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Civil Defence Command Centers for New Century (Emergency Operation Center)

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Title: Civil Defence Command Centers for New Century (Emergency Operation Center)


1
Civil Defence Command Centers for New Century
(Emergency Operation Center)
ByDr Rahul Ralegaonkar
2
  • BACKGROUND
  • Frequency of disasters- growing vulnerability,
    and changing climate patterns.
  • Breaking the cycle of destruction and
    reconstruction- Address the root causes of
    vulnerability.
  • Causes of vulnerability- Rapid and uncontrolled
    urbanization, mismanagement of natural resources,
    inefficient public policies, and lagging
    misguided investments in infrastructure.

3
Disasters Natural Man-Made
4
  • Disaster Assessment Natural Man-Made
  • Earthquakes Mapping geological lineaments land
    use, Geodynamic measurements of strain
    accumulation, Locate stricken areas, map damage
  • Flash floods Land use maps, Local rainfall
    measurements, Map flood damage, Major floods,
    Flood plain maps Land use maps, Regional
    rainfall Evapotranspiration, Map extent of
    floods
  • Cyclones Synoptic weather forecasts, Map extent
    of damage, Tornadoes
  • Drought Long ranged climate models, Monitoring
    vegetative biomass
  • Volcanic eruptions Topographic and land use
    maps, Detection/ measurement of gaseous
    emissions, Mapping lava flows, ash falls and
    lahars, map damage
  • Landslides Topographic and land use maps,
    Rainfall, slope stability, Mapping slide area
  • Storm surge Land use and land cover maps, Sea
    state ocean surface wind velocities, Map extent
    of damage
  • Nowcasts local weather Local weather
    observations, Map amount, extent of damage

5
Need for Planning
  • Disaster Planning- Predicting the risk of an
    event and possible impacts of the event to human
    life, property, and the environment.
  • Disaster Modeling- allows disaster managers to
    view the scope of a disaster, where the damage
    may be the greatest, what lives and property are
    at highest risk, and what response resources are
    required where.
  • (i) Hazard assessment and vulnerability analysis
  • (ii) Mitigation and preparedness
  • (iii) Pre-disaster phase
  • (iv) Response
  • (v) Loss and damage assessment
  • (vi) Rehabilitation and reconstruction

6
Disaster Management Stages
  • Mitigation and Prevention Actions you take to
    identify preventable and unavoidable disasters
    and to address what can be done to eliminate or
    reduce the likelihood of a disaster and/or its
    accompanying risks
  • Preparedness Consideration of worst-case
    scenarios and development of comprehensive plan
    for coordinated and effective response to any
    given disaster
  • Response Execution of the preparedness plan and
    management of the disaster
  • Recovery Efficient and timely restoration of
    mission-critical operations and processes

7
  • Disaster Management-Goals
  • Response requirements, protection needs can be
    determined for areas at highest risk.
  • Emergency disaster management requires response,
    incident mapping, establishing priorities,
    developing action plans, and implementing the
    plan to protect lives, property, and the
    environment.
  • Disaster managers should have quickly access and
    visual display of critical information by
    location. This information facilitates the
    development of action plans that are printed or
    transmitted to disaster response personnel for
    the coordination and implementation of emergency
    efforts.
  • Records ManagementRecord keeping is the most
    critical task for disaster management. Claims,
    status of repairs, required repair work,
    personnel, and so forth, can be difficult to
    maintain and account for.

8
An example- Earthquake Damage Prediction
  • Locate the epicenter and Intensity of earthquake.
  • Damaged area distance from the epicenter-
    demarcate a severely damaged area ,moderate
    damaged, and least affected area with the help of
    images.
  • Based on above information we need to provide a
    base relief operation.
  • Area which needs most quicker relief, Man-power,
    Shortest route to provide medical facility, Food,
    shelter, and other basic needs.
  • Transportation roads / highways / public
    transportation / airport /seaport
  • Parcels building footprint and typology

9
  • Infrastructure utilities / water and wastewater
    / power supply andelectricity
  • Landscape features water bodies / open?spaces /
    slope andterrain / soil types.
  • Major population centers?hospitals / stadiums /
    schools anduniversities / movies theaters /
    shopping centers.
  • Population growth will be factored to establish a
    set of scenarios outlining the future regional
    structure, indicating some preliminary
    preferences.
  • Some form of government intervention is required
    here to guide the planning team on the desired
    growth pattern to be implemented.

