The Empires of Mali and Songhai - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Empires of Mali and Songhai PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5810c8-YWZjM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Empires of Mali and Songhai

Description:

The Empires of Mali and Songhai Mali continued: Sundiata Established Timbuktu Location - Niger River Important for Islam Supported growing of food crops and cotton. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:705
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 15
Provided by: Mich768
Learn more at: http://sheridanhistory.pbworks.com
Category:
Tags: empires | ghana | mali | songhai

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Empires of Mali and Songhai


1
The Empires of Mali and Songhai
2
I. Mali Builds on Ghanas Foundation
  • A. Sundiata- chief of the Malinke people.
  • Establishes Mali and pushes its borders through
    Ghana and beyond.
  • Opens up gold for salt trade and expands trade
    roots.

3
Mali continued Sundiata
  • Established Timbuktu
  • Location - Niger River
  • Important for Islam
  • Supported growing of food crops and cotton.
  • Mixed traditional beliefs with Islam.

4
Map of Mali
5
I. Mali Builds on Ghanas Foundation (continued)
  • Rise of Mansa Musa
  • 1307- Malis most famous ruler comes to power,
    Mansa Musa.
  • Was Muslim, but allowed his followers to practice
    their own religions.
  • Name means King Moses.

6
Mansa Musa
  • Pilgrimage
  • As a Muslim, Mansa Musa made the Hajj. He
    arrived in Mecca and brought with him
  • 12,000 slaves, 80 camels, 300 pounds of gold.
  • In front of him on the pilgrimage, he had 500
    slaves dressed in silk, carrying gold staffs.

7
(No Transcript)
8
II. Decline of Mali
  • A. Internal Problems
  • When Mansa Musa died, family argued over who was
    next in line.
  • Newly conquered regions began to rebel.
  • In East, Songhai people gained strength.
  • In 1325, Mali captured Songhai city of Gao.
  • 40 years later, Gao was independent of Mali
  • B.External problems
  • Beber nomads came from the North and Eventually
    captured Timbuktu.
  • In the south, bandits raid caravans and military
    outposts.
  • By 1500, Mali had been pushed back into its
    original borders, no longer a strong empire.

9
III. The Empire of Songhai
  • A. Songhai expands
  • Berbers controlled the city of Timbuktu since
    1433.
  • In 1468, Muslim leaders asked the Songhai king,
    Sunni Ali, to overthrow the Berbers.
  • Ali does, killing many people and taking control
    of Timbuktu.
  • Gets a reputation as a powerful king who rules
    harshly.
  • Conquered neighboring land like Djenne, after 7
    year siege.

10
III. The Empire of Songhai (continued)
  • B. Askia Muhammad
  • Empire expanded greatly under Sunni Alis rule.
  • When he died in 1492, his son was declared ruler.
  • Askia Muhammad wanted to seize the crown though.
  • Felt that Sunni Ali did not practice Islam the
    right way.
  • A year later, Askia defeated Sunni Alis son and
    become ruler.

11
III. The Empire of Songhai (continued)
  • C. Askias Organization
  • Greatest achievement was organizing the
    government.
  • Divided empire into provinces.
  • Put a governor in charge of each province.
  • Had directors of finance, agriculture, army, and
    navy.
  • Set up a system of organized tax collection.
  • Spread Islam throughout the empire using
    scholars.
  • In rural areas, traditional beliefs were still
    mixed with Islam.

12
Example of mixing beliefs..
13
III. The Empire of Songhai (continued)
  • D. Songhai Falls
  • Askia Muhammads son would eventually remove his
    father from the throne.
  • He was followed by a series of weak rulers.
  • 1580s- Moroccans take over the salt mines.
  • 1591- Moroccans take over Timbuktu and Gao.
  • Empire collapsed
  • Even with the fall of the Empire, those Africans
    who live in kinship groups will live much the
    same as they had before or during the empire.

14
Gallery Walk
  • With a partner, walk around the room and answer
    these questions by looking at the placards up on
    the wall.
About PowerShow.com