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Unit 1: Colonization

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Bread Colonies (wheat, barley, rye ... Westward Expansion Which of these was the FIRST example of a written agreement for colonial self-government in the British ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 1: Colonization


1
Unit 1 Colonization
  • Religion, social, political, economic
  • New England
  • Puritans
  • Plymouth
  • Mayflower Compact
  • Salem Witch Trials
  • Public Education
  • Ship building, trade, commerce
  • Big cities
  • Middle
  • Quakers
  • Dutch
  • Diversity
  • Some big cities (nyc, philly)
  • Bread Colonies (wheat, barley, rye)
  • Southern
  • Cash Crops
  • Slave labor, indentured servants
  • No public education or cities

2
Unit 1 Colonization
  • -Representative Government
  • -Magna Carta
  • -Mayflower Compact
  • -Political rights
  • -British Law Parliament
  • -English Bill of Rights
  • -Conflict of Colonial legislatures royal
    governors

3
Unit 1 Colonization
Key People -William Penn -Thomas Hooker -Roger William Anne Hutchinson -John Smith -Pocahontas Documents -Mayflower Compact -Magna Carta -Fundamental Orders of Connecticut -English Bill of Rights -Virginia House of Burgesses
4
Unit 2 American Revolution
  • When
  • 1775-1783
  • Who
  • England vs Colonies
  • Why
  • To gain independence
  • -Colonists angry over taxing from England
    without representation in Parliament
  • -Stamp Act, Townshend Act, Boston Massacre,
    Boston Tea Party
  • Impact
  • US gained independence land from Atlantic to
    Mississippi River
  • Declaration
  • Documents
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Common Sense
  • Olive Branch Petition

5
Unit 2 Articles of Confederation
  • 1st form of government (1781 1789)
  • Firm League of Friendship
  • States had more power then Federal government
  • National Weaknesses no executive, no judicial
    system, no power to tax, took 9/13 states to pass
    a law, 1 vote per state, no national army/navy..
  • Shays Rebellion showed problems
  • Northwest Ordinance 1 successful law passed
    under Articles that made guidelines for statehood

6
Unit 2 Constitutional Convention
  • Country in economic crisis
  • Met to revise then rewrite Government
  • 3 compromises The Great, 3/5, slave trade
  • Federalists vs Anti Federalist political
    philosophies
  • Federalists Papers
  • Bill of rights
  • 2 party system (Hamilton and Jefferson)
  • Democratic Republicans
  • Supreme Court John Marshall Marbury vs Madison

7
Unit 2 Constitution
  • Ratified in 1789
  • Principles Popular sovereignty, Limited
    Government, Separation of powers, Checks
    balances, Federalism
  • Branches
  • 1. Legislative 2. Executive 3. Judicial
  • Whiskey Rebellion

8
Unit 2 Establishing a Nation
Key People -Thomas Jefferson -Alexander Hamilton -John Marshall -Henry Clay -George Washington Documents -Articles of Confederation -Constitution -Bill of Rights -Federalist Papers
9
Unit 3Westward Expansion
  • challenges
  • Impact
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Major land gains
  • Railroad
  • Routes out west
  • Displacement of Native Americans
  • War of 1812
  • Era of Good Feelings
  • Monroe Doctrine foreign relationships
  • Texas Revolution
  • Mexican American war
  • Jacksonian Democracy

10
Unit 3 Westward Expansion
-Key People -Thomas Jefferson -Lewis and Clark - Sacajawea -James K. Polk - Helen Hunt Jackson -Santa Anna -Sam Houston -Andrew Jackson -Documents -Treaty of Ghent -Monroe Doctrine -Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo - Indian Removal Act -Dawes Act -Missouri Compromise
11
Multiple Choice
12
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • "It is the object of that system to enrich a
    great nation rather by trade and manufacturing
    than by the improvement and cultivation of land,
    by the industry of the towns rather than by that
    of the country."
  • What system does the passage describe?
  • capitalism B) mercantilism
  • C) industrialization D) the factory system

13
  • B) mercantilism

14
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • Which of these was the FIRST example of a written
    agreement for colonial self-government in the
    British colonies in North America?
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • B) The Iroquois Confederacy
  • C) Albany Plan of Union
  • D) Mayflower Compact  

15
  • D) Mayflower Compact
  •  Made by the pilgrims who had fled England for
    religious freedom, the Mayflower Compact was a
    necessity because the ship (The Mayflower) had
    landed far off course, rendering the original
    rules void.

16
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • The differences in the economic development of
    the mid-Atlantic, New England, and Southern
    colonies can BEST be attributed to the
  • A) customs of the immigrants.
  • B) geographic conditions there.  
  • C) level of the education of their citizens.
  • D) differences in their colonial governments.

17
  • B) Geographic conditions there
  • The differences in the economic development of
    the mid-Atlantic, New England, and Southern
    colonies can BEST be attributed to the geographic
    conditions there. Not only were different crops
    grown in the regions, the coastlines varied
    greatly, allowing shipping to be a major business
    in New England.