10
  • Emergency (E) Management- better prepared,
    respond faster and recover more quickly.
  • E Team provides a common operational view of an
    incident such that all parties involved in the
    response are in full coordination.
  • E Team assists with
  • Tracking managing incidents events
  • Gathering sharing critical information
  • Assessing impact on critical infrastructure
  • Determining response capabilities across
    organizations
  • Notifying alerting key parties involved in the
    response
  • Executing procedures protocols
  • Coordinating a multi-agency response
  • Requesting, deploying tracking resources

11
Departments and Roles
THIS INFORMATION COMES FROM MANY DIFFERENT
SOURCES AND AT PRESENT IT IS DIFFICULT TO BRING
IT ALL TOGETHER- Develop a culture of
self-reliance.
12
Organizational Roles
1. Organize the Planning Process 2. Disaster
Defined 3. Data Collection Documentation
addressed 4. Recovery Strategies assessed /
reviewed 5. Customize Finalize the Plan 6. Test
Maintain the Plan 7. Performing a Risk
Assessment 8. Format of the Disaster Recovery
Plan 9. Identify Incident Response Team and Chain
of Command 10. Provide Resources 11. Develop a
Staged Shutdown 12. Coordinating With
Partners 13. Conduct periodic audits of the
plan
13
  • EMERGENCY OPERATION CENTER (EOC)

14
An EOC is the physical location where
organizations comes together during an emergency
to coordinate response and recovery actions and
resources. Serves a number of purposes
including operations, training, meetings and
other uses. EOC- Flexible, interoperable,
secure software system that will make life much
easier regardless of size and complexity of
disaster.  - Information sharing
(Multiagency Coordination Systems) and decision
making Advantages 1. Good information
management tool (Contingency managers can create
and organize their plans) 2. Incident Command
System (ICS) (Conduct of emergency operations by
providing a management structure and system)
3.Proper coordination of information management
(optimize communication), decisions and resources
facilitation.
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EOC-Resource Management
  • Establishing systems for describing,
    inventorying, requesting and tracking resources
  • Activating the systems prior to, during and after
    an incident
  • Dispatching resources prior, during and after an
    incident
  • Deactivating or recalling resources during or
    after an incident

Data forms Forms, Reports, Charts,
Checklist, Massage, Weather Service, Common
alerting protocol, Pocket PC compatible, Map
Support, Web based, Client Server Technology,
Simulation, Security, Data Linking.
  • Development of standards, including
  • Training
  • Equipment Certifications
  • Experience
  • Credentialing
  • Currency requirements
  • Physical and medical fitness

17
EOC Organization
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EOC- Joint Information Centre (JIC)
Must follow established JIC protocols
21
  • Paper-Based Emergency Information Management
  • System If electronic emergency information
    systems are not available, paper logs will be
    used to record events, communications messages,
    damage assessments, situation reports, resources
    utilized, man-hours expended, etc.
  • Record Storage Hard copy data will be stored in
    a secure location

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EOC Design Components
  • A state-of-the-art EOC may have computer
    generated displays projected on several
    contiguous large screens located along a wall.
    These projections can integrate status boards,
    maps, charts, briefing slides, CCTV, Video
    teleconferencing, TV (weather channel/CNN), live
    plume models, plans, procedures, checklists, etc.
  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Communications
  • Facilities
  • People
  • Other resources

29
  • E-management resources
  • - The internet/intranet- voice and video
    teleconferencing (recorded)- phones with lights
    instead of ringers and, headsets for hands free
    operation- automated displays featuring status
    boards and maps with motion- raised access
    flooring for easy installation of
    telecommunications- acoustic walls and ceilings,
    and static-free carpeted floors- task lighting
    at each position- large screen room displays in
    virtual windows- systems furniture including
    ergonomic chairs- digital clock systems
    (accurate to a millisecond)- cameras and video
    recording- automated checklists and forms and
    computerized reference documents- human factored
    lighting and colors- mission driven seating
    configurations- Decision-makers that are facing
    away from traffic flow within the room

30
  • Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP Center)
  • A PSAP is a 24X7 operation that typically has two
    critical activities or areas we can refer to as
    the "dispatcher area" (where the Call Takers
    and/or Dispatchers are located) and the
    "equipment room" (where the critical systems are
    housed).
  • The PSAP serves as the focal point for high
    density communications utilizing phones, radios,
    speakers, position-to-position voice
    communications and occasional foot traffic from
    shift changes, visitors, etc.

31
Virtual EOC
  • Two-way audio-vidual communicationsa structured
    mechanism for receiving and sending information.
  • Automated response and recovery checklists...
  • Alert notifications

32
EOC Decision Making
  • Strong management will be needed during EOC
    operations. EOCs should be activated as soon as
    possible to ensure that rapid decision making can
    occur. During the incident response phase, the
    real-time tracking of incidents and response
    resources is critical. Resources may be in short
    supply while multiple requests for services pile
    up. An operations log capability in needed to
    fulfill the requirement of documenting, tracking,
    and managing the response to an infinite number
    of concurrent incidents.

