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Westward Ho!

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Westward Ho! Trails to the West Push /Pull Factors Why would people in the eastern United States want to move west during the mid-1800 s? What factors were PUSHING ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Westward Ho!


1
Westward Ho!
  • Trails to the West

2
Push /Pull Factors
  • Why would people in the eastern United States
    want to move west during the mid-1800s?
  • What factors were PUSHING and PULLING?
  • PUSH FACTORS Circumstances or challenges that
    cause people to want to pull up stakes and move
    to a new place.
  • PULL FACTORS Circumstances or advantages that
    draw people to a new place

3
Push Factors
  • Panic of 1837
  • Harsh winters
  • Restless/Curious
  • Looking for Wealth

4
Pull Factors
  • Fur Trade
  • Rich Resources timber, game, gold
  • Land
  • Mild Climate
  • Adventure

5
Challenges Along the Way
  • Shortages of food, water, supplies
  • Rough Weather
  • Disease / Illness
  • Geographic Barriers
  • Environmental Dangers
  • Weight in the wagons

6
Fur Trappers
  • High demand for fur in Europe caused companies to
    move West in search of more beavers.
  • John Jacob Astor created one of the largest fur
    businesses American Fur Company
  • Fur Traders and Trappers became known as
    Mountain Men. Jedediah Smith, Manuel Lisa,
    Jim Bridger, Jim Beckwourth
  • Rocky Mountain Rendezvous once a year
    gathering of trappers and traders.
  • Fur trade came to an end by the 1840s mountain
    men stories lured many new settlers.

7
Oregon Trail
  • 2, 000 mile long trail from Independence, MO or
    Council Bluffs, IA west into Oregon Country
  • After the Rocky Mountains it forked. Northern
    branch went to Willamette Valley in Oregon. The
    other branch went to California and became the
    California Trail.

8
Santa Fe Trail
  • Independence, MO to Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • Followed ancient trading route used by Native
    Americans
  • American traders loaded wagons full of cloth and
    other manufactured goods and traded for horses,
    mules, and SILVER! They made lots of money!

9
Mormon Trail
  • 1830 Joseph Smith founded the Church of Jesus
    Christ of Latter Day Saints known as Mormons
  • Some of their beliefs and practices caused the
    Mormons to be persecuted.
  • Polygamy (outlawed by the church in 1890)
  • The Book of Mormon written from golden tablets
  • Joseph Smith was murdered in 1844
  • Brigham Young took over and chose Utah as the
    groups new home.
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