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Erie Canal

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The Locks The Locks The Locks The Boats A packet, pulled by fresh horses, covered 80 miles in 24 hours. Carried only passengers and hand luggage. What did travel cost? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Erie Canal


1
Erie Canal
2
History of the Erie Canal
  • In order to open the country west of the
    Appalachian Mountains to settlers and to offer a
    cheap and safe way to carry produce to a market,
    in 1808, Governor Dewitt Clinton proposed the
    construction of a canal. However, it was not
    until July 4, 1817 that Governor Clinton finally
    broke ground for the construction of the canal.
    In those early days, it was often sarcastically
    referred to as "Clinton's Big Ditch". When
    finally completed on October 26, 1825, it was the
    engineering marvel of its day. It included 18
    aqueducts to carry the canal over ravines and
    rivers, and 83 locks, with a rise of 568 feet
    from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. It was 4 feet
    deep and 40 feet wide, and floated boats carrying
    30 tons of freight. A ten foot wide towpath was
    built along the bank of the canal for horses,
    mules, and oxen led by a boy boat driver or
    "hoggee".

3
History of the Erie Canal
  • On July 4, 1817, the Erie Canal was begun at
    Rome, NY.
  • 363 miles long from Albany to Buffalo.
  • 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep.
  • Connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic
    Ocean.

4
The Locks
The Erie Canal rises 566 feet from the Hudson
River to Lake Erie through 57 (originally 83)
locks. From tide-water level at Troy, the Erie
Canal rises through a series of locks in the
Mohawk Valley to an elevation of 420 feet above
sea-level at the summit level at Rome. Continuing
westward, it descends to an elevation of 363 feet
above sea-level at the junction with the Oswego
Canal, and finally rises to an elevation of 565.6
feet above sea-level at the Niagara River.
5
The Locks
6
The Locks
In the early days of the canal, when horses and
mules walked the towpath, this is how a canal
boat passed through a lock
7
The Boats
  • A packet, pulled by fresh horses, covered 80
    miles in 24 hours.
  • Carried only passengers and hand luggage.

8
  • How much did canal workers earn in a month in
    1823?
  • Captain, 30.00
  • Steersman, 15.00
  • Steward, 12.00
  • Hostler, 10.00
  • Cabin boy, 4.80
  • What did travel cost?
  • Packet rates in 1835- Passengers .05 a mile
    (includes meals and lodge.)

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12
"The Marriage of the Waters" by C.Y. Turner, 1905
-- A mural decoration in the DeWitt Clinton High
School, N.Y.C . depicting Governor DeWitt Clinton
pouring water from Lake Erie into the ocean at
New York in a ceremony celebrating the "Marriage
of the Waters" between the Great Lakes and the
Atlantic in 1825.
13
Canal Terms
  • Muleskinner- A mule driver.
  • Canal- A man-made waterway.
  • Hoggee- A young boy who drove the mules that
    towed the canal boats.
  • Lock- A way to raise or lower a boat on a canal.
  • Packet- Passenger boat on canal, usually
    traveling about four miles per hour.

14
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