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South Africa

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Swartz, Trey M. Last modified by: Jeff Rupp Created Date: 9/24/2010 2:16:45 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: South Africa


1
South Africa
2
http//www.worldmapnow.com/images/2009/11/south-af
rica-map.gif
3
Tribes in South Africa
  • Zulu
  • Xhosa
  • Sotho

4
AREIAL VIEWTABLE MOUNTAIN BAY
  • http//www.tropicalisland.de/travel_south_africa_c
    ape_town.html

5
Early HistoryA Time Line
  • 1806 British seize Cape of Good Hope
  • 1835 Great Trek
  • 1856 Orange Free State (Afrikaner republic)
  • 1854 Transvaal (Afrikaner republic)
  • 1867 Discovery of Gold
  • 1886 Discovery of Diamonds
  • 1889 1902 The Boer War (British and Dutch
    settlers)

6
The Boers
  • The Boers were white farmers who were descendants
    of the Dutch.
  • They migrated from the Cape because of British
    colonialism and constant border wars between the
    British and the natives.

7
The Great Trek
8
KIMBERLEY
A scene in the Kimberly region of South Africa,
illustrating the handling of diamonds, called
diamond digging, which is somewhat along the
lines of placer gold mining.
  • http//www.palagems.com/kunz_reminiscences2.htm

9
The Boer Wars
  • Fought between the UK and the two Boer republics
  • 1st war
  • short lasting about one year
  • was the struggle between Boer people trying to
    regain their independence.
  • 2nd war
  • longer
  • ended with the conversion of the Boer republics
    and British colonies.

10
THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA
  • 1910 South Africa creates a white minority
    government
  • FEDERATION OF
  • 1. TRANSVAAL
  • 2. ORANGE FREE STATE
  • 3. CAPE (COLONY)
  • 4. NATAL
  • INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
    AGAINST THE BLACK MAJORITY

11
UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA APARTHEID
  • 1911 1926 MINES WORKS ACT
  • Color Ban on certain jobs Salaries for whites
    higher
  • 1913 1936 NATIVES LAND ACTS
  • Land RaidAllocated 13 of total land to the
    black majority and 87 to the white minority
  • 1923 NATIVES ACT (URBAN AREAS)
  • Segregation in residential areas of cities
    Blacks had to carry special papers to stay in
    cities
  • 1937 NATIVES LAWS AMENDMENT ACT
  • Pass laws required Blacks to carry identification
    and authorization to enter white areas.

12
PASSBOOK
http//www.un.org/av/photo/subjects/apartheid.htm
3rd image
13
A Black South African shows his passbook issued
by the Government. Blacks were required to carry
passes that determined where they could live and
work.
14
AFRIKANER NATIONALISM1900-1948
  • 1918 Secret Broederbond
  • Poor education for black Africans
  • 1936 Representation of Voters Act
  • Blacks can only vote for white people
  • LANGUAGE - AFRIKAANS IN THE WESTERN CAPE
  • Unique language originsDutch modified by
    indigenous outside languages
  • SOUTH AFRICA FLAG (1928-1994)

15
  • The Boers and the British ruled together under
    the Union of South Africa.
  • In 1948, the National Party was voted into power
    and instituted a policy of apartheid.
  • The apartheid was a policy of segregation.

http//www.south-africa-tours-and-travel.com/image
s/signboard-from-the-apartheid-era-apartheid.jpg
16
APARTHEID LEGISLATION MANDATED
  • 1950 POPULATION REGISTRATION ACT
  • Registration by Color Forced to register as
    White, Bantu (Black), Asian (Indian Pakistani)
    or Colored (people of mixed race)
  • 1950 GROUP AREAS ACT
  • Geographic Separation in business and residence
  • 1953 RESERVATION OF SEPARATE AMENITIES ACT
  • Segregation of Buses, Parks, and other Public
    Places
  • 1953 Bantu Education Act
  • Separate but Not Equal Enforced Racial
    Discrimination of schools

