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Charles Drew: Inventor of the Blood Bank

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Charles Drew: Pioneer of Blood Plasma. New York : McGraw-Hill, 2000. ... University of Illinois Press. 1988. Human body: systems at work. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Charles Drew: Inventor of the Blood Bank


1
Charles Drew Inventor of the Blood Bank
(1904-1950)
2
Biography
  • Born in Washington, D.C.
  • Great athlete, Average student
  • Middle class interracial neighborhood
  • He was African American, but part English, Scot,
    and Indian
  • Athletic scholarship to Amherst College

3
Accomplishments
  • 1938- Residency at McGill University, Canada
  • 1940- Doctor of Medical Science degree from
    Columbia University
  • 1941- Established American Red Cross Blood Bank
    and resigned the same year
  • 1935-1950 Professor at Howard University

4
Importance
  • Civil Rights- accomplishments of an African
    American
  • Education- Charles R. Drew University of Medicine
    and Science in Los Angeles
  • Medicine- universal use of plasma as a blood
    substitute
  • Science- understanding properties of blood and
    transfusions

5
Acceptance
  • His research was accepted immediately. His
    findings saved lives of American Citizens and
    therefore was not questioned because of race.
  • However his resignation as Director of the ARC
    Blood Bank and his death are both surrounded by
    racial tensions.

6
Myth?
  • Dr. Drew died in a car accident near Burlington,
    N.C. It has been rumored that he was denied
    treatment by a whites only hospital. It has been
    documented by the other African American doctors
    in the car that the owner of the hospital himself
    helped attempt to save Dr. Drew.
  • Time Magazine March,1968 printed an article
    stating that he bled to death after he was
    turned away by an all white hospital.

7
Relevance to Biology Curriculum
  • Competency Goal 2
  • 2.03 Investigate and analyze the cell as a living
    system including
  • Maintenance of homeostasis.
  • Movement of materials into and out of cells..
  • 2.03, 3) Discussion of Charles Drew and his
    impact on blood donation and blood banks. Energy
    use and release in biochemical reactions
  • 2.04 Investigate and describe the structure and
    function of enzymes and explain their importance
    in biological systems.
  • 2.05 Investigate and analyze the bioenergetic
    reactions

8
Relevance to Biology Strand Science and
Technology in Society
  • Science and technology also reflect a culture's
    values. Consider, for example, how the acceptance
    of new ideas can be constrained by the
    environment in which they are conceived.
    Galileo's efforts to change perceptions of
    Earth's place in the solar system

9
References
  • http//www.cdrewu.edu/
  • http//www.galegroup.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/dr
    ew_c.htm
  • http//www.ncpublicschools.org/curriculum/science/
    scos/1999/biology/resources/
  • Gordon, R.C. Charles R. Drew surgeon, scientist,
    and educator. Journal of investigative surgery
    the official journal of the Academy of Surgical
    Research. 2005 Sep-Oct18(5)223-5
  • Black Vacuum. Time Magazine, March 29, 1968.
  • Trice, Linda. Charles Drew Pioneer of Blood
    Plasma. New York McGraw-Hill, 2000.
  • Wynes, Charles E. Charles Richard Drew The man
    and the myth. University of Illinois Press.
    1988.
  • Human body systems at work. V.1 Circulatory
    system the plasma pipeline. The Cambridge
    Research Group, Ltd. Storyline Pictures.
    Publisher Lawrenceville, NJ. Cambridge
    Educational, c2005.
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