33
Typical Status Board Displays Chronological,
"Timeline" or "Significant Events"
This display records all reports entered into the
system that meet the criteria for entry. Reports
are posted in the order received and are
referenced by the Time of Receipt (TOR).
Typically, the Time of Occurrence (TOC) is
recorded in the narrative. If you had only one
status board this is the one you would need.
These displays can be filtered and sorted as
well. Multiple chronological displays can be
maintained. Examples are A log of all reports
to the system can be maintained a log of
Significant Events can be maintained a log of
reports by category can also be maintained.
Categorical Displays help us manage high volume
information flow by breaking it down into
functional groups.
34
Multi Input Displays Video windowing processors (or multiviewers) with multiple window display, picture-in-picture, split screen, and full screen modes. Input NTSC/PAL, S-Video, component, HDTV and RGB/DVI signals up to 1920 x 1200 pixel resolution for the intelligent display of multimedia information.
Video Walls Multi screen displays offers real time performance, easy installation, and 24/7 reliability.
35
Recording Computer and other imagery may be recorded in a variety of digital and analog formats, JPEG 2000, MPEG-2, and broadcast video.
Video Transmission Streaming For mission critical applications where maintaining the highest possible signal quality is required.
36
  • PHOTONICS is being studied today as a possible
    alternate technology for the future.
    Investigations are on to harness the capability
    of the photon to carry information and energy.
    Fortunately, success has already been achieved in
    the area of communications.
  • Optical fibers, not copper cables, are already
    being used to carry huge amounts of information
    across the great oceans. Even the internet cables
    around us are now optical and not electronic.
    However, communication is only one of the three
    C' s, that has been taken care of, the other two
    being computing and control.
  • Photonic switches and optical computers are
    still in the laboratories and not yet in the
    marketplace. The major bottleneck in this area is
    not in solving technological problems or in
    perfecting theoretical understanding, but in
    developing suitable materials.

37
  • Photonics is the science of generating,
    controlling, and detecting photons, particularly
    in the visible and near infra-red spectrum, but
    also extending to the ultraviolet (0.2 - 0.35 µm
    wavelength), long-wave infrared (8 - 12 µm
    wavelength), and far-infrared/THz portion of the
    spectrum (e.g., 2-4 THz corresponding to 75-150
    µm wavelength) where today quantum cascade lasers
    are being actively developed. Photonics is an
    outgrowth of the first practical semiconductor
    light emitters.
  • Semiconductor photonic devices include optical
    data recording, fiber optic telecommunications,
    laser printing (based on xerography), displays,
    and optical pumping of high-power lasers.
  • The potential applications of photonics are
    virtually unlimited and include chemical
    synthesis, medical diagnostics, on-chip data
    communication, laser defense, and fusion energy,
    etc.

38
  • The Nature of Optical Nonlinearity
  • Spectroscopic characterization and analysis of
    materials using the techniques of optical
    absorption, luminescence, Raman scattering are
    standard techniques in research. These studies
    help in structure analysis and in understanding
    the electronic processes and energy levels in
    systems. Several interesting photochemical
    processes and reactions such as photosynthesis
    have attracted the attentions of Materials
    Scientists and Biologists. The advent of lasers
    has revolutionized optical technology including
    spectroscopic instrumentation.
  • The high intensity radiation from lasers is also
    capable of causing new processes to occur in
    materials. In such cases, most of the materials
    can have a nonlinear interaction' with the
    electric field. The nonlinear interaction results
    in several novel processes, which have the
    potential for communication, control and
    computing applications.

39
  • VME BoardsFor a mobile system or other
    environment where space is an issue, a
    board-level version of multi-input display
    processors may be more appropriate than a stand
    alone peripheral.
  • Scan ConvertersVideo scan conversion offering
    broadcast quality NTSC/PAL, S-Video, CCIR 601,
    etc.

40
  • Universal Scalers
  • Improve the quality of projected video by
    scaling the input signal to match the native
    resolutions of any projector.
  • Overlayers/KeyersOverlayers are used to combine
    images, e.g. a HUD on a OTW display for
    simulators, with all or part of one visible over
    the other. The product offers a variety of
    features and capabilities, including single line
    overlay accuracy, extractions, and independent
    input and output resolutions up to 1900x1200
    pixels.

41
  • RGB Matrix Switchers
  • Routing Switchers are the perfect solutions for
    high demand, mission critical applications where
    maintaining the highest possible signal quality
    is required. These systems provide modular
    configurations that allow the combination of
    signal types (RGB/Audio/Composite/Component/S-Vide
    o) in a single chassis.
  • DVI Matrix Switchers
  • DVI Routing Switchers are the perfect solutions
    for mission critical applications where
    maintaining the highest possible signal quality
    is required.

