Cost Leadership - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Cost Leadership PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4ff0e5-MzFkO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Cost Leadership

Description:

Cost Leadership MBA 693R Strategic Management Mark Hansen Paul Godfrey Business Level Strategies Two Generic Business Level Strategies Cost Leadership: generate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:491
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: marriotts9
Learn more at: http://marriottschool.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Cost Leadership


1
Cost Leadership
  • MBA 693R Strategic Management

Mark Hansen Paul Godfrey
2
Business Level Strategies
Two Generic Business Level Strategies
Cost Leadership
generate economic value by having lower
costs than competitors
Example Wal-Mart
Product Differentiation
generate economic value by offering a
product that customers prefer over competitors
product
Example Harley-Davidson
3
Why Cost Leadership Matters
Competitive Market
ATCind
ATCff
D
P
Above Normal Economic Returns
Q
4
Understanding Cost Advantage
Managers need to understand who has the cost
advantage in their market
it could be the focal firm
develop a strategy to exploit the advantage
it could be a competitor
develop a strategy to either capture
the advantage or compete on some other basis
5
Sources of Cost Advantage
Economies of Scale
average cost per unit falls as quantity
increases -until the minimum efficient scale is
reached
are a cost advantage because competitors
may not be able to match the scale because of
capital requirements (barrier to entry)
international expansion may allow a firm to
have enough sales to justify investing in
additional capacity to capture economies of scale
6
Sources of Cost Advantage
Diseconomies of Scale
are an advantage for those who do not
have diseconomies of scale
occur when firms become too large and
bureaucratic
are a risk of international expansion
Example Nucor Steel
7
Sources of Cost Advantage
Learning Curve Economies
a firm gets more efficient at a process with
experience
the more complicated/technical the
process, the greater the experience advantage
international expansion may propel a firm down
the experience curve because of higher volumes
Example Fuel Injectors
8
Sources of Cost Advantage
Differential Low-Cost Access to Productive Inputs
may result from
historybeing in the right place at the right
time
being first into a marketesp. foreign markets
natural endowmentowning a mineral deposit
locking up a sourcebuying all of its output
Example Quantity Carpet Buys
9
Sources of Cost Advantage
Technology Independent of Scale
may allow small firms to become cost competitive
advantage typically accrues to the owner of
the technologymay or may not be the ones who
actually use the technology
size of the advantage depends both on how
valuable and protectable the technology is
Example Vegetable Inspection
10
Sources of Cost Advantage
Policy Choices
firms get to choose how they will serve the
market
well offer level of quality that is
inexpensive to produce
firms can make policy choices that give people
incentives to reduce cost at every opportunity
Example Southwest Airlines
11
Cost Leadership Competitive Advantage
A source of cost advantage will lead to
competitive advantage if that source is
Valuable
Rare
Costly to Imitate
Organized (Implemented Appropriately)
12
Value of a Cost Advantage
Entry
Buyers
lowers incentives for buyers
to vertically integrate
increases capital requirements for entrants
Rivalry
Suppliers
Substitutes
competitors rationally avoid price competition
increases importance of the focal firm
to the supplier
limits attractiveness of substitutes
13
Rareness of a Cost Advantage
the rareness of a source of cost
advantage depends heavily on the industry life
cycle
some advantages may be rare in an emerging
industry, and then lose rareness as the
industry moves toward a mature industry
learning curve economy
how much time have competitors had to attempt
imitation?
Example Wal-Marts IT System
14
Imitability of Sources of Cost Advantage
Conditions largely determine if a source of
cost advantage will be costly to imitate
Low Cost Conditions
Unbalanced Industry Capacity and Demand
Non-Proprietary Technology
Highly Observable Technology
Transactional Exchange
(A cost advantage can be easily imitated)
15
Imitability of Sources of Cost Advantage
High Cost Conditions
Balanced Industry Capacity and Demand
Path Dependence (Historical Uniqueness)
Protected Technology
Highly Unobservable Technology (Causal Ambiguity)
Relational Exchange (Social Complexity)
(A cost advantage cannot be easily imitated)
16
Implementing a Cost Leadership Strategy
A strategy is only as good as its implementation
Strategy is implemented through
organizational structure and control
structure 1) the division of
management responsibilities, and 2) the
establishment of reporting relationships
control policies intended to influence
behavioralign the interests of the individual
with the interests of the organization
17
Summary
Business Level Strategy
Cost Leadership
Product Differentiation
Cost Advantages
Competitive Advantage Depends on Meeting VRIO
Criteria
Economies of Scale
Diseconomies of Scale
Emphasis on Organization (Implementation)
Learning Curve Economies
Differential Input Access
Technology
Structure Control
Policy Choices
About PowerShow.com