American History The Progressive Era (1890 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – American History The Progressive Era (1890 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5a149d-MWRlN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

American History The Progressive Era (1890

Description:

Title: The Progressive Reform Era (1890 1920) Author: Anna Bettencourt Last modified by: Anna Bettencourt Created Date: 11/27/2003 9:21:10 PM Document presentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:140
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 35
Provided by: AnnaBett
Learn more at: http://www.owlteacher.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: American History The Progressive Era (1890


1
American HistoryThe Progressive Era
(18901920)All photographs courtesy of The
Library of Congress Lewis Hine
2
The Origins of Progressivism
  • Rapid industrialization, immigration, and
    urbanization in the late 1800s led to
    ______________________________________.

3
  • The rapid growth also caused ________
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ________________.
  • Many Progressives believed that ______
    _______________, not private charities, were the
    methods to bring about progress in society.

4
  • Historians call the period from about 18901920
    the Progressive Era.

5
The Progressives Their Goals and Beliefs
  • Progressives were not a single unified movement.
  • They fell into four categories
  • _________________
  • _________________
  • _________________
  • _________________

6
Some common basic beliefs were
7
Igniting Reform Writers and Their New Ideas
  • The ideas of many writers and journalists
    influenced __________________ about how to reform
    society.
  • Journalists investigated and publicized
    conditions _______________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________.

8
  • Theodore Roosevelt called the journalists
  • ___________.
  • Upton Sinclair,
  • Lincoln Steffens,
  • and Ida Tarbell
  • were respected
  • writers and
  • muckrakers.

9
Progressive Reform Organizations
10
An Expanded Role for Government
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ___________.
  • Many of the earliest Progressive reforms were
    made at the municipal, or city, level.
  • Some municipal reformers worked for home rule, a
    system that gives cities a limited degree of
    self-rule.

11
  • Municipal reformers opposed the influence of
    __________________________________.
  • Reformers made efforts to take over city
    utilities such as ____________________________.
  • Some reform mayors led movements for
    city-supported welfare services such as public
    baths, parks, work-relief programs, playgrounds,
    kindergartens, and lodging houses for the
    homeless.

12
Tafts Presidency
  • Taft was endorsed by Roosevelt and pledged to
    carry on the progressive program.
  • __________________________________________________
    ___________________.
  • He campaigned on a platform to lower tariffs, but
    ended up signing a bill that added some highly
    protective tariff increases.

13
  • Taft also angered conservationists on the issue
    of ___________________________________.
  • Taft chose Richard A. Ballinger for Secretary of
    the Interior.

14
  • Ballinger opposed conservation of public lands.
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________________.
  • Taft angered
  • many people
  • and his
  • presidency
  • suffered.

15
Turmoil in the Republican Party
  • Angry Republican Progressives teamed up with
    Democrats against the opponents of reform in the
    Republican Party.
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ____________________________________.

16
  • Roosevelt called for
  • ____________________________
  • welfare laws
  • ____________________________
  • ____________________________
  • ____________________________
  • inheritance taxes
  • voting reform.

17
  • He called this plan the ____________.

18
  • Progressive Republicans left the Republican Party
    and formed the Progressive Party, nicknamed the
    ______ _____________________________________.
  • The Bull Moose platform included tariff
    reduction, _____________________________________
  • ______________
  • ___________, an
  • eight-hour workday,
  • and direct election
  • of senators.

19
The Election of 1912
A Four-Way Election
20
Wilsons Policies as President
  • Wilsons first major victory was tariff reduction.

21
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________________.
  • This act strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
    of 1890.
  • Wilson and Congress created the Federal Trade
    Commission to enforce the Clayton Antitrust Act.

22
  • In 1913 Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act
    and created the Federal Reserve System to
    overhaul the American banking system.
  • In 1916 Wilson tried to attract Progressive
    voters.
  • To this aim he nominated Progressive lawyer Louis
    D. Brandeis to the Supreme Court.
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________.

23
The Limits of Progressivism
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________.
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __.
  • Progressive Presidents took little action to
    pursue social justice reforms.

24
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________.
  • At the 1912 Progressive Party convention,
    Roosevelt declined to seat black delegates from
    the South for fear of alienating white Southern
    Progressives.
  • ___________________________________.
  • It was replaced by American concerns about ____
    ___________________________________.

25
Suffrage at Last!
  • American women
  • activists first
  • demanded the right
  • to vote in 1848 at
  • the Seneca Falls
  • Convention in
  • New York.

26
  • The movement eventually split into two groups
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ______________.
  • The American Woman Suffrage Association worked to
    win voting rights on the state level.

27
Preparing the Way for Suffrage
  • In 1890, Wyoming entered the union and became the
    first state to grant women the right to vote.
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________________________________.
  • She was arrested for this act.

28
Suffragist Strategies
  • Constitutional Amendment
  • Winning suffrage by a constitutional amendment
  • __________________________________________________
    _______________________________.
  • In 1878, suffragists introduced a new amendment.
  • Stalled again, the bill was not debated again
    until 1887.
  • It was defeated by the Senate.
  • The bill was not debated again until 1913.

29
Suffragist Strategies
  • Individual State Suffrage
  • Winning suffrage state by state.
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________________.
  • _____________________________________ of men and
    women and encouraged a greater sense of equality.
  • Western states were more likely to allow women
    the right to vote.

30
A New Generation
  • Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
    leaders of the suffrage movement, died without
    seeing the victory of womens suffrage.
  • At the turn of the century, Carrie Chapman Catt
    became the leader of the National American Woman
    Suffrage Association (NAWSA).
  • She led the movement from 1900 to 1904 and again
    after 1915.

31
  • In March 1913 Alice Paul and Lucy Barns organized
    a parade of 5,000 women in Washington, D.C.
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ___________.

32
A Split in the Movement
  • The Congressional Union (CU)

33
A Split in the Movement
  • NAWSA

34
Victory for Suffrage
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________________.
  • After the amendment was proposed the ratification
    battle began.
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________________.
  • ___________________________________________, was
    the last major reform of the Progressive Era.
About PowerShow.com