42
The portable outdoor Pan Tilt Zoom Monitoring and
Recording system The system comes with four
compact 12VDC OPTZ cameras, facilitating rapid
deployment on the 9 foot tripods. The VIPER4-R
has a fully integrated rugged control case with a
15 LCD Monitor and built-in 160GB digital video
recorder. powervideo- The cables are supplied
on reels to allow quick deployment and easy
storage. Encrypted Secure Wireless Video
Transmission with a range of up to 1 mile. 12VDC
or AC powered. The system is powered from a
single power input ( AC or DC ) which is
distributed through the control case and to the
cameras or optional wireless receivers. The
system flexibility can be optionally expanded for
remote wireless use with the 12VDC 5.8Ghz The
VIPER4-R Shown Hardwired (Optional Wireless )
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Networking
  • Networking is a complex part of computing that
    makes up most of the IT Industry. Without
    networks, almost all communication in the world
    would cease to happen. It is because of
    networking that telephones, televisions, the
    internet, etc. work.
  • One way to categorize computer networks are by
    their geographic scope, although many real-world
    networks interconnect Local Area Networks (LAN)
    via Wide Area Networks (WAN).

47
Router
A router is a device that determines the proper
path for data to travel between different
networks, and forwards data packets to the next
device along this path. They connect networks
together a LAN to a WAN for example, to access
the Internet. Some units, like the Cisco 1800
(pictured), are available in both wired and
wireless models.
Modem
Short for modulator-demodulator. A modem is a
device or program that enables a computer to
transmit data over, for example, telephone or
cable lines. Computer information is stored
digitally, whereas information transmitted over
telephone lines is transmitted in the form of
analog waves. A modem converts between these two
forms. Fortunately, there is one standard
interface for connecting external modems to
computers called RS-232. Consequently, any
external modem can be attached to any computer
that has an RS-232 port, which almost all
personal computers have. There are also modems
that come as an expansion board that you can
insert into a vacant expansion slot. These are
sometimes called onboard or internal modems.
48
  • Switches
  • A network switch is a computer networking device
    that connects network segments.

A network card, network adapter or NIC (network
interface card) is a piece of computer hardware
designed to allow computers to communicate over a
computer network
This switch has 48 ports Low-end network switches
appear nearly identical to network hubs, but a
switch contains more "intelligence" (and a
slightly higher price tag) than a network hub.
Network switches are capable of inspecting data
packets as they are received, determining the
source and destination device of that packet, and
forwarding it appropriately. By delivering each
message only to the connected device it was
intended for, a network switch conserves network
bandwidth and offers generally better performance
than a hub. As with hubs, Ethernet
implementations of network switches are the most
common. Mainstream Ethernet network switches
support either 10/100 Mbit/s or 10/100/1000
Mbit/s ports Ethernet standards. Large switches
may have 10 Gbit/s ports. The network switch,
packet switch (or just switch) plays an integral
part in most Ethernet local area networks or
LANs.
49
  • Networking
  • Computer networking is the engineering discipline
    concerned with communication between computer
    systems or devices.
  • Communicating computer systems constitute a
    computer network and these networks generally
    involve at least two devices capable of being
    networked with at least one usually being a
    computer. The devices can be separated by a few
    meters (e.g. via Bluetooth) or nearly unlimited
    distances
  • A computer network is any set of computers or
    devices connected to each other. Examples of
    networks are the Internet, or a small home local
    area network (LAN) with two computers connected
    with standard networking cables connecting to a
    network interface card in each computer. All
    modern aspects of the Public Switched Telephone
    Network (PSTN) are computer-controlled, and
    telephony increasingly runs over the Internet
    Protocol, although not necessarily the public
    Internet.
  • Local Area Network (LAN)
  • A Local Area Network is a network that spans a
    relatively small space and provides services to a
    small amount of people. Depending on the amount
    of people that use a Local Area Network, a
    peer-to-peer or client-server method of
    networking may be used. A peer-to-peer network is
    where each client shares their resources with
    other workstations in the network.

50
A Local Area Network is a network that spans a
relatively small space and provides services to a
small amount of people. Depending on the amount
of people that use a Local Area Network, a
peer-to-peer or client-server method of
networking may be used. A peer-to-peer network is
where each client shares their resources with
other workstations in the network.
51
Wide Area Network (WAN)
A Wide Area Network is a network where a wide
variety of resources are deployed across a large
domestic area or internationally. An example of
this is a multinational business that uses a WAN
to interconnect their offices in different
countries. The largest and best example of a WAN
is the Internet, which is the largest network in
the world. The PSTN (Public Switched Telephone
Network) also is an extremely large network that
is converging to use Internet technologies,
although not necessarily through the public
Internet.
52
  • Wireless Networks (WLAN, WWAN)
  • A wireless network is basically the same as a LAN
    or a WAN but there are no wires between hosts and
    servers. The data is transferred over sets of
    radio transceivers. These types of networks are
    beneficial when it is too costly or inconvenient
    to run the necessary cables.
  • Types of connectivity
  • Wi-Fi
  • Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the
    Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the
    interoperability of wireless local area network
    products based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
  • A Wi-Fi enabled device such as a PC, cell phone
    or PDA can connect to the Internet when within
    range of a wireless network connected to the
    Internet. The area covered by one or several
    interconnected access points is called a hotspot.
    Hotspots can cover as little as a single room
    with wireless-opaque walls or as much as many
    square miles covered by overlapping access
    points. Wi-Fi can also be used to create a mesh
    network. Both architectures are used in community
    networks.

