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SOCIOLOGY of EDUCATION

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SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION SPECIAL EDUCATION AND INEQUALITY: THE DEAF COMMUNITY-cultural practices & collective identity Special Education The movement for an organized ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOCIOLOGY of EDUCATION


1
SOCIOLOGY of EDUCATION
  • SPECIAL EDUCATION AND INEQUALITY THE DEAF
    COMMUNITY-cultural practices collective identity

2
Special Education
  • The movement for an organized system of special
    education is often cited as beginning after WW2
  • Parent-organized groups (such as the American
    Association on Mental Deficiency, United Cerebral
    Palsy Association or the Muscular Dystrophy
    Association) using the discourse of the Civil
    Rights Movement advocated for increased school
    access

3
Special education-advocacy
  • By the 1960s a framework had been established at
    state and local levels

4
Special education
  • Continued advocacy led to federal laws being
    created, such as
  • the Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    (1975) law designed to support states and
    localities in protecting the rights of, meeting
    the individual needs of, and improving the
    results for infants, toddlers, children and
    youths with disabilities and their families.

5
THE EDUCATION FOR ALL HANDICAPPED CHILDREN ACT
  •  
  • The Education for all Handicapped Children Act
    proved to be the cornerstone of special
    education, requiring public schools to provide
  • "free appropriate public education" to students
    with a wide range of disabilities, including
    physical handicaps, mental retardation, speech,
    vision and language problems, emotional and
    behavioral problems, and other learning
    disorders.
  • The law also stipulated that school districts
    provide schooling in the "least restrictive
    environment" possible.

6
IDEA
  • Before the Education for all Handicapped
    Children Act, many children with disabilities
    were denied access to public education
    altogether.
  • Today, this law is considered responsible for
    providing special education opportunities to more
    than 6.5 million children and 200,000 infants,
    toddlers, and families each year.

7
IDEA
  • After extensions of the law in 1983 and 1986, in
    1990, services and eligibility were again
    expanded and the law was renamed the Individuals
    with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

8
Education Deafness
  • Annette Lareau and John Ogbu discuss the
    intersection of race and class in family life
    and the idea of collective identity
    respectively.
  • How can these concepts be applied to the Deaf
    community?

9
FIRST REFERENCES
  • OLD TESTAMENT
  • NEW TESTAMENT

10
European Foundations/Cultural and Language Frames
of Reference
  • Pierre Desloges
  • Deaf Parisians-1779
  • Melchor De Yebra
  • 16th Century-notations of a hand alphabet
  • Juan Pablo Bonet-1620
  • Abbe Charles Michael de L'Épée-1st signs

11
Deaf Institutions in the U.S. the foundations
of a Collective Identity
  • Braidwood Academy
  • Thomas Bolling and Elizabeth Gray
  • William Bolling and Mary Randolph
  • John Braidwood -1815 and 1817

12
Connecticut Asylum for the Education and
Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons
  • Mason Cogswell
  • Thomas Gallaudet 1815 Europe
  • Laurent Clerc-Royal Institution for the Deaf-1816
    U.S.

13
College-Columbia Institution for the Deaf and
Dumb
  • Amos Kendall
  • Edward Gallaudet

14
Assault on Sign Language ORALISM
  • Horace Mann Boston
  • Clarke Institution for Deaf Mutes
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • 1870-Visible Speech
  • EUGENICS/RACISM
  • 1880s Application of Wealth
  • Milan Congress
  • 1880 meeting

15
Agency of the Deaf Community EDUCATON
  • Deaf President Now
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