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President Abraham Lincoln (1861- 1865)

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By: Lauren Ritter Abraham Lincoln was born near Hodgenville, Kentucky into a poor pioneer family on February 12, 1809. He was 52 when he took office, and 56 when he ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: President Abraham Lincoln (1861- 1865)


1
President Abraham Lincoln(1861- 1865)
  • By Lauren Ritter

2
A is for Abraham
  • Abraham Lincoln was born near Hodgenville,
    Kentucky into a poor pioneer family on February
    12, 1809. He was 52 when he took office, and 56
    when he was assassinated.

3
B is for Brothers and Sisters
  • Abraham Lincoln had two brothers who died in
    their youth and one sister that lived to
    maturity. Her name was Sarah.

4
C is for Civil War
  • On April 12, 1861,Confederate South Carolina
    troops fired on Fort Sumner and thus the Civil
    War began. The Union and Confederacy went on to
    fight for 4 years. The war ended on April 9,
    1865. About 620,000 people were lost in all.

5
D is for Dad and Mom
  • Abrahams Parents
  • Father Thomas Lincoln
  • Mother Nancy Hanks Lincoln
  • Stepmother Sarah Bush Johnston Lincoln
  • Thomas Lincoln married Nancy Hanks, but when she
    died of milk sickness or milk disease, Thomas
    Lincoln married Sarah Bush Johnston so his
    children could have a mother.

6
E is for Emancipation Proclamation
  • On January 1st, 1863 Abraham Lincoln issued the
    Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that
    all enslaved persons in the Confederacy were
    considered free men/ women

7
F is for Fort Sumter
  • Only 6 weeks into Lincolns presidency on April
    12, 1861, rebels fired on Fort Sumter in South
    Carolina, ultimately sparking the Civil War in
    the United States.

8
G is for Gettysburg Address
  • The Gettysburg Address, given by Abraham Lincoln,
    was one of the most powerful speeches he ever
    given. He explained that the Civil War was a
    trial to test if we could survive as a nation. He
    said that the soldiers should commit themselves
    to finishing what the soldiers that died before
    them started. He even dedicated the Gettysburg
    battleground as a remembrance site for the
    soldiers that were lost in the Civil War.

9
H is for Honest
  • Abraham Lincoln had many nicknames, one of which
    was Honest Abe. He earned many peoples
    favoritism by poking fun at himself.

If I were two-faced, why would I be wearing this
one?
10
I is for Inauguration
  • Abraham Lincoln was first inaugurated on Monday,
    March 4, 1861. He was 52 years old.

11
J is for John Wilkes Booth
  • On April 14, 1865, Lincoln and his wife attended
    the play Our American Cousin at Fords Theater.
    That night, actor John Wilkes Booth snuck into
    the presidents box, shot Lincoln in the back of
    the head, and stabbed Henry Rathbones arm. He
    then jumped 11 feet to the floor below, breaking
    his ankle, but moving fast enough to flea on
    horseback into the city. Booth and a
    co-conspirator were later found in a barn, and
    the co-conspirator surrendered. When Booth
    refused to come out of the barn, it was set
    aflame, and in the commotion a soldier shot and
    killed Booth.

12
K is for Kids
  • Mary and Abraham Lincoln had four kids Robert
    Todd Lincoln, Edward Eddie Baker Lincoln,
    William Willie Wallace Lincoln and Thomas Tad
    Lincoln. Robert Todd Lincoln was the only of the
    four to live to maturity and had a cleft palate.

Thomas- 1853- 1871
Willie- 1850-1862
Edward- 1846-1850
13
L is for Love of Animals
  • When Lincoln was a boy he owned a dog named
    Honey, and then later a dog named Fido. In the
    Whitehouse, he had a dog named Jip and a horse
    named Old Bob. He also liked cats, and had one
    named Tabby, whom he fed with gold Whitehouse
    utensils. When Mary suggested it wasnt good to
    feed the cat with such utensils, Lincoln replied,
    "If the gold fork was good enough for Buchanan I
    think it is good enough for Tabby."

