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International phonetic alphabet

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International phonetic alphabet IPA ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: International phonetic alphabet


1
???????? ? ?????????
  • ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????

2
International phonetic alphabet
  • IPA ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? (????????????)
    ???? ?????? ????!

http//www.phonetics.ucla.edu/course/chapter1/flas
h.html
3
???? IPA
  • ????? ?? ???????? ????????????? ??? ?????
    ?????????? ?????, ?? ?????? ?????????????
    ???????? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????????? (?
    ??????? ??????????????????) ????????? ?
    ???????????? ????

4
??????? ??????????? ????
  • ???? ?? ? ??????? ????? ????? ?, R?
  • ????????? vs. ???????? ????????? ????????
    ???????? ? ? ????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???????,
    ????????? ???
  • ? inter alia, ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ??
    ???????????? ???????????? ??????
  • ????? ????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????
    ???????????? (? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????
    ??????????)
  • ????? ????? ????????? ?????????? ????????

5
???????????? ?????????
  • ????????? ????? (? ???????? ??????????????????)
    ???????? ????????????? ?????????????????,
    ????????? ????? ???????, ? ????????? -
    ???????????
  • (????? ???? ? ??????? ????? ????????????? ??????
    ??????)
  • ??????? ? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????
    ???????????? ??????? ?????? ??????

6
?????, ??????, ??????? ??????
  • ???????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????
  • ????????? ?????? ? ? ????????-??????????,
    ??????????-?????????, ???????????
  • ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ? - ?????????,
    ???????????, ??????????
  • ??????????? ????????????

7
?????, ??????, ??????? ??????
  • ???????????? ?????????, ????????-??????????,
    ?????????
  • ? ???????? ????????????? ????? ????? ??????????
    ?????? ???????, ?????????? ????? ????? ?????????
    (???, ??????, ????????????)
  • ?????????
  • ????? ???-??? ???? ?????? ????
  • ???????? ??????-??? ???? ????????? ???????????
  • (?????? 1990 ?? ????????? 2007)

8
??????? 1922, ?????????? ?? Dunn 1999
9
Dunn 2004
  • ???? ????? ????????, ??? ???? ?? ???? ? ???????
    ?????? ????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ?
    ????? ??????, ?? ?? ????????? ? ??????

???????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????
female ceqokal??n cajkok ra?t????
male reqokal??n cajkok ra?t????
10
Dunn 2004
  • ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????
    ???????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???
    ??? ?????? ???????????? ?? ??????
  • ? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????
    ??????????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????
    ????, ??? ???????? ????...
  • ?????????, ??? ???????? ????? ????? ??????????
    ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ????????,
    ??-?? ????? ?????-????????? ???????????? ?
    ??????????????? ?????????.

11
???????? ???????
12
???????????? ???????????? ?? ???????
  • ???????? ????????? ?????????????...
  • (????? 80 ????????? ????????? ????? ? ????????? ?
    ????????)
  • ??? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???????
  • (???????? ? ????????????????? ? ???????????? ?
    ??????-???????????? ??????? ???????????
    ??????????? ???????)

13
?? ???? ???? ??????????? ????????? ??????????????
  • ??????????
  • ?????????????
  • ?????????????/????????????????
  • ???? (?????????)
  • ????????????
  • ??????????????

14
?????????????
  • ?????????, ? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????,
    ?????????? ????? ???????, ???????? ?????,
    ?????????? ???????????? (????????, ???????? 274)
  • ????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ??????????
    ??????
  • ??? ??? ?????, ? ??????-???????????? ?? ??????
    ???????
  • ???????????????? ?? ???????? ? ???????????????
    ?????
  • ??????????, ???????? ??????????, ??????????
  • ? ??????-???????????? ?????????? ????? ?
    ??-???????

15
????????????????
  • ????????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????
    ??????????? ?????, ??? ?????????? ??????????
    ?????? (????????, ???????? 275)
  • ?????????????? ?????????????????
    ????????????????, ????????, ? ???????????
    (?????????????? ?????????????, ????????????????
    ?????????), ? ????????? (????????????????
    ????????? ? ????? ????????? ?????????????)

16
????????????
  • ????? ?????????????, ???????? ?????????? ?
    ??????? ???????? ?????????
  • ????????, ?????????
  • ????? ????????? ????????????????? ???
    ???????????? ?? u
  • ???????? ???????????, ???????????????? ???????

17
??????????????
  • ???????????? ?????? ????????
  • ?????????, ???????, ??????????, ????????
  • ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????
  • ????? ??? ???? ?????
  • ????????? ?????? ? ????????, ?? ?????
    ?????????????? ?? ?????????
  • ?????????, ????????

18
?? ???? ???? ??? ??????????? ?????????
??????????????
  • ?????????
  • ????????
  • ????????, ??????????????, ????????? ? ???????
    ??????? ??????-????????
  • ???????????? ? ????????????
  • ?????? ? ??????-???????????? (???? ? ????????? ?
    ?????????), ?????? ? ??????-????????, ???? (h) ?
    ????????????

19
?????? ????????
  • ?????????????
  • ?? ???????????, ?????????, ????????
  • ???????????
  • ?? ?????????, ???????, ???????
  • ????????????
  • ?? ???????? ???????????
  • ??????? ???????
  • ?? ????????
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