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Performance Management and Strategic Planning

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Performance Management and Strategic Planning Overview Definition and Purposes of Strategic Planning Linking Performance Management to the Strategic Plan Strategic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Performance Management and Strategic Planning


1
Performance Management and Strategic Planning
2
Overview
  • Definition and Purposes of Strategic Planning
  • Linking Performance Management to the Strategic
    Plan
  • Strategic Planning
  • Developing Strategic Plans at the Unit Level
  • Job Descriptions
  • Individual and Team Performance
  • Building Support

3
Strategic Planning Definition
  • Process
  • Describe organizations destination
  • Assess barriers
  • Select approaches for moving forward

4
Strategic Planning Goal
  • Allocate resources to provide organization with
    competitive advantage

5
Strategic Planning Purposes
  • Help define the organizations identity
  • Help organization prepare for the future
  • Enhance ability to adapt to environmental change
  • Provide focus and allow for better allocation of
    resources

(continued on next slide)
6
Strategic Planning Purposes
  • Produce an organizational culture of cooperation
  • Allow for the consideration of new options and
    opportunities
  • Provide employees with information to direct
    daily activities

7
Strategic Planning Overview
  1. Environmental Analysis
  2. Mission
  3. Vision
  4. Goals
  5. Strategies

8
Environmental Analysis
  • Identifies external and internal trends
  • To understand broad industry issues
  • To make decisions using big picture context

9
External trends
  • Opportunities
  • environmental characteristics that can help the
    organization succeed
  • Threats
  • environmental characteristics that can prevent
    the organization from being successful

10
External trends Factors to Consider
  • Economic
  • Political/Legal
  • Social
  • Technological
  • Competitors
  • Customers
  • Suppliers

11
Internal trends
  • Strengths
  • internal characteristics that the organization
    can use for its advantage
  • Weaknesses
  • internal characteristics that can hinder the
    success of the organization

12
Internal trends Factors to Consider
  • Organizational structure
  • Organizational culture
  • Politics
  • Processes
  • Size

13
Gap Analysis
  • Analyzes
  • External environment
  • (opportunities and threats)
  • vis-à-vis
  • Internal environment
  • (strengths and weaknesses)

14
Gap analysis determines
  • Opportunity Strength Leverage
  • Opportunity Weakness Constraint
  • Threat Strength Vulnerability
  • Threat Weakness Problem

15
Strategic Planning for the Organization
  • Environmental and Gap Analyses provide
    information for organizations to decide
  • Who they are
  • What they do

16
Mission
  • A good mission statement answers
  • Why does the organization exist?
  • What is the scope of the organizations
    activities?
  • Who are the customers served?
  • What are the products or services offered?

17
Mission Statement contains
  • Information on organizations
  • Basic product/service to be offered
  • Primary market/customer groups
  • Unique benefits and advantages of
    product/services
  • Technology to be used
  • Concern for survival through growth and
    profitability

18
Mission Statement may contain
  • Information on organizations values and beliefs
  • Managerial philosophy
  • Public image sought by organization
  • Self-concept of business adopted by
  • Employees
  • Stockholders

19
Vision
  • Statement of future aspirations
  • Focuses attention on what is important
  • Provides context for evaluating
  • Opportunities
  • Threats

20
A Good Vision Statement 8 Characteristics
  1. Brief
  2. Verifiable
  3. Bound by a Timeline
  4. Current

21
A Good Vision Statement 8 Characteristics
(continued)
  1. Focused
  2. Understandable
  3. Inspiring
  4. A stretch

22
Purposes for Setting Goals
  • Formalize expected achievements
  • Provide motivation
  • Provide tangible targets
  • Provide basis for good decisions
  • Provide basis for performance measurement

23
Strategies
  • Create strategies or Game Plans or How to
    procedures to address issues of
  • Growth
  • Survival
  • Turnaround
  • Stability
  • Innovation
  • Leadership

24
How the HR Function contributes
  • Communicate knowledge of strategic plan
  • Provide knowledge of KSAs needed for strategy
    implementation
  • Propose reward systems

25
Strategic Plans at the Unit Level
  • Organization Mission statement, Vision statement,
    Goals, and Strategies
  • Must clearly align with
  • And be congruent with
  • Every Unit Mission statement, Vision statement,
    Goals, and Strategies

26
Alignment of Strategic Plan with Performance
Organizations Strategic Plan Mission, Vision,
Goals, Strategies
Critical to involve all levels of management
Units Strategic Plan Mission, Vision, Goals,
Strategies
Job Description Tasks, KSAs
Critical to involve all employees
Individual and Team Performance Results,
Behaviors, Developmental Plan
27
Job Descriptions
  • Tasks and KSAs are congruent with Organization
    and Unit strategic plans
  • Activities described support mission and vision
    of Organization and Unit

28
Individual and Team Performance
  • Organization and Unit mission, vision, goals lead
    to
  • Performance management system, which
  • Motivates employees
  • Aligns development plans with organization
    priorities

29
Strategic Plan ? 6 Choices in PM System Design
  1. Criteria (Behavior vs. Results)
  2. Participation (Low vs. High)
  3. Temporal Dimension (Short Term vs. Long Term)

30
Strategic Plan ? 6 Choices in PM System Design
(continued)
  • Level of Criteria (Individual vs. Team/Group)
  • System Orientation (Developmental vs.
    Administrative)
  • Rewards (Pay for Performance vs. Tenure/Position)

31
Building Support Answering Whats In It for
Me?
  • Top Management
  • Help carry out vision
  • All levels
  • Involvement
  • Participation
  • Understanding

32
Quick Review
  • Definition and Purposes of Strategic Planning
  • Linking Performance Management to the Strategic
    Plan
  • Strategic Planning
  • Developing Strategic Plans at the Unit Level
  • Job Descriptions
  • Individual and Team Performance
  • Building Support
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