53
  • Advantages of Wi-Fi
  • Wi-Fi allows LANs to be deployed without cabling
    for client devices, typically reducing the costs
    of network deployment and expansion. Spaces where
    cables cannot be run, such as outdoor areas and
    historical buildings, can host wireless LANs.
  • As of 2007 wireless network adapters are built
    into most modern laptops. The price of chipsets
    for Wi-Fi continues to drop, making it an
    economical networking option included in ever
    more devices. Wi-Fi has become widespread in
    corporate infrastructures, which also helps with
    the deployment of RFID technology that can
    piggyback on Wi-Fi
  • VPN
  • A virtual private network (VPN) is a
    communications network tunneled through another
    network, and dedicated for a specific network.
    One common application is secure communications
    through the public Internet, but a VPN need not
    have explicit security features, such as
    authentication or content encryption. VPNs, for
    example, can be used to separate out the traffic
    of different user communities over an underlying
    network with strong security features.
  • Connectivity to Internet
  • Dialup
  • Broad Band
  • Lease Line
  • Cable net

54
  • Other types of computer network
  • As your business develops, you might wish to
    consider other networks such as wide area
    networks (WANs), virtual private networks (VPNs),
    intranets and extranets. These networks each
    offer different business benefits, such as
    linking together systems in different offices,
    allowing remote workers to access your office
    systems securely, or providing up-to-date
    information for your staff and business partners.
  • WANs are used by companies with offices at
    different locations. The WAN connects different
    local area networks together, into a more complex
    network. You will need to use client/server
    networks, which are based around central server
    computers, so that you can connect the various
    servers over a telecommunications network. WANs
    use cables/lines that are leased from a telecoms
    company.
  • A VPN allows the user to connect across the
    Internet to the business' private network. It
    creates a secure link between the remote worker's
    computer and the central system. A VPN can be
    cheaper to use than leased lines or domestic-type
    broadband connections.

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Equipments and Networking
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EmerGeo Architecture
Clients
Smart Client (Mobile / Tools)
Web Client(Viewer Only)
Intranet / Internet
Servers
Shared or separate servers
WebEOC Server(SQL 2000 can be shared with
EmerGeo)
EmerGeo Server
Optional WMS/WFS Data Connectors
OpenGIS-enabled GIS SystemsESRIIntergraphMapInf
oAutoDeskOthers
Data Servers
Web Map Services / Web Feature Services
59
Enabling Interoperability through Integration
Internet/Intranet Applications
Analytical Models
WebEOCEmerGeo
(Base Map Data)
Video Surveillance
Wireless Applications (GPS)
Computer Aided Dispatch
Facility Databases(Critical Infrastructure)
Messaging Systems
60
  • Cyber Security for the Digital District

Security and IT-
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  • Security All measures that monitor or restrict
    access to the system, such as locks, surveillance
    cameras, guards, fences, and entry control
    systems.
  • Sound backup system based on priorities
  • Electronic and paper backup of vital records (and
    plan!)
  • Offsite backups and data storage
  • Offsite office/redundant data center
  • Remote data replication and outsourcing
  • Egress access from the EOC network to the
    Internet occurs through the local router's
    Network Address Translation (NAT) capability.
    Egress filtering is limited because of the
    variety of protocols used by agencies that may
    partner with the EOC in case of emergency. For
    example, assisting staff from local, state, and
    federal agencies may each require outbound
    connectivity to a different set of ports and
    destinations to facilitate access back to their
    organizations' networks. Because of the way
    Groove utilizes relay servers, workspace
    synchronization can also occur over this NAT
    connection. In the future, if we choose to
    implement more strict egress filtering, Groove
    would still function by wrapping its
    communications within HTTP frames for outbound
    access.