17
A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982.
18
Segregated public facilities in Johannesburg,
1985.
19
Young, black South Africans looking in on a game
of soccer at an all-white school in Johannesburg.
Government spending, about 10 times more for
white children than for black, clearly showed the
inequality designed to give whites more economic
and political power. Poorly trained teachers,
overcrowded classrooms, and inadequate
recreational facilities were normal for black
children, if in fact they had any schooling
available at all.
20
More Restrictions!!!
  • The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951 and the
    Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act of 1959
    furthered these divisions between the races by
    creating ten African "homelands to be
    self-governed by the various tribes.
  • The Bantu Homelands Citizenship Act of 1970 made
    every black South African a citizen of one of the
    homelands which eliminated black Africans from
    South African politics.

21
BANTUSTANS
22
AFRICAN RESISTANCE TO MINORITY WHITE RULE
  • One Mans Freedom Fighter is Another Mans
    Terrorist
  • 1912 SOUTH AFRICAN NATIVE NATIONAL CONGRESS
    BECOMES THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESSTHE ANC
  • STRIKES, BOYCOTTS AND SYMBOLIC ACTS OF DEFIANCE
  • 1950s DEFIANCE CAMPAIGN MASS RESISTANCEPUBLIC
    DISOBEDIENCE
  • 1955 FREEDOM CHARTER

23
FREEDOM CHARTER 1955
  • We, the People of South Africa, declare for all
    our country and the world to know
  • that South Africa belongs to all who live in it,
    black and white, and that no government can
    justly claim authority
    unless it is based on the
    will of all the people
  • www.sahistory.org.za/

24
AFRICAN RESISTANCE TO MINORITY WHITE RULE
  • 1959 PAN AFRICANIST CONGRESS
  • PAC split from the ANC because
    it objected to the ANCs non-racial
    policies took a bolder approach based more on
    mass action.

25
MASSACRE AT SHARPEVILLE 1960
26
STATE TERRORISM
  • TERROR IS OFTEN AT ITS BLOODIEST WHEN USED BY
    DICTATORIAL GOVERNMENTS AGAINST THEIR OWN
    CITIZENS.

27
REACTIONS TO THE TERRORIST STATE
  • 1961 SOUTH AFRICA IS EXPELLED FROM THE
    COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS
  • MANDELA SPEAR OF THE NATION 200 ACTS OF
    SABOTAGE AGAINST PASS OFFICES, GOVERNMENT
    BUILDINGS, AND POWER SUPPLIES

28
  • 1962 MANDELA ILLEGALLY LEAVES
  • 1. SUPPORT FOR THE ANC
  • 2. TO MILITARY TRAINING.
  • 1962 MANDELA IMPRISONED FOR 3 YEARS
  • 1963 RIVONIA TREASON TRIAL

29
ROBBEN ISLAND
30
ROBBEN ISLAND
  • 12 km FROM CAPE TOWN
  • A PRISON FOR
  • 400 YEARS
  • TO ISOLATE
  • OPPONENTS OF
  • APARTHEID

31
NELSON MANDELA IN PRISON
32
SOUTH AFRICA THE APARTHEID STATE
  • 1970s INCREASED GOVERNMENT REPRESSION
  • COLOR BAN ON FREEDOM OF TRAVEL AND WORKBLACK
    AFRICANS BECOME MORE IMPOVERISHED

33
Grave of the young Black leader, Steve Biko, in
King Williams Town, South Africa. Biko died while
in prison in 1977. During the investigation into
his death, strong evidence was presented that
Biko suffered violent and inhumane treatment
during his imprisonment.
34
SOWETO TOWNSHIP
  • 20 km FROM JOHANNESBURG
  • LARGEST BLACK URBAN COMMUNITY COMPRISING THE
    BLACK COMMUNITIES OF THE SOUTHWESTERN TOWNSHIPS

35
SOWETO TOWNWHIP
36
SOWETO STUDENT MASSACRE 1976
  • STUDENT RIOT AGAINST GOVERNMENT MANDATE TO TEACH
    AFRIKAANS LANGUAGE
  • 1,000 DEAD
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