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Title: Hazardous Materials


1
Hazardous Materials Hazardous Waste Training
  • September 10, 2008
  • Drug Laboratory Disposal, Inc.
  • 331 Broad Street
  • Plainwell, MI 49080

Steve Barker, CHMM
2
  • There are many training requirements with which
    to comply under various Federal regulations.
  • EPA, DOT OSHA
  • are the primary agencies that enforce specific
    training requirements related to management of
    hazardous waste.

3
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Provides a systematic approach to managing
hazardous waste
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
5
Regulates hazards during transportation
DOT Department of Transportation
6
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health
Administration
Regulates workplace conditions and practices
7
EPA Training Requirements
40 CFR 262.34 (d)(5)(iii)Hazardous waste
managementRCRA in 1976
8
Anyone who could cause non-compliance at a
facilityAnyone with duties which ensure the
facilitys compliance Annual review of written
training plan
EPA Training Requirements
9
Must include job-specific waste management
proceduresMust be completed within 6 months of
assignment to the facilityMust have supervision
until trainedTraining must be reviewed annually
EPA Training Requirements
10
DOT Training Requirements
49 CFR 172.700 173.1 (b)Hazardous materials
transportation
11
Employees who directly affect transportation
safetyRepeated at least every 3 yearsChange
in rules requires additional training.
DOT Training Requirements
12
DOT Training Requirements
General awarenessFunction-specific
trainingSecurity trainingSafety training
13
Must include test and be kept for 3
yearsTraining completed within 90 days of
employment, during which they may not work
with hazardous materials unless under
supervision of trained and knowledgeable
employee
DOT Training Requirements
14
OSHA Training Requirements
29 CFR 1910.1200(h)Hazardous chemicals
workplace safety
15
Any employee who could be exposed to any physical
or health hazardRecognize hazards and protect
employees from hazards through proper
communicationEstablish a written hazardous
communication program
OSHA Training Requirements
16
OSHA Training Requirements
Must be trained how to work with hazardous
chemicals to prevent illnesses, injuries, or
deathMust include container management
techniques, safe chemical use, proper protective
equipment use, and spill response training
17
OSHA Training Requirements
Labels on incoming containers of hazardous
chemicalsHave MSDS readily accessible for each
work shiftFor waste shipment, have containers
labeledInitial training and whenever new
physical or health hazards are introduced
18
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__ _ _______ ____
20
Step 1 Classification
21
Step 1
Most important everything hinges on generator
knowledge, materials, and processes used. What
is it and is it a hazardous materialMust
determine the type of hazard and the degree of
hazard
22
Step 1
We need to know the physical and chemical
properties.-Physical state (liquid, solid,
gas)-Flashpoint or boiling point-Will it kill
people (toxicological effect)-What does it do to
your skin-Is it reactive to air, water, other
chemicals-Is it radioactive
23
Step 1
Get information fromMSDSText
booksManufacturers dataAnalytical results
24
Step 1
3 ways to become a hazardous materialMeets a
hazard class definition from 1 8The DOT says
so with a entryMiscellaneous class 9
25
Step 1
Hazard class definitions
1 Explosives 2.1 Flammable Gas 2.2
Non-Flammable Gas 2.3 Poisonous Gas 3
Flammable Liquid 4.1 Flammable Solid 4.2
Spontaneously Combustible Material 4.3 Dangerous
When Wet Material
26
Step 1
Hazard class definitions
5.1 Oxidizer 5.2 Organic Peroxide 6.1 Poisonous
Materials 6.2 Infectious Substance 7
Radioactive Naterial 8 Corrosive Material 9
Misc. Hazardous Material ORM-D Other Regulated
Material
27
Step 1
The DOT says so with a entry About 50
chemicals from a list of 3000Must be shipped
under this classificationExamples phenol,
magnesium arsenate
28
Step 1
Miscellaneous Class 9If it doesnt meet a
hazard class and meets one of the following It
has airplane hazards (Crew safety) It is a
hazardous waste (EPA number) Marine pollutant
Separate list by DOT Elevated temperature
material Molten or hot
29
Step 1
Forbidden materialsMay not legally be offered
for transportation or transportedUsually have
to meet specific conditions for safety before
transportation
30
Step 1
Determine the degree of hazardPGI indicates
greater dangerPGII indicates medium
dangerPGIII indicates minor danger
31
Step 1
Indicated by packing group, used in packaging the
material Some hazard classes dont have packing
groups. (2, 7)Not safe to over classify.
(responders and employees safety)
32
Step 1
Division 3 Packing Groups
Packing Group Flash Point Initial Boiling Point
I   35C (95F)
II 23C (73F) gt 35C (95F)
III 23C (73F) but 60.5C (141F) gt 35C (95F)
33
Step 1
Division 6.1 Packing Groups
Packing Group Oral toxicity LD50 (mg/kg) Dermal toxicity LD50 (mg/kg) Inhalation toxicity by dusts and mists LC50 (mg/L)
I 5 40 0.5
II gt 5 but 50 gt 40 but 200 gt 0.5 but 2
III solids gt 50 but 200 liquids gt 50 but 500 gt 200 but 1000 gt 2 but 10
34
Step 2 What is the best proper shipping name
and waste code?
35
Step 2
A material may meet the defining criteria for
more than one hazard class but is assigned to
only one hazard class.Lots of chemicals are
toxic.
36