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Security and Emergency Management
  • Operational areas, including CCTV, Security, and
    Emergency Management
  • Customs House loading dock
  • Security incident database
  • Corporate security risk assessment
  • Corporate Security Plan
  • Alarm system remedial works
  • Mail handling and receipt of goods
  • Security alert procedures
  • On-line visitor and contractor management system
  • National Code of Practice for CCTV Systems for
    the Mass Passenger Transport for Counter
    Terrorism

63
  • Security-Biometrics
  • face the analysis of facial characteristics
  • fingerprint the analysis of an individuals
    unique fingerprints
  • hand geometry the analysis of the shape of the
    hand and the length of the fingers
  • retina the analysis of the capillary vessels
    located at the back of the eye
  • iris the analysis of the colored ring that
    surrounds the eyes pupil
  • signature the analysis of the way a person signs
    his name.
  • vein the analysis of pattern of veins in the
    back if the hand and the wrist
  • voice the analysis of the tone, pitch, cadence
    and frequency of a persons voice.
  • CCTV
  • The development of novel sensor-centric data
    fusion models appropriate to fusion of disparate
    range and image data
  • Fusion of complex, information-rich,
    probabilistic representations of geometric and
    physical properties and
  • development of endogenous data fusion and
    communication algorithms appropriate to
    large-scale distributed sensor networks.

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Through Panel Remote Access Interface Modules
For Access control application Master slave
where multiple slaves can be connected to a
master unit and Master is connected to computer.
Master Recorder can be installed at entry and the
slaves at the gate where access control is
required. A person first punches in the Master
and then in a slave to get entry to restricted
premises. If he/she does not punch in the Master
than slave will not accept the punch and entry
will be denied. This ensures entry into
restricted area only after one punches in master
i.e. for attendance.
65
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a method
of remotely storing and retrieving data using
devices called RFID tags. An RFID tag is a small
object, such as an adhesive sticker, that can be
attached to or incorporated into a product. RFID
tags contain antennae to enable them to receive
and respond to radio-frequency queries from an
RFID transceiver. RFID tags can be either active
or passive.
Another proposed application is the use of RFID
as intelligent traffic signals on the road (Road
Beacon System or RBS).
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Building on Groove and SharePoint
SharePoint is the core of EOC communication
platform, providing an easy-to-use, full-featured
Web site for storing documents, contacts, and
task lists. Because it's a Web-based application,
we can easily make its content available to
anyone physically in the EOC building or anywhere
on the Internet (assuming we have network
connectivity). What we can't do with SharePoint
is take the data offline, and that's where Groove
comes in. Groove provides key pieces of the
overall solution. Through its Mobile Workspace
for SharePoint, Groove allows us to take the
entire SharePoint site and make it available
offline. Groove users synchronize the contents of
the SharePoint site to their local computers and
can then view, edit, and add to the site even if
they don't have a network connection. When they
reconnect, the content is automatically
synchronized back to SharePoint for the rest of
the EOC to use.
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Using Groove forms, we can quickly and easily
collect large amounts of data in any emergency
situation. Groove can track the location and
health of thousands of evacuees and volunteers.
Users could take a Groove-equipped laptop to a
site with no power or network connectivity,
collect as much information as battery power
allowed, then return to a place with network
connectivity. As soon as the Groove client
reconnected back to the workspace, it began
synchronizing the data collected offline with all
its peers This is a tremendously powerful
capability because it allows us to rapidly
integrate dispersed information into a single
distributed database.
 Synchronizing Data through Groove and Sharepoint
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  • BASIS FOR EOC- TOOLS?

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Mapping, Database Construction and Decision Making
  • Resource Mapping hospitals, police stations,
    transport services, blood banks, medicine shops,
    doctors, cranes, tent suppliers, water suppliers,
    ST depots, NGOs, fire stations etc.
  • Applications- record keeping and status of
    ongoing work, risk assessment scenario analysis
    or analysis of consequences forecast and
    projection dissemination of information
    allocation of personnel, equipment and other
    resources reaching various affected areas by
    relief personnel damage assessment and so on.

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Information Technology- Issues (conceptual,
technical, socio-technical, political,
institutional and financial perspectives)
  • Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Remote
    Sensing (RS), and Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • The integration of such technologies with each
    other and with other technologies such as
    decision support systems (DSS), the
    world-wide-web and simulators has created more
    effective disaster management.
  • Developing Spatial Data Infrastructure to
    Facilitate Disaster Management
  • Emergency Response Modeling and Simulation
    Systems (ERMSSs)
  • The access networks- inter- and intranets, policy
    and standards
  • Parallel Computing- Distributed computing
  • A web-based disaster management system for data
    sharing, data exchange and data analysis using an
    SDI model.

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  • National Natural Disaster Knowledge Network-
    (Nanadisk-Net) Digital Library Multilinguistic
    and e-training-
  • It is a platform to facilitate an interactive
    dialogue with all government departments,
    research institutions, universities,
    community-based organizations and even
    individuals. The network acts as a digital
    library service and facilitates access to global
    databases and early warning systems in a
    significant way. The Knowledge Network is
    designed to give a boost to technical cooperation
    among developing countries and to expand
    international relationships to include exchange
    of information and transfer of technology.
    Nanadisk-Net also promotes e-training and have
    the feature of many languages through a
    translation software.

