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Apartheid South Africa, 1948 - 1994

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... refusing to buy white products, going into white only areas, and marching in nonviolent demonstrations. Desmond Tutu (Archbishop) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Apartheid South Africa, 1948 - 1994


1
ApartheidSouth Africa, 1948 - 1994
2
Always Racially Divided
  • 1910 South Africa gained self-rule from Britain
  • 1948 National Party came to power
  • promoted Afrikaners (Dutch South Africans)
  • instituted apartheid complete separation of
    races

3
APARTHEID
  • Social contact between whites and blacks banned
  • Government set up homelands where all blacks
    had to live
  • whites got the best land
  • Segregated schools, hospitals, neighborhoods

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Resistance to Apartheid
  • 1912 African National Congress formed (ANC)
  • famous leader Nelson Mandela
  • Non-violent protests often became violent between
    ANC supporters and police

12
  • Mandela as a young ANC leader

13
  • The shanty towns became centers for black groups
    who resisted the white government.
  • Thousands resisted apartheid by refusing to work,
    refusing to buy white products, going into white
    only areas, and marching in nonviolent
    demonstrations.

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  • Desmond Tutu (Archbishop) asked foreign countries
    to isolate South Africa
  • SA banned from Olympics
  • F.W. de Klerk elected president
  • legalized ANC and released Mandela from prison

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Mandela and de Klerk jointly receive Nobel Peace
Prize
20
  • 1st universal elections April 1994
  • Mandela wins!
  • South Africa developed a Constitution

21
AFRICAN DECOLONIZATION
  • African nations fight for independence from
    colonial powers (1940s 1980s)
  • Right to self-determination allowing people to
    decide for themselves under what government they
    wished to live

22
African nations have generally been
unstablewhy?
  1. Tribal and ethnic fighting.
  2. Europeans only taught Africans to farm 1 or 2
    products, not enough for a country to live on.
  3. Military governments replaced democracies.
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