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38
Step 2
Select from column 2Be accurateBe specific
(technical names, chemical family, end use,
n.o.s. use)
39
Step 2
Waste characteristics and waste code
numbers-Characteristic D codes-F listed
solvents-P U toxic waste codes-Act 451
industrial liquid codes
40
Characteristic D CodesD001 Ignitable waste
codeD002 Corrosive waste codeD003 Reactive
waste codeD004 D011 Toxic heavy metals waste
codesD012 D043 Toxic organic codes
41
F Listed SolventsF001 - Used in degreasing (6
solvents)F002, F003, F004, F005 - Spent
Solvents (28 solvents) Examples methanol,
xylene, methylene chloride
42
P U Toxic Waste CodesCommercial chemical
products pureP codes - acutely toxicU codes
toxicExamples nickel cyanide, bromoform
43
Act 451 Industrial Liquid CodesAct 451 Part 121
liquid industrial wastesNot EPA waste
codesCan be DOT shipping nameExamples
Antifreeze, crankcase oil
44
Act 451 CodesMixed Solvents (Solvent
Solutions) 007LPharmaceutical 014LAutomotiv
e Oil 017LCoolants and Water Soluble
Oils 019LOther Oil 021LPolychlorinated
Biphenyls 026LOther Waste 029LAntifreeze
030LStorm Sewer Cleanouts 031LSanitary
Sewer Cleanouts 032LX-Ray/Photo
Solutions 033LWater Based Cleaning
Solutions 034LGrease Trap Wastes 036L
45
Universal WasteThere are certain hazardous
wastes that a business can choose to manage in an
alternative manner in place of the more complex
hazardous waste regulations.
46
Advantages of Universal Waste Regulations -
Waste can be accumulated up to one year -
A Hazardous waste manifest is not required -
Volume is not included in determining generator
status - Less labeling is required
47
Types of Universal Waste - Batteries -
Electric Lamps - Electronic
components - Mercury-Containing Devices
- Pesticides - Pharmaceuticals
48
Electronic Equipment Computer Monitors
TVsCRTs (cathode ray tubes) in monitors and
TVs have been tested and show lead levels
exceeding the regulatory limit of 5.0 mg/L. Some
models also contain barium, chromium, or mercury.
Meeting the definition of hazardous waste
allows these electronics to be managed as
universal waste.
49
Regulated Medical WasteIntended to help
employees avoid injuries and disease. Regulated
medical waste, n.o.s., 6.2, UN3291, PG IIWaste
code possibilities 029L or N/A
50
Blood borne PathogensUse OSHAs universal
precaution method. Treat all blood as dangerous.
-Blood-soaked bandages-Discarded surgical
gloves and instruments -Cultures-Hepatitis-Tet
anus-HIV
51
SharpsCan inflict injuries and
disease.-Broken glass -Lancets-Needles
-Razor blades
52
Step 3 Packaging
53
Step 3
The point of packaging is to make sure that the
stuff stays inside the packaging during normal
transportation. Includes temperature changes,
handling, vibration caused by rough roads or
curves.
54
Step 3
The type of packaging you can useThe standards
or specifications the packaging has to meet The
rules for filling and closing the packageWhen
different hazardous materials may be placed in
the same package
55
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57
Step 3
Requirements in column 8 of HM table
172.101Combination packagingSingle packaging
58
Step 3
49 CFR 178.503 Marking of packages
4G/Y145/S/83/USA/RA
1A1/Y1.4/150/83/USA/VL824/1.0
59
Manufacturer's Markings are not found inside
the drum. They will be found on the outside
of the drum or container.
60
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61
Step 3
Empty containers DOT vs. EPA Standards If
empty, package is not subject to hazardous
material regulations.
62
Step 3
DOT empty containers Cleaned of residue and
purged of vapor All hazardous markings and
labels have been removed or covered Remaining
residue is not a hazardous waste or marine
pollutant
63
Step 3
EPA empty containers Must contain less than 1
inch of residue or less than 3 by weight of
material Gas cylinder must equal atmospheric
pressure
If contained acutely hazardous waste, container
must be triple rinsed or inner liner removed
64
Step 4 Filling out the Shipping Papers
65
Step 4
Must accompany the shipmentPrinted legibly in
English, no abbreviationsKeep copy for 3
yearsMust get copy from TSDF within 45 days.
If not, call EPA.
66
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67
Step 4
The person signing a hazardous waste manifest is
also signing the DOT-required shippers
certification, certifying that the entire
shipment is in full compliance with all
applicable DOT regulations.
68
Step 4
Anyone who prepares, completes or signs a
hazardous waste manifest must have training as
required by the DOTs hazmat employee training
standard under 49 CFR 172 subpart H.
69
Step 5 Marking and Labeling
70
Step 5
Markings identify What the material is Correct
emergency response actions Shippers name and
address Special handling precautions
71
Step 5
Markings include Proper shipping name, UN
number, shippers name and address EPA ID
number, manifest tracking number Technical names
of hazardous materials and waste
codes Hazardous Waste Statement.
72
Step 5
Labels identify What hazard the material
has Special handling precautions
73
Step 5
Labels include Diamond shaped hazard class
labels Square precaution labels
74
Step 5
Label Examples 1- Hazardous Warning Statement
2- Generator Name and Address 3- Generator EPA
ID Number 4- Accumulation Start Date 5- EPA
Waste Codes 6- Manifest Document Number 7-
Proper Shipping Name, Technical Name, Special
Hazard Warning (if applicable) and DOT
Exemptions (If applicable)                        
                       