The Information System is structured at four
levels First level National Government
(through the Standing Committee for Protection of
the Population in the Events of Major Natural and
Man-Made Disasters /SCPP/ under the Council of
Ministers the National Situation Center at the
State Agency for Civil Protection (SACP),
ministries and agencies) Second level
district administrations Third level
municipalities Fourth level peripheral
(high-risk industrial or business facilities,
power stations, sensitive points, research sites,
observatories, warning and alert systems, etc.).
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Flood Forecast Management
The Flood Watch interface allows users to carry
out all forecasting activities, ranging from
telemetric data collection through to model
simulations and production of flood maps from a
single consistent user interface.
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(MIGRAN) The graphical and interactive features
of MIGRAN make it a highly effective tool for the
transportation planner. The ultimate use of
MIGRAN lies in the analysis of the impact of link
additions and improvements. The planner can study
the MIGRAN output and determine which links in
the network need improvement. Alternatively, he
may consider adding some links to divert traffic
from critical paths. The modified network can be
analysed by MIGRAN and the output of the two
networks can then be compared by MIGRAN to assess
the impact of the changes on the level of
service.
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  • MIGSOS was developed to design isolated signals
    and simulate the movement of vehicles. After the
    signal timings have been determined, the software
    generates the vehicles in a Poisson stream and
    animates their movement on the screen. The
    planner can study the effect of timing changes on
    the overall delay at the junction.

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QUICK ACCESS TO RESCUE DURING EMERGENCY
  • The modeled system was developed to save time by
    displaying routes having minimum travel time from
    Ambulance - accident spot - Hospital.

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  • Road Accident Database
  • Automatic generation of collision diagram with
    vehicular movements
  • Advanced querying and reporting
  • Many new advanced features like
  • High accident location identification
  • Scenario Analysis
  • Spot / Intersection Analysis
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Strip / Corridor Analysis
  • Ability to add Accident photograph or location
    photograph along with the accident data.

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Geomatics in e-Governance
Geomatics or Geographic Informatics encompasses
all aspects of geo-referenced data viz.
acquisition, integration, decision support and
dissemination. Its applications are fundamental
to population growth, economic development and
consumption of natural resources. Geomatics
addresses the vital elements of any information
system viz. geographic measurement,
geo-accounting, spatial analysis and integrated
decision-making. Geomatics comprises of remote
sensing, photogrammetry, geographical information
system (GIS), cartography and GPS.
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E-Governance using Geomatics
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  • Rural road information
  • As e-Gram Suvidha encompasses rural road
    inventory, key information corresponding to any
    selected road segment on the map can be easily
    obtained. The road information may consist of
    category of the road (NH National Highways, SH
    State Highways, MDR Major District Road, ODR
    Other District Road, OR Other Roads) and type of
    the road (BT Black Top, WBM, Earthen, Gravel),
    status (poor/good/average), length of road,
    population and villages benefited.
  • GIS Combines spatial and non-spatial data Icons
    for infrastructure / projects at Block
    Panchayat levels Thematic maps on works /
    sanctioned amount / pending works Geographic
    distribution of projects clearly seen Clustering
    of projects in a Block or neglect of Panchayat
    identified.

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  • The area traffic control (ATC) centre is the
    operational hub of the transport system. From the
    centre the traffic signals are constantly being
    monitored and the timings are being adjusted to
    aid the flow of traffic. Sensors are placed on
    the entire road, which help in detecting traffic
    density. The traffic signals are then controlled
    by a central control room. Faults are recorded
    and passed onto the engineers on street and the
    data is collected to aid the future development
    of traffic schemes.
  • Traffic information service Increasing
    importance is attached to provide upto the minute
    information to road users about the condition of
    the transport network. A central database of
    incident and road network information is
    maintained comprising data, which has been
    supplied from a varity of sources including
    police, Local authorities, utility companies,
    public transport operators, media persons for
    broadcasting and the end users.
  • Aims of ATC system are
  • Automated Vehicle Identification and
    Classification
  • Automatic Vehicle Location
  • Pedestrian Movement Detection
  • Real Time Traffic Transmissions
  • Pollution monitoring
  • Environment conservation

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  • Tools for More Informed Decisions
  •  With Autodesk Crisis Command 2 users can be more
    confident in the outcome of decisions made using
    new tools for tasks including sharing site and
    resource information, managing data for incidents
    in progress, and performing recovery analysis.
    Key features and benefits of Autodesk Crisis
    Command 2 include
  • Incident reporting and notification
    Enhancements allow users to better track events,
    record incident history and automatically alert
    appropriate emergency managers for efficient
    event response and management, and insightful
    post-incident analysis.
  •  Situational and spatial awareness Tools for
    critical asset tracking and buffer creation allow
    users to generate reports on map features within
    a selected location for situational and spatial
    awareness and analysis.
  •  Planning and locating resources Landmark
    information, planning and drawing tools allow
    users to better visualize resources, mark up and
    share information for pre-planning emergency
    preparedness.
  •  Improved management and security - Work order,
    time reporting and administrative tools ensure
    emergency managers can secure access to
    information, manage and track assigned tasks, and
    understand time spent and personnel costs.

