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What made the West African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai great?

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Title: What made the West African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai great? Author: Home Last modified by: Jarrod Created Date: 5/12/2008 1:54:34 AM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What made the West African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai great?


1
Aim How did great empires influence the history
of Africa?
Do Now Make a list of 5 things that make a
civilization great.
Homework Handout Ibn Battuta Travels to Mali
Global II Mr. McEntarfer
2
Instructional Objectives
  • We will be able to
  • Describe the characteristics of the kingdoms of
    West Africa.
  • Describe how cultural diffusion affected West
    African religion.
  • Agenda
  • Do Now
  • Mini-lecture (slides)
  • Reading Activity
  • Summary
  • Regents Practice (if time)
  • Homework

3
Oral Tradition
  • The Griots of Africa

Why might it be difficult to learn about African
history?
4
What geographic features affected the African
Kingdoms? How?
5
The Gold and Salt Trade
  • Caravans brought salt south to Ghana and returned
    north with gold from areas southwest of Ghana.
  • Ghana came to be known as the Gold Coast.
  • Question Why do you think salt was so valuable?

6
What geographical feature did the trade routes
cross north of Ghana? How do you think goods
were transported? What was traded?
  • Early trade routes in Ghana

7
What does this wall represent?
8
Timbuktu
  • Timbuktu became the center of West African gold
    and salt trade across the Sahara Desert.
  • Center of learning that attracted students from
    Europe, Africa and Asia. Many of whom studied the
    Quran.
  • Malis King Mansa Musa brought back scholars and
    architects from his pilgrimage to Mecca here.

How was Timbuktu different from other trading
cities like Venice and Canton?
9
Timbuktu today. The books below are over 400
years old.
10
Activity Guided Reading (285-287)
  • Part I Independent
  • Groups of Three (1. Ghana 2. Mali 3. Songhai).
  • Use the reading on pages 285-287 and fill in four
    facts about each African kingdom in the boxes.
    For each kingdom give information about
  • Its location
  • Sources of wealth
  • Religion practiced
  • Great Leaders and their accomplishments
  • Part II Come together as a group
  • As a group fill in the last box on all three
    African Kingdoms, which asks you to identify the
    similarities between the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali
    and Songhai.
  • Part III Share out on the board.

11
Share-out


Ghana
12


Mali
13


Songhai
14


Ghana, Mali and Songhai
15
Review Notes
  • Ghana
  • Location Niger and Senegal Rivers
  • Religion Islam diffused from N. Africa
  • Economy Controlled gold and salt trade across
    the Sahara
  • Leadership King was semi-divine and very
    wealthy
  • Mali
  • Located - Niger River
  • Religion Islam
  • Economy Controlled gold and salt trade caravans
  • Leadership Mansa Musa expanded empire and
    converted to Islam. Went on a pilgrimage to Mecca
    and spread Middle eastern ideas in West Africa.

16
Review Notes
  • Songhai
  • Located - Niger River
  • Religion Islamic state set up after Sonni Alis
    death
  • Economy Brought salt and gold trade under their
    control, including Timbuktu.
  • Leadership Sonni Ali used a powerful army to
    forge a large empire, not a Muslim.
  • Ghana, Mali and Songhai
  • Located - Niger River, bordered the Sahara
    Desert.
  • Religion All kingdoms adapted Islam (cultural
    diffusion)
  • Economy All controlled the salt and gold trade
    and Timbuktu.
  • Leadership Wealthy and powerful kings adapted
    Islam, except Sonni Ali.

17
Summary Questions
  • Why were these West African Kingdoms so wealthy?
  • Why did these civilizations develop along the
    Niger River?
  • Why was Timbuktu such an important city?
  • What religion was practiced in all of these
    kingdoms?
  • Why is Mansa Musa such an important figure in
    West African history?

18
Regents Practice
19
Regents Practice
20
Regents Practice
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