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SEED STARTING

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SEED STARTING Presented by: Marianne Pelletier, CMG-You maybe asking yourself what makes me such an expert at seed starting. First of all I don t think of myself as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SEED STARTING


1
  • SEED STARTING
  • Presented by
  • Marianne Pelletier, CMG

2
Double Coconut
3
Rain Forest Orchids
4
Why Should I Start Seeds Myself
  • You can save money
  • For a 2 packet of seeds there is a possible of
    getting 10-1000 plants
  • Swapping with fellow gardeners
  • Saving your own seeds
  • You have control.
  • You know that you wont be bringing something
    unwanted home
  • You get more variety
  • The enjoyment of seeing your seedlings emerge
    from the soil

5
Before You Start
  • Determine how much to grow
  • What you want to grow
  • Varieties should be selected by
  • Size
  • Color
  • Growth Habit
  • What zone you are in
  • Determine if you want
  • Heirlooms
  • These are old, open-pollinated cultivars
  • Hybrids
  • This is a cross between two different plant
    varieties to get the attributes of each variety
  • If you see F1 it means it is a hybrid

6
Acquiring Storing Seeds
  • Acquiring
  • Buy from a reputable seed company/catalog
  • Storing
  • Keep any left over seed in the packet it come in
  • Store in a tightly closed jar or container
  • Store at a low humidity at around 40 degrees such
    as the refrigerator
  • Use silica gel, powdered milk or cornstarch to
    keep the relative humidity below 40.

7
Wilson County Planting Guide
8
Seed Starting Supplies
  • Label/Marker
  • Spray Bottle
  • Soil-Less Mix
  • Flat/Cell trays/pots
  • Seeds
  • Warm Spot in Your House
  • Optional Equipment
  • Artificial Lights
  • Heating Mats
  • Cold Frame/Greenhouse

9
Grow Lights
10
Flower Seeds The Divas of the Seed World
11
How to Help the Seed to Germinate
  • Scarification
  • Stratification
  • Soaking
  • Light
  • Dark

12
Scarification Tools Needed Small Sharp
Paring Knife Sandpaper
  • What is it?
  • To remember what scarification means just think
    of the word scar, which is what you are doing
    to the seed
  • Happens naturally when a bird swallows the seed
    and then passes it through the digestive system
  • Not all seeds need scarification. The following
    website is a good reference www.chestnut-sw.com

13
How To
  • Nick the seed with the paring knife or scratch
    the surface of the seed with the sandpaper
  • All seeds dont need this method and you may kill
    them. Refer to www.chestnut-sw.com for a list of
    flowers and vegetables and how to treat them

14
Flowers That Need Scarification
  • Hollyhock
  • Angels Trumpet
  • Moon Flower
  • False Indigos
  • Canna
  • Morning Glories

15
What is Stratification?
  • Stratification is when a gardener purposely
    chills the seeds.
  • Certain seeds have a way of protecting themselves
    from germinating too early or too late.
  • How
  • The only things you will need for this method is
    a Ziploc bag a marker, and your seeds.
  • Make sure to label the bag with what type of seed
    and the date that it is to be removed from the
    refrigerator
  • Seal the bag and place it in the refrigerator.
  • Make sure it the bag is sealed or the seeds will
    dry out and will not germinate

16
Flowers That Need Stratification
  • Snapdragon 4-6 wk
  • Columbine 2-8 wk
  • Blackberry Lily 4-6 wk
  • Clematis 3 months
  • Larkspur 6 wk
  • Cardinal Flwr 10 days
  • Salvia 1 wk
  • Coneflowers 3-6 wk
  • Lavender 4 wks
  • Peonies 2 months
  • Jacobs Ladder 2 mth
  • Pansies 4 wks

17
Light
  • Mainly the smaller seeds need light to germinate
  • Do not plant seeds deep
  • Place seeds on surface of soil and mist with
    spray bottle
  • Cover with plastic and place in sunny spot
  • Check seeds daily
  • Once white roots or leaves are seen remove the
    plastic

18
Flowers That Need Light
  • Hollyhock
  • Snapdragons
  • Wax Begonia
  • Foxglove
  • Babys Breath
  • Impatiens
  • Petunia
  • Salvia
  • Columbines
  • Butterfly Weed
  • Celosias
  • Coneflowers
  • Coral Bells
  • Forget-me-not
  • Balloon Flower
  • Pincushion Flower

19
Dark
  • Seeds wont germinate while exposed to light
  • How
  • Bury the seeds 3x their width and water in
  • Cover flat with newspaper and a sheet of black
    plastic
  • Check seeds daily
  • Once you see white roots or leaves remove the
    coverings

20
Flowers That Need The Dark
  • Pot Marigold
  • Delphinium
  • Phlox
  • Pansy
  • Bachelors Button
  • Sweet Pea
  • Verbena
  • Statice

21
Soaking
  • Seeds that require soaking usually have a tough
    seed coat
  • You can also soak seeds to check on germination
    rate
  • How
  • Place the seeds you want to soak in a small bowl
  • Let the seeds soak for the appropriate time
  • If seeds need to be soaked for more than 12 hrs.
    change water every 12 hrs.
  • When done soaking pour off water. Coffee filters
    work great for this
  • Plant immediately

22
Flowers That Need Soaking
  • Canna After scarifying, soak for 48 hours
  • Daylilies Freeze 2 weeks, soak for 5 days
  • Bells of Ireland Soak for 24 hours
  • Hibiscus Soak 48 hours
  • Sweet Peas After stratifying, soak 48 hours

23
Vegetable Seeds
24
Vegetables Not to Start Indoors
  • Bush Pole Beans
  • Carrots
  • Corn
  • Garlic
  • Peas
  • Radishes

25
Vegetables to Start Indoors
  • Beets Start 5 weeks before last frost
  • Broccoli Start 6-8 weeks before last frost
  • Cabbage Start 4-6 weeks before last frost
  • Cauliflower Start 4-6 weeks before last frost
  • Cucumbers Start 3 weeks before last frost
  • Eggplant Start 4-6 weeks before last frost
  • Peppers Start 8 weeks before last frost
  • Tomatoes Start 6-7 weeks before last frost

26
Seedlings Have Germinated Now What??
27
Seeds Germinated Now What?
  • When sprouts appear move the seedlings into
    bright light
  • They need 14-16 hrs of natural or fluorescent
    light to keep from becoming leggy
  • Keep away from drafty windowsills
  • Once the true leaves appear, water with a
    half-strength solution of fertilizer
  • You can use a water-soluble, all purpose plant
    food
  • Gradually increase strength over time
  • Seedlings should be thinned to at least 1 apart
    or transplanted into individual pots

28
Damping Off
  • Soil borne disease that attacks the seedlings as
    they germinate causing them to collapse
  • Stem turns brown, but leaves stay green
  • Prevalent in warm, moist, muggy conditions or
    when seedlings are sown too thickly.
  • To prevent
  • Use only clean pots and seed trays
  • Use a soil-less mix that is moist but not over
    wet

29
Transplanting to Garden
  • Plants will need one to two weeks hardening off
  • This is to acclimate the plants to the outdoors
  • Start by setting them out for a few hours at a
    time in a protected, semi shady location
  • Outdoor temperatures should be 45 degrees or
    warmer
  • Gradually increase the time and exposure to
    direct sunlight
  • Transplant seedlings to the garden in the late
    afternoon or on a cloudy day and water

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