1
2
Act 451, Part 121 Regulated Materials (used
oil) U of M Flint
Riverfront 602 Mill Street
Flint
MI
48503
7
3
6
5
4
2
7
75
Step 6 Placarding
76
Step 6
The shipper or generator must ensure that
placards are provided Displayed on all four
sides Visible without interference on each side
and horizontal placement
77
Step 6
Table 1 ------------------------------------------
------------------------------

Placard Category of material (Hazard
design class or
division number and Placard name
section additional description, as
reference
appropriate)
( ) ----------------------------------
-------------------------------------- 1.1........
...................... EXPLOSIVES 1.1..........
172.522 1.2..............................
EXPLOSIVES 1.2.......... 172.522 1.3.........
..................... EXPLOSIVES 1.3..........
172.522 2.3..............................
POISON GAS.............. 172.540 4.3.........
..................... DANGEROUS WHEN WET......
172.548 5.2 (Organic peroxide, Type B,
ORGANIC PEROXIDE........ 172.552 liquid or
solid, temperature controlled). 6.1 (inhalation
hazard, Zone A or POISON INHALATION HAZARD
172.555 B). 7 (Radioactive Yellow III label
RADIOACTIVE \1\......... 172.556
only). -------------------------------------------
----------------------------- \1\ RADIOACTIVE
placard also required for exclusive use shipments
of low specific activity material and surface
contaminated objects transported in accordance
with 173.427(a) of this subchapter.

