/ISIS xls,dbf,txt,
  • 12 Libraries, 40 databases

115
WAIS-ISIS System
Data CDS/ISIS
Data CDS/ISIS
networking
networking
Data CDS/ISIS
cgi
Apache Web server
Dlib Server
116
Full Text Service
  • Enable users to search database content via
    search engine
  • View abstract full text (or other resources)
    download.
  • Resources text, audio, video, compressed file,
    binary, ASCII,...
  • Elements data, metadata, indexer search engine
    (SWISH-E, free)

117
SWISH-E System
  • SWISH-E is an indexer software simple but fast
    search engine ( free).
  • Input File system URL (HTTP).
  • Appropriate for simple digital library.
  • Combine with Apache PHP (html scripting
    language) --gt enable web access more powerful.

118
SWISH-E System
Data
Files/Data Repository
Spidered
Metadata - Title - Author - Subject -
Abstract,...
Indexed
119
Tools
  • Server
  • Web server (apache)
  • Indexer (Wais/Isis, Harvest, Swish-E,
    Dienst,Isite)
  • CGI (YNIS, wwwwais, perl scripts, PHP, dll)
  • Database (POSTGRESQL, Mysql, Msql, dll)
  • OS (Unix FreeBSD, Linux)
  • Mail achiving (hypermail, MhonArc, Procmail)
  • Client
  • Web Browser (IE, Netscape)
  • Adobe Acrobat reader

http//sunsite.berkeley.edu/Tools/
All Free, can be downloaded from Internet
120
Implementation
  • Phase I (at ITB)
  • Search Engine for CDS/ISIS databases
  • Using WAIS/ISIS
  • URL
  • ITB http//www.lib.itb.ac.id/isis
  • PDII LIPI http//202.46.12.145/search.html
  • UMM, Unila, IPB (new)
  • Status
  • 5 servers, 12 libraries, 50 databases
  • Join send database files to ismail_at_itb.ac.id

121
Catalog Map (Phase I)
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Example Catalog Search
Databases collection
Select database
Search result
Catalog view
Librarian response
Ordering
127
Phase II Digital Library
  • Target
  • Papers, theses, dissertation, researches reports
    collection (Indonesian researcher)
  • Indexed and searchable
  • Download full text available
  • Electronic Library Networking
  • Required
  • Storage media (huge ...)
  • Tools for gathering, filtering, categorizing,
    storing, indexing, searching
  • Web site
  • http//digital.lib.itb.ac.id

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Philosophical Aspects
  • Knowledge Power. Share it and it will multiply.
  • Empower People Initiate Community Based
    Movement.
  • Shared Access can be effective Low Cost.

136
Thank You
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