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Thinking Like A Historian

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Thinking Like A Historian at D.C.Everest What Is History? History is a discipline: a way of thinking that encourages students to analyze historical evidence, evaluate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Thinking Like A Historian


1
Thinking Like A Historian at D.C.Everest
2
WOW!
3
Examine testing at various levels 8th grade
WKCE 10th grade WKCE AP Tests DBQs
4
Thinking Like a Historian
Teachers creating a foundation that can
connect and develop students curiosity about
and understanding of history through the use of
a common language.
5
What Is History?
  • History is a discipline a way of thinking that
    encourages students to analyze historical
    evidence, evaluate it, and then demonstrate their
    understanding of that evidence.
  • The best history courses engage students in the
    study of historical artifacts and documents
    which are often contradictory and muddled from
    which they draw their own interpretations or
    conclusions.

6
  • Middle School, Junior High , and even H.S.
    students accept sources as gospel as the truth.
  • Students need the power of discernment more than
    ever!
  • In a rapidly changing world in which
    historical ignorance seems to be the rule rather
    than the exception, there is no more important
    discipline for our students to practice , than
    history.

7
Questions
  • All history starts with questions?????
  • Take on the persona of a detective to examine the
    evidence.
  • The evidence comes in two forms primary and
    secondary sources.

8
How do Historians Use Historical Sources?
  • There is a fundamental difference between looking
    for answers in the sources and constructing
    answers from the sources.
  • Constructing answers is the final stage of Doing
    History
  • Building an interpretation based on evidence is
    the defining characteristic of history.

9
Drawing Conclusions Making Interpretations
  • Historical conclusions must be supportable by the
    historical record AND take into consideration
    sometimes conflicting perspectives and
    experiences in that record.

10
Historical Categories of Inquiry
  • These are patterns that help us organize both the
    questions we ask of the past and the answers we
    construct.
  • These categories of inquiry and analysis provide
    the patterns that help us make sense of the past.
  • It also gives us a common language.

11
Evaluating Sources
  • Not all historical sources are equal
  • Consider ways to assess the validity of the
    sources
  • Use AAPARTS ( to be explained later by JEFF)
  • Multiple sources are needed in order to fully
    understand the complexity and importance of any
    historical event , era, person or group.
  • DBQs provide multiple sources for students to
    use to draw conclusions and make interpretations.

12
Thinking Like A Historian Rethinking History
Instruction was written by Bobbie Malone and
Nikki Mandell.
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Cause-Effect Graphic Organizers
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