14
M is for Mary Lincoln
  • Lincolns wife was Mary Lincoln. She had 4 kids
    with Lincoln, but only one of which lived to
    maturity. Though she was fiercely loyal to her
    husband Abraham, two of her brothers fought for
    the south and much of her family supported the
    Confederacy.

Mary Lincolns Confederate family
Mary Lincoln after she married into the Union
15
N is for No Military Training
  • In truth, Lincoln had no military training at
    all. Throughout his life, he read every book he
    could find on battle strategy, as his knowledge
    on the subject would help him with the Civil War.

16
O is for Out of the Tomb
  • Lincolns grave has been relocated 17 times,
    mostly due to fears over the presidents remains
    and reconstructions of the Lincoln Tomb. The
    coffin itself has been opened 5 times, and in
    1876 grave robbers attempted to steal the
    presidents remains.

This is the headstone. Lincolns remains actually
lie in a concrete vault beneath the floor, which
was a decision made by Robert Lincoln after grave
robbers tried to take the body.
17
P is for President
  • Lincoln won his first election with Hannibal
    Hamlin with a total of 1,855,993 in popular votes
    and 180 in electoral votes against Stephen A.
    Douglas, John C. Breckinridge, and John Bell. In
    his second election with Andrew Johnson, they
    received 2,211,317 in popular votes and 212 in
    electoral votes against George McClellan.

18
Q is for Quite Tall
  • Its a little known fact that Lincoln was the
    tallest president. When an artist measured him in
    the Whitehouse, he was 6 foot 3¾ inches tall. His
    shoe size was between 12 and 14, and his hat size
    was 7 and 1/8.

19
R is for Republican
  • Lincoln created the Republican political party.
    From there the Republican party became one of the
    most popular political parties today.

20
S is for Second Term
  • Lincoln did serve a second term as president, but
    approximately 42 days after that term began,
    there was an assassination attempt on April 14,
    1865, and he died the next day.

21
T is for Thanksgiving
  • On October 3rd, 1863, Lincoln made Thanksgiving a
    national holiday after being persuaded by Sarah
    Josepha Hales letter.

22
U is for Uneducated
  • Lincolns father, Thomas Lincoln was uneducated
    through his whole life as a farmer and carpenter.
    Lincolns stepmother urged Lincoln to read, and
    so he taught himself to read and write.

23
V is for Vice President
  • Lincolns running mates both later became his
    vice president. Hannibal Hamlin was vice
    president from 1861 to 1865, and Andrew Johnson
    was vice president in the year of 1865. Johnson
    became the 17th president when Lincoln was
    assassinated.

Andrew Johnson
Hannibal Hamlin
24
W is for Willie Lincoln
  • While he was in office, Abraham Lincoln lost his
    son Willie to Typhoid Fever at age 11. His son
    Tad was still depressed long after, as the two
    were very close.

Willie Lincoln
25
X is for eXcelled in Government
  • Lincoln started out a very successful lawyer. He
    was later elected into the Illinois state
    legislature and then U.S. House of
    Representatives before going on to becoming
    president.

26
Y is for Half-Year Home
  • The Lincolns adopted a home for the wounded
    soldiers as their summer home in order to escape
    from the pressures of the Whitehouse. The Armed
    Forces Retirement Home in northwest Washington
    D.C. served as Lincoln and his familys home for
    a quarter of his presidency.

27
Z is for Zealous Worker
  • Lincoln was a very hard worker. He was always
    careful about what he said, and was always saying
    things like a true politician. Even in an era
    that greatly restricted womens rights, Lincoln
    stated he supported women's right to vote in a
    letter to the Sangamo Journal. He said, "I go for
    admitting all whites to the right of suffrage who
    pay taxes or bear arms - by no means excluding
    females."

28
The End!!!
  • Resources
  • Notes from the class
  • Text book pg. 726-728 and index
  • Video- the Presidents from the History Channel
  • www.google.com
  • http//www.alincoln-library.com
  • http//americanhistory.about.com
  • http//www.abrahamlincoln200.org
  • http//www.history-timelines.org
  • http//rogerjnorton.com
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