78
Step 6
Table 2 ------------------------------------------
------------------------------

Placard Category of material
(Hazard design
class or division number and Placard
name section additional description,
as reference
appropriate)
( ) ------------------------------------
------------------------------------ 1.4..........
.................... EXPLOSIVES 1.4..........
172.523 1.5..............................
EXPLOSIVES 1.5.......... 172.524 1.6.........
..................... EXPLOSIVES 1.6..........
172.525 2.1..............................
FLAMMABLE GAS........... 172.532 2.2.........
..................... NON-FLAMMABLE GAS.......
172.528 3................................
FLAMMABLE............... 172.542 Combustible
liquid............... COMBUSTIBLE.............
172.544 4.1..............................
FLAMMABLE SOLID......... 172.546 4.2.........
..................... SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE
172.547. 5.1..............................
OXIDIZER................ 172.550 5.2 (Other
than organic peroxide, ORGANIC PEROXIDE........
172.552 Type B, liquid or solid,
temperature controlled). 6.1 (other than
inhalation POISON..................
172.554 hazard, Zone A or B). 6.2.............
................. (None)..................
........... 8................................
CORROSIVE............... 172.558 9...........
..................... Class 9 (see
172.560
172.504(f)(9)). ORM-D............................
(None).................. ........... -----------
--------------------------------------------------
-----------
79
Step 7 Loading, Moving, and Unloading
80
Step 7
Materials handled to prevent damage during
loading and unloading. -This end up -No
smoking by classes 1,2,3,4,5.
81
Step 7
  • Segregated and separated to prevent incompatible
    material from mingling during transportation.
  • -Incompatibles 4 feet from each other
  • -Use segregation table

82
Step 7
Secured and braced to prevent movement and damage
during transportation -strapped in truck every
10 feet -watch for load shifting
83
Step 8 Dealing with Emergencies
84
Step 8
In transportation Protect the general
public Control and clean up releases Prevent or
extinguish fires
85
Generator Categories
Any person or place that creates hazardous waste
86
Generator Categories
LQG Large Quantity Generator
Generates 2,200 pounds or more waste per
month Can accumulate on site for 90 days No
limit on amount stored Must be at least one
employee available to respond to
emergency Written plans for handling emergencies
87
Generator Categories
SQG Small Quantity Generator
Generates 220 to 2,200 pounds of waste per
month May accumulate on site for up to 180
days Accumulation limit is 13,200 pounds Must
be at least one employee available to respond to
emergency No written emergency plan needed
88
Generator Categories
CESQG Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity
Generator
Can generate 220 pounds or less waste per
month Accumulation limit is 2,200 pounds No
plans or reporting required
89
Accumulation
Mark the accumulation start date on each
container Mark each container with words
hazardous waste Have written emergency
plan Keep containers closed and in good
condition Inspect containment area and document
90
Security Plans EPA
Personnel security Unauthorized access En route
security Plan in writing and kept
91
Security Awareness DOT Required for
all hazmat employees An awareness of security
risks Recognize possible security threats Know
how to respond
92
Security Awareness OSHA Regulates workplace
storage of flammable and combustible
liquids Size, amount and place of
containers Personal protective equipment
supplied if needed Safety plans and exit routes
93
National Fire Protection Association Based on
possible fire situations Standard system for the
identification of hazardous materials Assists in
effective fire and emergency planning
94
Division rating scale 0, 1 - unlikely to become
dangerous 2 - depends on the circumstances 3,
4 - it is dangerous now
95
Enforcement and penalties EPA has authority to
inspect facilities Can require corrective
actions to take place Criminal penalties or fines
96
FINES PENALTIES FINES PENALTIES FINES PENALTIES FINES PENALTIES FINES PENALTIES
Summary Summary Summary Summary Summary
Act Sanction Intent Maximum Fines Maximum Imprisonment
RCRA (Hazardous Waste) Civil None 32,500/day
RCRA (Hazardous Waste) Criminal Knowingly 25,000/day (doubled for second offense) 1 year (doubled for second offense)
RCRA (Hazardous Waste) Criminal Knowing imminent endanger-ment to human life 250,000 1,000,000(organizations) 2 years
RCRA (Hazardous Waste) Criminal Knowing extreme indifference to human life 250,000 1,000,000(organizations) 5 years
97
Where does the waste go?
98
Hazardous Materials Hazardous Waste Training
  • September 10, 2008
  • Drug Laboratory Disposal, Inc.
  • 331 Broad Street
  • Plainwell, MI 49080

Steve Barker, CHMM
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