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George W. Bush (43)

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George W. Bush (43) The 2000 Race Al Gore (D) Ralph Nader (G) 2000 Election 2000 election results Florida 537 votes Legal Documents Bush Background Senator Prescott ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: George W. Bush (43)


1
George W. Bush (43)
2
The 2000 Race
  • Al Gore (D) Ralph Nader (G)

3
2000 Election
  • 2000 election results

4
Florida
  • 537 votes
  • Legal Documents

5
Bush Background
  • Senator Prescott Bush Pres. GHW Bush
  • (with Ike)

6
His Administration
  • Foreign Affairs advisers Bush II
  • Domestic Policy advisers W I
  • Policies Reagan III
  • But Compassionate Conservatism
  • No Child Left Behind

7
Post-Modern Presidency?
  • 1789-1933 Pre-Modern
  • 1933-1989 Modern or Crisis Presidency
  • 1989 End of the Crisis Presidency
  • Post-Modern?
  • Bush-Clinton-Bush
  • Weak executive
  • Madisonian model
  • Governor of the USA

8
World Trade Center, NYC
9
Pentagon
10
Al- Qaeda and Osama bin-Laden
  • Bin-Laden videos
  • 1996 fatwa
  • 1998 fatwa
  • Al-Qaeda Training Manual (from Dept. of Justice)

11
  • A Return to the
  • Crisis Presidency/ Modern Presidency
  • Theory and Practice

12
Unitary Executive Theory
  • Executive Power
  • National Security
  • Theme in Republican Presidencies
  • Nixon - Impoundment
  • Nixon - Watergate
  • Reagan Iran-Contra

13
1. Homeland Security Organization
  • Office of Homeland Security (OHS)
  • Homeland Security Council (HSC)

14
Homeland Security Council System
Homeland Security Council (HSC) Members
President, Vice President, Secretaries of
Treasury, Defense, Health and Human Services,
Transportation, Attorney General , White House
Chief of Staff, Directors of Office of Management
and Budget, Central Intelligence, FBI, FEMA,
Chief of Staff to the VP. Chaired by Homeland
Security Adviser. National Security Adviser may
attend all meetings. Invitees invited to
meetings depending on the issue Secretaries of
State, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, Labor,
Energy, Veterans Affairs, EPA Administrator,
Deputy National Security Adviser for Combating
Terrorism, Counsel to the President
  • Policy Coordinating Committees (PCCs). These are
    interagency committees composed of Under and
    Assistant Secretary level officials from member
    and invitee departments/ agencies of HSC, chaired
    by Senior Directors of Office of Homeland
    Security Directorates

Office of Homeland Security (OHS). Managed by
Homeland Security Adviser Professional Staff of
100. Directorates for Protection and
Prevention Research and Development Response
and Recovery Communications Intelligence and
Detection Policy and Plans.
HSC Principals Committee (HSC/PC) All Members and
Invitees of HSC meeting without the President
and Vice President. Chaired by Homeland Security
Adviser.
Domestic Threat Response and Incident Management
PCC
Medical and Public Health Preparedness PCC
Public Affairs PCC
Key Asset, Border, Territorial Waters, and
Airspace Security PCC
HSC Deputies Committees (HSC/DC) Deputies to
HSC/PC Members/Invitees. Chaired by Deputy
Homeland Security Adviser
WMD PCC
Economic Consequences PCC
Detection, Surveillance, Intelligence PCC
Plans, Training, Evaluation, Exercises PCC
Research and Development PCC
Domestic Transportation Security PCC
Law Enforcement, And Investigations PCC
15
Congress Fights Back
  • Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
  • DHS Organizational Chart

16
2. Asking Congress for Authority
  • A. AUMF 9/18/01 (Authorization to Use Military
    Force)
  • House 420-1 (Sheila Jackson Lee, D-TX)
  • Senate 98-0
  • B. USA PATRIOT ACT (10/26/01)

17
3. Terrorist Surveillance Program
  • Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) Law
  • Protect America Act of 2007

18
4. Legal Status of Individuals
  • Detainees (unlawful enemy combatants)
  • President George W. Bush Military Order, November
    13, 2001, Detention, Treatment, and Trial of
    Certain Non-Citizens in the War Against
    Terrorism
  • Authorization to Use Military Force, September
    18, 2001

19
The Legal Evolution
  • Rasul v. Bush
  • Hamdi v. Rumsfeld
  • Padilla v. Rumsfeld
  • Detainee Treatment Act, 2005
  • Hamdan v. Rumsfeld
  • Military Commissions Act, 2006
  • Boumediene v. Bush
  • Other cases
  • Fate of detainees

20
5. Treatment of Individuals
  • Memos from the Office of Legal Counsel, Bush and
    Obama Administrations concerning detainee
    treatment and interrogation policies Detainee
    Treatment Act, 2005
  • Senate Judiciary Committee Hearings on Detainee
    Treatment, May 2009

21
  • Interrogation of al Qaeda Operative, Memorandum
    for John Rizzo, Acting General Counsel of the
    Central Intelligence Agency, from Jay Bybee,
    Assistant Attorney General, August 1, 2002, from
    http//www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/olc/zubaydah.pdf

22
6. Signing Statements
  • Standard US Governmental Process
  • Congress
  • introduces bill
  • negotiation begins Exec-Leg Bill becomes
  • agreement law
  • Pres
  • Introduces bill Exec-Leg
  • disagreement
  • Congress passes bill
  • Pres vetoes
  • Congress overrides

23
  • Standard Process with Signing Statement
  • P. implements
  • his version
  • Congress of law
  • introduces bill
  • negotiation begins Exec-Leg Bill becomes
  • agreement law
  • Pres
  • Introduces bill Exec-Leg
  • disagreement
  • Pres. signs law
  • Adds interpretation
  • in signing statement

24
The Language in the Signing Statements
  • The executive branch shall construe reference
    to the bill in a manner consistent with the
    constitutional authority of the President to
    supervise the unitary executive branch.

25
US People and Presidential Power
  • Americans side with presidential power in time of
    crisis
  • 2002 midterm election
  • House Before After
  • R 221 R 227
  • D 212 D 206
  • I 2 I 2
  • Senate R 49 R 51
  • D 50 D 48
  • I 1 I 1

26
(No Transcript)
27
2002-2003 Bush 43 Makes the Case
  • VP Cheney speech at VFW, August 2002
  • UN Security Council Res. 1441 (11/02)
  • Congressional Authorization for Use of Military
    Force Against Iraq, PL 107-243, 10/16/02
  • National Security Adviser Rice, January 2003
    mushroom cloud comment
  • Secretary of State Colin Powells United Nations
    presentation on Iraqi WMD (February 2003)

28
Hurricane Katrina
29
Iraq, Weekend of July 7, 2007(Washington Post)
30
US public opinion turns against the war
31
The Great Recession
32
Bush Public Approval
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