18
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • The primary goal of the people who instigated the
    American Revolution was
  • A) to establish a new economic elite in North
    America.
  • B) to establish the worlds first democratic
    government.
  • C) to regain the rights they felt the British had
    been denying them.  
  • D) to make legally binding the concepts of
    equality and liberty for all in the colonies.

19
  • C) to regain the rights they felt the British had
    been denying them.  
  • The thought of a democracy was not the primary
    motivation for those who began the Revolution.
    They yearned to regain the rights they felt the
    British had been denying them , and they hoped to
    start a new government based mainly on the
    British style of government, but with a few
    obvious changes.

20
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • One of the major conflicts between northern and
    southern states in the writing of the new
    Constitution centered on
  • whom would be allowed to vote.
  • B) how best to choose the President.
  • C) how to count slaves in the census.  
  • D) the western boundary of the United States.

21
  • C) how to count slaves in the census.  
  • Determining how to count slaves in the census was
    one of the major conflicts in the writing of the
    new Constitution. Northern states did not want to
    count slaves as people for the purpose of the
    census, but southern states wanted each one to
    count a full person. The final decision, known as
    the 3/5ths Compromise, determined that every five
    slaves would be counted as three whole people in
    the census.

22
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • Both John Locke and Thomas Jefferson wrote about
    the natural rights of man. In what document are
    these "inalienable rights" specifically
    mentioned?
  • the Bill of Rights
  • B) the Mayflower Compact
  • C) the Preamble to the Constitution
  • D) the Declaration of Independence  

23
  • D) the Declaration of Independence
  • In the Declaration of Independence these
    "inalienable rights" are specifically mentioned.
    Specifically, The Declaration of Independence
    states "We hold these truths to be self-evident,
    that all men are created equal, that they are
    endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable
    Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and
    the pursuit of Happiness." 

24
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • How many Justices serve on the U.S. Supreme
    Court?
  • 5
  • B) 6
  • C) 9  
  • D) 11

25
  • C) 9  
  • Like a baseball team, the Supreme Court consists
    of 9 Justices. There are no qualifications to be
    on the Supreme Court, but Justices are wanted who
    can hit left-handed pitching. No not really.

26
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • The Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths
    Compromise both dealt with
  • the admission of new western states.
  • the territorial expansion of slavery.
  • C) the regulation of interstate commerce.
  • D) the representation of states in Congress

27
  • D) the representation of states in Congress.  
  • Both compromises dealt with the representation of
    states in Congress. The Great Compromise settled
    the disputes between large and sparsely populated
    states involving Congressional representation,
    while the Three-Fifths Compromise allowed
    southern states to count slaves towards
    representation.

28
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • The political followers of Thomas Jefferson took
    up the name "Democratic-Republicans," preferring
  • the immediate abolition of slavery in border
    states.
  • a strong federal government with broad political
    powers.
  • more political and economic power for those with
    wealth.
  • a decentralized government with specific
    political powers.  

29
  • D) a decentralized government with specific
    political powers.
  •  The Democratic-Republicans preferred a
    decentralized government with specific political
    powers. Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and
    James Monroe were leading Democratic-Republicans.

30
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • Which of these would have been MOST likely to
    take the Oregon Trail?
  • Native Americans migrating from the east
  • B) Americans trying to settle on the west coast
  • C) people riding on the Transcontinental
    Railroads
  • D) a businessman trying to make a fortune in New
    York City

31
  • B) Americans trying to settle on the west coast
  • The Oregon Trail operated during most of the 19th
    century, though it saw its greatest use in the
    middle of the century. This was primarily used by
    Americans trying to settle on the west coast in
    the days before the relative ease of the
    Transcontinental Railroad.

32
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • Which is an example of the concept of Manifest
    Destiny in action?
  • the Compromise of 1850
  • B) the Missouri Compromise
  • C) the Transatlantic Slave Trade
  • D) the annexation of Mexican territory

33
  • D) the annexation of Mexican territory
  •  Since "Manifest Destiny" was the belief that the
    U.S. was ordained by God to spread to the Pacific
    Ocean, the annexation of Mexican territory is the
    best answer here. The other issues deal with
    slavery or slavery in the territories of the
    United States.

34
Colonies Westward Expansion
  • Which of the following helped to further the
    Westward Expansion in the United States after
    1865?
  • A) California Gold Rush
  • B) Abolition of Slavery
  • C) Transcontinental Railroad  
  • D) Lewis and Clark Expedition

35
  • C) Transcontinental Railroad  

36
Political Cartoon 1
  • Identify the time period.
  • Significant people/person or documents.
  • Explain the cartoon?

37
Political Cartoon 2
  • Identify the time period.
  • Significant people/person or documents.
  • Explain the cartoon?

38
Political Cartoon 3
  • Identify the time period.
  • Significant people/person or documents.
  • Explain the cartoon?

39
Political Cartoon 4
  • Identify the time period.
  • Significant people/person or documents.
  • Explain the cartoon?
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