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Muhammad: The Seal of the Prophets A mercy to mankind

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Towards Understanding Islam & Muslims Muhammad: The Seal of the Prophets A mercy to mankind Compiled by Amgad Saleh afsultan_at_yahoo.om 2003-2004 AhmadSultan.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Muhammad: The Seal of the Prophets A mercy to mankind


1
Muhammad The Seal of the Prophets A mercy to
mankind
Towards Understanding Islam Muslims
  • Compiled by


Amgad Saleh
afsultan_at_yahoo.om
2003-2004
AhmadSultan.com
2
Greetings of Islam
  • A-Salamu Alaikom
  • Peace be unto you
  • Wa Alaikom A-Salam
  • and unto you be peace

3
Outline
  • The Last Messenger to Mankind
  • Muhammads Message
  • Muhammads Character
  • Muhammads Approach (selective aspects)
  • Conclusions

4
The Last Messenger to Mankind Muhammad Peace Be
Upon Him (PBUH)
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was sent to all mankind
    by the one God who sent Abraham, Moses, Jesus,
    and all prophets
  • We have not sent you but as a universal
    messenger to all people, giving them glad
    tidings, and warning them (against sin), but most
    people do not understand (Ouran 3428)
  • And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said O
    Children of Israel! Im the messenger of Allah
    (God) sent to you confirming the law which came
    before me (Torah) and giving glad tidings of a
    messenger to come after me, whose name shall be
    Ahmad (Muhammad) (Ouran 616)
  • My example and the prophets who came before me
    is like a man built a very nice house with one
    brick missing, so people would say except if this
    brick is there. So Im the missing brick and Im
    the Seal of the prophets (Sahih Bukhari)

5
The Prophets
Muhammad
600 Years
Jesus
John
Zechariah
Elisah
Elijah
Solomon
Jonah
David
Naturalized Arabs
Aaron
Moses
Shuaib
Tribes
Ezekiel
Joseph
Job
Jacob
Isaac
Ishmael
Abraham
Lot
Saleh
Non-Arabian side of the Semites
Original Arabs
Hud
Extinct Arabs
  • All Prophets and their followers throughout
    history is one nation under one God
  • Muslims make no difference between one and
    another of the prophets

Sam
Arabian side of the Semites (Original, Extinct,
and Naturalized)
Yapheth
Noah
Ham
The Flood
Idris
Other Prophets mentioned in Quran
Adam
6
Muhammads Message Submission
  • Say Verily, my Lord has guided me to a way that
    is straight A religion of right The path
    (trod) by Abraham, the true in faith and he
    (certainly) joined not gods with Allah
  • (Ouran 6161)

7
Muhammads Message A way of Life based on
Contemplation and Understanding
  • Didnt you see that Allah sends down rain from
    the sky? With it We then bring out produce of
    different colors. And the mountains are tracts
    white and red, of various shades of color, and
    black intense in hue. And so amongst men and
    crawling creatures and cattle, are they of
    various colors. Those truly fear Allah among his
    servants, who have knowledge. For Allah is the
    Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving (Ouran
    3527-28)
  • The followers of the prophets have accepted
    their messages as they witnessed the miracles
    they have shown. In my case, I was given a
    revelation to be recited (read, thought and
    understood) (Sahih Bukhari)

8
Muhammads Character A testimony by the Creator
  • Exemplary Character
  • And you stand on an exalted standard of
    character (Ouran 684)
  • Now has come unto you a messenger from amongst
    yourselves it grieves him that you should
    perish Ardently anxious is he over you to the
    believers is he most kind and merciful (Ouran
    9128)
  • It is part of the mercy of Allah (God) that you
    did deal gently with them. Were you severe or
    harsh-hearted they would have broken away from
    around you. So pass over (their faults), and ask
    for Allahs forgiveness for them, and consult
    with them in affairs of the moment. Then when you
    has taken a decision, put your trust in Allah.
    For Allah loves those who put their trust in Him
    (Ouran 3159)

9
Muhammads Character (2) A testimony by the
Creator
  • Combined the best in all prophets characters
  • Those were the (prophets) who received Allahs
    Guidance Copy the guidance they received
    (Ouran 690)
  • Piety and Youth (Joseph)
  • Firmness and Strength (Mosis)
  • Patience and Mercy (Abraham) ? Muhammad
  • Nobleness and Peace (Jesus)
  • Patience and Taking account in God (Job)

10
Muhammad The Great Leader Testimonies by Notable
Non-Muslims
  • Michael H. Hart (1978)
  • My Choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the
    World's most influential persons may surprise
    some readers and may be questioned by others, but
    he was the only man in history who was supremely
    successful on both the religious and secular
    level"
  • The 100 A Ranking of the Most Influential
    Persons in History", New York Hart Publishing
    Company, Inc., 1978, p.33.
  • George Bernard Shaw(1935)
  • "I believe that if a man like him were to
    assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he
    would succeed in solving the problems in a way
    that would bring the much needed peace and
    happiness. Europe is beginning to be enamored of
    the creed of Muhammad. In the next century it may
    go further in recognizing the utility of that
    creed in solving its problems"

