Kuat Geser Tanah (Shear Strength) (Source : CIL-610 Foundation Engineering) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Kuat Geser Tanah (Shear Strength) (Source : CIL-610 Foundation Engineering)

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Title: Kuat Geser Tanah (Shear Strength) (Source : CIL-610 Foundation Engineering)


1
Kuat Geser Tanah (Shear Strength) (Source
CIL-610 Foundation Engineering)
  • oleh
  • A. Adhe Noor PSH, ST., MT
  • Staf Pengajar Program Studi Teknik Sipil
  • Jurusan Teknik Fakultas Sains dan Teknik
  • Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

2
Strength of different materials
3
Shear failure of soils
  • Soils generally fail in shear

At failure, shear stress along the failure
surface (mobilized shear resistance) reaches the
shear strength.
4
Shear failure of soils
  • Soils generally fail in shear

5
Shear failure of soils
  • Soils generally fail in shear

Retaining wall
At failure, shear stress along the failure
surface (mobilized shear resistance) reaches the
shear strength.
6
Shear failure mechanism
The soil grains slide over each other along the
failure surface.
No crushing of individual grains.
7
Shear failure mechanism
At failure, shear stress along the failure
surface (?) reaches the shear strength (?f).
8
Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion (in terms of total
stresses)
?
?f is the maximum shear stress the soil can take
without failure, under normal stress of ?.
9
Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion (in terms of
effective stresses)
u pore water pressure
?f is the maximum shear stress the soil can take
without failure, under normal effective stress of
?.
10
Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion
Shear strength consists of two components
cohesive and frictional.
11
c and ? are measures of shear strength.
Higher the values, higher the shear strength.
12
Determination of shear strength parameters of
soils (c, f or c, f)
Other laboratory tests include, Direct simple
shear test, torsional ring shear test, plane
strain triaxial test, laboratory vane shear test,
laboratory fall cone test
13
Laboratory tests
Field conditions
14
Laboratory tests
Simulating field conditions in the laboratory
Step 2 Apply the corresponding field stress
conditions
15
Direct shear test
Schematic diagram of the direct shear apparatus
16
Direct shear test
Direct shear test is most suitable for
consolidated drained tests specially on granular
soils (e.g. sand) or stiff clays
Preparation of a sand specimen
17
Direct shear test
Preparation of a sand specimen
18
Direct shear test
Test procedure
19
Direct shear test
Step 2 Lower box is subjected to a horizontal
displacement at a constant rate
20
Direct shear test
21
Direct shear test
Analysis of test results
Note Cross-sectional area of the sample changes
with the horizontal displacement
22
Direct shear tests on sands
Stress-strain relationship
23
Direct shear tests on sands
How to determine strength parameters c and f
24
Direct shear tests on sands
Direct shear tests are drained and pore water
pressures are dissipated, hence u 0
Sand is cohesionless hence c 0
Therefore, f f and c c 0
25
Direct shear tests on clays
In case of clay, horizontal displacement should
be applied at a very slow rate to allow
dissipation of pore water pressure (therefore,
one test would take several days to finish)
Failure envelopes for clay from drained direct
shear tests
26
Interface tests on direct shear apparatus
In many foundation design problems and retaining
wall problems, it is required to determine the
angle of internal friction between soil and the
structural material (concrete, steel or wood)
27
  • THE END
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