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  • The Autodesk Emergency Response Solution
  • The Autodesk Emergency Response Solution
    consists of interoperable Autodesk technologies
    and services, including Autodesk MapGuide Web
    mapping software to manage and distribute
    information about an incident to anyone who needs
    it Autodesk Crisis Command 2 and Autodesk
    Mobile Command software to provide both tactical
    and strategic capabilities including
    functionality for fire attack pre-planning, fire
    flow/bomb blast analysis, sniper/counter sniper
    capabilities, dynamic 3D visualization, and
    command and control. , Autodesk also uses its
    Autodesk Pre-Plan Command software to create and
    edit maps and drawings, and help non-technical
    users quickly transform architectural drawings
    and floor plans into ready-to-use tactical and
    fire attack pre-plans that can track casualties
    with up-to-date information during an incident.

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Information Communications Technology- WebEOC?
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WHAT IS WebEOC?
WebEOC- Web-based, emergency operations center
crisis information management software.
WebEOC puts our paper forms, reports and
whiteboards online for real-time information
sharing and roll-up of information.
Real-time information is key when making
decisions on the well-being of our citizens and
protection of property.
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DUAL COMMIT AND DATA LINKING
  • Dual commit allows information to be posted to
    two servers simultaneously outside the firewall
    for access by external agencies via the Internet,
    and for information sharing between agencies
    having common WebEOC status boards.
  • Data-Linking
  • Entries can be simultaneously posted from one
    board to another.
  • A controller position can be set-up to review
    Position Log entries flagged as significant
    before they are posted to the Significant Events
    status board.

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Disaster Management and GIS
Developing Spatial Data Infrastructure to
Facilitate Disaster Management
Emergency Response Modeling and Simulation
Systems (ERMSSs).
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Sources and Types of Electromagnetic Energy Used
in Remote Sensing
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SLAR
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Role of SDI in Disaster Management SDI is an
initiative intended to create an environment that
will enable a wide variety of users to access,
retrieve and disseminate spatial data and
information in an easy and secure way. In
principle, SDIs allow the sharing of data, which
is extremely useful, as it enables users to save
resources, time and effort when trying to acquire
new datasets by avoiding duplication of expenses
associated with generation and maintenance of
data and their integration with other datasets.
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  • The system meets the following basic
    requirements
  • The system must be continuously accessible 24
    hours a day
  • It must be highly reliable
  • The system must provide for a high degree of
    information protection
  • The system should provide for the rapid
    exchange of information throughout
  • the Community
  • The system must account for all languages used
    throughout the Community
  • It should allow for the transmission of one
    message to many contact points
  • At least a preliminary version of this system
    must be implemented quickly
  • The system must include suitable procedures for
    handling data provided to
  • the Commission by a Member State in confidence
  • While the system must primarily provide for
    exchange of the information required under the
    Council Decision, it is desirable that such a
    system should have application in the context of
    other legal provisions of the Community that
    relate to the exchange of emergency
    (radiological) information.

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Conclusions
  • An EOC is a unique environment for most IT
    professionals. Many of the services often taken
    for granted, such as high bandwidth and Internet
    connectivity, cannot be relied on during an
    emergency. Thus, the systems put in place to
    manage emergencies must be able to deal with
    scenarios where connectivity may be spotty and
    users widely dispersed, but where it's more
    crucial than ever to have secure, reliable access
    to data. By combining SharePoint and Groove, its
    possible to build an EOC that's survivable and
    able to come to the needs of serious disasters.
  • A Virtual EOC can be a core concept of operations
    or an adjunct to a traditional EOC. Participants
    can share information, make decisions, and deploy
    resources without the requirement to be
    physically present in the operations center. A
    Virtual EOC can allow participants to work from
    their normal workstation, from home, or from the
    field with data, information and plans available
    from any location.  

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Key Solution
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Nagpur District
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Data
  • Disasters-Natural (Earthquake, Flood)
  • Industries
  • Agriculture
  • Health
  • Buildings
  • Transportation- Roads, Railways, Airport
  • Census Data
  • Etc..

Organizational Linkage with EOC
  • Central Govt.-BSNL, National informatics centre,
    etc.
  • State Govt.-Housing, water, medical, transport,
    etc.
  • Banking
  • Other- Police, Hospitals, etc.

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Integrated Modular Technology at EOC
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Jai Hind..
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