11
Muhammad The Great Leader (2) Testimonies by
Notable Non-Muslims
  • Lamartine (1855)
  • If greatness of purpose, smallness of means and
    astounding results are the three criteria of
    human genius, who could claim to compare any
    great man in modern history with Muhammad?"
  • Gandhi(1922)
  • I become more than ever convinced that it was
    not the sword that won a place for Islam in those
    days. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter
    self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous
    regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his
    friends and followers and his intrepidity, his
    fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in
    his own mission. These and not the sword carried
    everything before them and surmounted every
    obstacle"

12
Rationale, Lenient, Not-violent Muhammads
Approach
  • Patience when dealing with people
  • Rationale in actions
  • Changing peoples mind by persuasion
  • The same idols worshipers are the one who
    destroyed them

13
Love To People and Their Guidance Muhammads
Approach
  • After the battle of Uhud where he was injured
    and lots of Muslims were killed, he prayed for
    the Maccan guidance
  • Oh Allah (God) give guidance to my people,
    they lack knowledge

14
Recognizing peoples shortcomings Muhammads
Approach
  • A man came to him admitting being drunk
    requesting to be punished
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked the man to wait
    after the prayer
  • After the prayer the man re-requested to be
    punished. The prophet recognized his repentance
    and answered Did you not pray with us? and sent
    him away.

15
Balanced Emotions Muhammads Approach
  • Softness
  • Asking a young boy about his sick little bird
    Abul-omair (the boys name) how did Al-Noghair
    (the bird) do
  • Seriousness and Toughness
  • If Fatima the daughter of Muhammad did steel,
    Muhammad would apply the the law of God on her
    (Sahih Bukhari)

16
Insightful Muhammads Approach
  • Peace agreement with Maccan (Al-Hudaibiah Treaty)
    by showing the Muslims intension to perform
    Umrah (subset of Pilgrimage)
  • Avoid fighting during the conquest of Macca by
    recognizing a prominent Maccan leader social
    status
  • Whoever enters his house is safe, whoever enters
    the Kabbah is safe, and whoever enters
    Abu-Sufians house is safe

17
Forbearing Muhammads Approach
  • Listening to people and restraining himself when
    subject to harsh words and accusations from
    others
  • Oh Muhammad give me (money) from what God has
    given you, it is not yours nor your fathers

18
Humbleness and Politeness Muhammads Approach
  • Towards God
  • When asked why you stand all night praying while
    God has forgiven your sins, he answered Should
    not I be a thankful servant
  • Towards People
  • Going out with his companions, he would choose
    the most un-desirable task to perform by the
    group such as finding and collecting wood that
    can be used to lit the fire for cooking

19
Communication and Information Muhammads Approach
  • Dealing with Misinformation
  • He worked very hard to communicate and educate
    the misinformed communities about his message

20
Team Building and Consultation Muhammads
Approach
  • He always consulted his companions and made
    decisions based on consensus
  • During the battle of the Ditch, he followed the
    consensus of his companions to continue in the
    battle and not to make any compromise in order to
    relief them

21
Non - Confrontational Muhammads Approach
  • He avoided confronting individuals who came to
    him and foolishly tried to confront him
  • Oh Muhammad give me (money) from what God has
    given you, it is not yours nor your fathers

22
Scope and Priorities Muhammads Approach
  • In Macca (immoral society)
  • Explaining the right and wrong
  • Addressing keys to the highest level of human
    manners
  • In Madina (new Muslim society)
  • Emphasizing the importance of family relations
    and values
  • Strengthen social ties
  • Stressing on unity and diversity
  • Building economy
  • Building relationship with other communities
    (Treaties)

23
Integrating a diverse Society Muhammads Approach
  • Integrating and establishing unity in a society
    (Madina) that was diverse in both conviction and
    traditions
  • Unity between the Aws and Khazraj two long
    time rival tribes in Madina
  • Building relations with the Jewish tribes
  • Establishing political and economical systems in
    Madina
  • Establishing relations and treaties with the
    surrounding communities

24
Conclusion
  • Muhammad (PBUH) was sent to all mankind by the
    one God who sent Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and all
    prophets
  • An exalted standard of character that combined
    the best in all prophets characters

25
Conclusion (2)
  • Rationale approach that is lenient, not violent,
    and yet firm that demonstrated an exemplary
    leadership and human quality through
  • Love To People and Recognizing theirs
    shortcomings
  • Balanced emotions
  • Forbearing and being Insightful
  • Communication and Information
  • Humbleness and Politeness
  • Team Building and Consultation
  • Scope, Priorities, and Integrating a diverse
    society

26
References
  • The Nobel Quran, Translations of the meanings
    by Yousef Ali, Picthal, and Shaker.
  • http//www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/
  • Sahih Bukhari, Prophet Muhammad Sayings.
  • http//www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsun
    nah/bukhari/
  • Fiqh-U-Seerah Understanding the Life of Prophet
    Muhammad (PBUH), by Muhammad Al-Ghazali
  • The 100 A Ranking of the Most Influential
    Persons in History", New York Hart Publishing
    Company, Inc., 1978, by Michael Hart
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