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Slavery

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Moors Moorish Conquest & Control of Spain & Portugal 956-1492 Trade between Northern Africa & Europe Use of Slaves in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Slavery


1
Slavery
It's Impact on Africa the World
2
Moors
  • Moorish Conquest Control of Spain Portugal
    956-1492
  • Trade between Northern Africa Europe
  • Use of Slaves in Iberian Peninsula

3
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4
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5
Portuguese Slave Trade
  • Portugal explored West Coast of Africa
  • Established commercial trading post on Islands
    off coast of Africa--these will become Holding
    Factories
  • Goree Island

6
Slave Wars
  • Dutch, British French compete with Portuguese
    for control of slave trade.
  • African Ethnic Groups begin wars to conquer
    territory enslave enemies.

7
  • Bight of Benin
  • between 1711-1810 about 1 million people were
    captured along the Bight of Benin

8
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11
Goree Island
  • Off Coast of Senegal
  • slave port for 300 years
  • exported over 10 of all slaves taken to the
    Americas
  • 17 battles fought to control Goree

12
In the Fortress
  • Slaves were branded
  • manacled to the walls
  • fed on bread water
  • held for 2 weeks to 2 months

13
Middle Passage
  • 11-15 million slaves survive the journey to the
    Americas
  • no one knows how many died being captured
    transported--60 million?

14
Slave warehouses
  • Once slaves reached Caribbean they were sold to
    plantations or held in warehouses to be shipped
    to North or South America

15
Where were they sent?
22
33
20
5
7
12
16
In South America
  • Coffee , tobacco, sugar plantations
  • mining for
  • gold, silver gem

17
In Caribbean
  • Sugar Plantations
  • Europes craving for sugar was the 1 reason
    for the transatlantic slave trade

18
Slave Revolts
19
Revolts on board ships
  • 240 known slave revolts that took place during
    the Middle Passage
  • Amistad revolt in July of 1839 was one of few
    successful revolts
  • Portrait of Cinque

20
Slave revolts in colonies
  • 250 recorded incidents of slave rebellions in the
    Americas
  • Stono Rebellion in South Carolina, 1739
  • Haiti, 1793

21
Abolition Movement
22
Olaudah Equiano
His autobiography inspired others to start
abolition movement
23
English Abolitionism
  • Lead by Granville Sharp
  • English abolished slavery in 1830
  • took leading role in stopping transatlantic slave
    trade

24
Brazilian Antislave Movement
  • Led by Joaquim Nabuco Antonio Alves
  • Law of the Womb in 1871
  • Golden Law in 1888

25
Diaspora
Write down a definition for this word.
26
How was African Slave Trade
Different
from previous
forms of
Slavery?
  • Racism
  • Hereditary
  • Slave were property, not peoplegt No legal
    protections.

27
Impact of slave trade
  • 10-15 million dead
  • suffering of the enslaved people
  • European power wealth
  • weakened Africa, allowing Europe to conquer
    Continent in 19th century
  • Diaspora
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