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The Catholic Reformation and the Baroque Style

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Northern Europe The Protestant Baroque France The aristocratic Baroque Italy and elsewhere The Catholic Baroque The Catholic Reformation We should always be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Catholic Reformation and the Baroque Style


1
Chapter 20
  • The Catholic Reformation and the Baroque Style

2
The Age of the Baroque
  • 1600-1750

3
The Age of the Baroque
  • Main features
  • dramatic expression
  • theatrical spectacle
  • spatial grandeur
  • (Fiero 503)

4
Macao's Ruins of St Paul, whose correct name is
the Church of Madre de Deus, is the only example
of Baroque art and architecture in China.
5
The Catholic Baroque Italy and elsewhere
The aristocratic Baroque France
The Protestant Baroque Northern Europe
6
  • The Catholic Reformation

7
The Counter-Reformation
  • 1534-90 Counter-Reformation popes
  • 1530s Loyola founded the Jesuits
  • 1545-63 Council of Trent

8
Ignatius Loyola
  • - 1491- 1556
  • - Founded the Society of Jesus, or the Jesuits
  • - Spiritual Exercises

9
We should always be disposed to believe that
that which appears white is really black, if the
hierarchy of the Church so decides.
(Ignatius Loyola)
10
The Jesuits
  1. Took an oath of strict obedience to the pope
  2. Espoused a life of active service in the world
  3. Committed to education and missionary work

11
Matteo Ricci
  • 1552-1610

12
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13
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14
Council of Trent
  • 1545-63
  • 1) to reform the church
  • Unified church doctrine
  • Abolished corruption
  • Confirmed papal authority

15
Council of Trent
  • 2) to confront the Protestant challenge
  • Insisted on the integration of both faith
    and good works in the process of salvation.
  • Emphasized spiritual renewal through
    faith, prayer, and religious ceremony.

16
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17
Sterner Means of Control
  • The Inquisition
  • the church court dealing with heretics
  • Censorship
  • Index Expurgatorius
  • (Index of Prohibited Books)

18
Cristiano Ban, 1857, Galileo in front of the
Roman Inquisition
19
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20
Catholic Mysticism
  • Loyolas Spiritual Exercises
  • Teresa of Avilas autobiographical writings
  • Poetry of Richard Crashaw

21
Catholic Mysticism
  • Emphasize the immediacy of religious experience

22
  • Development of the Baroque Style

23
Mannerism
  • -A pejorative term in the beginning, referring
    to artists who were felt to imitate the manner,
    esp. of Michelangelo, without catching anything
    of the spirit.
  • -Now applied to Italian painting and sculpture
    of the period between the climax of High
    Renaissance (1520) and the beginning of Baroque
    (1600).

24
Mannerism
  • -figural distortions
  • -irrational space,
  • -bizarre colors,
  • -general disregard of Renaissance rules
    (symmetry geometric clarity)

25
figura serpentinata
  • Serpentine figure
  • The figure and all its parts should resemble the
    letter S. All the figures are characterized by
    athletic twists and turns.

26
Michelangelo, Victory, c.1530
27
Giambologna, Hercules and the Centaur, 1594-1600
28
Giambologna, Mercury, c. 1564
29
Michelangelo, The Last Judgment
30
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31
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32
Parmigianino, The Madonna of the Long Neck, c.
1535
33
Mannerism
  • El Greco
  • (1541-1614)

34
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35
Da Vinci
36
The Immaculate conception
37
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38
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39
View of Toledo
40
The Baroque
  • Italy Caravaggio, Carracci, Bernini
  • France Poussin
  • Spain Velazquez
  • Flemish Rubens
  • Dutch Vermeer, Rembrandt

41
Caravaggio
  • 1573-1610

42
The Supper at Emmaus
43
Caravaggio, The Conversion on the Way to
Damascus1600
http//www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/c/caravagg/i
ndex.html
44
Caravaggio, The Crucifixion of Saint Peter1600
http//www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/c/caravagg/i
ndex.html
45
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46
Caravaggio, The Sacrifice of Isaac1601-02
http//www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/c/caravagg/i
ndex.html
47
Caravaggio, David, 1606-7
http//www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/c/caravagg/i
ndex.html
48
Caravaggio, The Calling of Saint Matthew1599-1600
http//www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/c/caravagg/i
ndex.html
49
foreshortening
  • To shorten (as a design) by proportionately
    contracting in the direction of depth so that an
    illusion of projection or extension in space is
    obtained.

50
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51
Trompe loeil
  • To fool the eye
  • An illusionistic style

52
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53
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54
Bernini
  • 1598-1680

55
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56
Artemisia Gentileschi
  • 1593-1653

57
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58
Caravaggio, Judith Beheading Holofernesc. 1598
http//www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/c/caravagg/i
ndex.html
59
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60
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61
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62
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63
  • Baroque Architecture

64
  • Saint Peters Basilic by Bernini
  • piazza in front of Saint Peters Basilic
  • the colonnade of the courtyard
  • the bronze canopy over the high altar of the
    basilica
  • Il Gesù by Giacomo della Porta
  • San Carlo (alle Quattro Fontane) by Francesco
    Borromini

65
  • The End
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