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Horticulture Science Lesson 2 Determining the Importance of the Horticulture Industry

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Title: Horticulture Science Author: Lindi Kocher Last modified by: Mark A. Ustby Created Date: 8/17/2007 3:59:56 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Horticulture Science Lesson 2 Determining the Importance of the Horticulture Industry


1
Horticulture Science Lesson 2Determining the
Importance of the Horticulture Industry
2
Interest Approach
Begin the lesson by giving each student a copy of
a grocery store advertisement. Have each student
take turns giving an example of a vegetable,
fruit, and nut. List these on the overhead.
Point out the variety of products that can be
found in the local marketplace.
3
Student Learning Objectives
  • Describe the popularity of horticulture.
  • Appraise the importance of the ornamental
    horticulture industry.
  • Assess the importance of the olericulture
    industry.
  • Judge the importance of the pomology industry.

4
Terms
  • floral production
  • floriculture
  • landscape horticulture
  • olericulture
  • pomology

5
Why is the horticulture industry popular?
  • For much of human history there has been an
    interest in flowers and flowering plants.
  • It has also been common throughout history for
    people to raise fruits and vegetables in small
    gardens to supplement their diets.

6
Why is the horticulture industry popular?
  • In modern history, a green revolution took
    place in the 1960s and 1970s and the interest in
    horticulture became widespread.
  • Today, horticulture is popular and important in
    all societies, both rich and poor.

7
Why is the horticulture industry popular?
  • The popularity of horticulture has had many
    advantages.
  • An increase in jobs, increase in food for humans
    and animals, and an increase in aesthetic
    pleasure are just some of the advantages.

8
Why is the horticulture industry popular?
  • Education and training required for people
    wanting to be involved in the horticulture
    industry has led to increased enrollment in
    horticulture and agronomic programs at land-grant
    and two-year college programs.

9
Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
important?
  • The ornamental horticulture industry is made up
    of two important segments.
  • One is floriculture (the culture of flowers) and
    the other is landscape horticulture (producing
    and using plants to beautify the environment).

10
Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
important?
  • Floriculture is an international, multibillion
    dollar industry.
  • Floriculture includes the production,
    distribution, and processing of flowering and
    foliage plants.

11
Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
important?
  • Floral production is the growing of flowering or
    foliage crops to maturity.
  • Once mature, they are harvested and sold.
  • Mature plants can be sold as cut flowers or
    foliage, potted flowering plants, foliage plants,
    or bedding plants.

12
Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
important?
  • The National Agricultural Statistics Service
    reports that in 2004 floriculture crops were
    worth 5.2 billion on the wholesale market.
  • California, Florida, Michigan, Texas, and New
    York led the nation in wholesale floriculture
    production.

13
Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
important?
14
Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
important?
  • Landscape horticulture is a billion-dollar
    industry in the United States.
  • Homeowners spent 50.9 billion in 1999 to
    improve, and maintain their landscapes and
    gardens.

15
Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
important?
  • In 2000, nursery production was measured at 3.3
    billion nationally.
  • Deciduous shrubs accounted for 23 percent of
    total sales broadleaf evergreens, 18 percent
    and deciduous trees, 12 percent.

16
Why is the olericulture industry important?
  • Olericulture is the area of horticulture that
    involves the production of vegetable food crops.
  • Vegetables are not only important to our daily
    nutrition, but they are also important to the
    U.S. agricultural economy.

17
Why is the olericulture industry important?
  • In 2004, vegetables made up over 10 billion of
    U.S. farm receipts.
  • Vegetables, both fresh and processed, are a
    commodity.
  • California is the leader in both fresh and
    processed vegetables in the United States.

18
Why is the olericulture industry important?
  • Vegetables are grown on 1 percent of the total
    cropland in the United States.
  • This amount has been relatively stable for the
    past 25 years. However, the production of
    vegetables has increased.
  • The increase in production on virtually the same
    amount of land is the result of increased
    technology and more efficient production
    practices.

19
Why is the olericulture industry important?
20
Why is the pomology industry important?
  • Pomology is the area of horticulture that
    involves the production of fruit and nut crops.
  • Fruits and nuts, like vegetables, are also
    important to our daily nutrition and the U.S.
    economy.

21
Why is the pomology industry important?
  • In 2004, the value of U.S. noncitrus fruit
    amounted to 9.01 billion. Citrus production in
    2005 totaled 2.39 billion.
  • The value for U.S. nut production in 2004 was
    3.25 billion.
  • Fruit growing is a popular but labor-intensive
    industry.

22
Why is the pomology industry important?
  • The United States is one of the worlds top
    producers of fruits and nuts.
  • Ten percent of the worlds apples, pears, plums,
    and prunes, 20 percent of the worlds peaches,
    and 25 percent of the worlds citrus fruit are
    produced in the United States.

23
Review/Summary
  • Why is the horticulture industry popular?
  • Why is the ornamental horticulture industry
    important?
  • Why is the olericulture industry important?
  • Why is the pomology industry important?
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