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Linking Verbs with Predicate Words

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Linking Verbs with Predicate Words * * * * * * Let s Practice! What is the word lady in the sentence below? subject predicate nominative predicate adjective object ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Linking Verbs with Predicate Words


1
Linking Verbs with Predicate Words
2
Linking Verbs
  • A linking verb connects the subject of a sentence
    with a predicate word that identifies/renames or
    describes the subject.
  • Mrs. Frey is my English teacher.

predicate word
linking verb
subject
3
Predicate Words
  • A predicate word
  • Follows a linking verb
  • Identifies or renames the subject gt predicate
    nominative (noun/pronoun)
  • He is my friend.
  • Describes the subject gt predicate adjective
  • He is nice.

Linking verb
Predicate nominative
Linking verb
Predicate adjective
4
Sentence Patterns with LVs
  • S LV PN
  • S LV PA

Predicate nominatives (PNs) and predicate
adjectives (PAs) are called SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS
because they always tie back to the SUBJECT in
some way! PNs rename or further identify the
subject PAs describe or modify the subject
5
Linking Verbs
  • Forms of be am, are, is, was, were, be, being,
    been
  • Senses look, appear, taste, smell, feel, sound
  • Others become, seem, grow, stay, remain,
    turn
  • These verbs can also be action verbs, depending
    on how they are used in a sentence.

6
LV or AV?
  • A tip for checking to see if a verb is a linking
    verb vs. an action verb is to substitute the word
    is/was or are/were for the verb.
  • The kitten looks so innocent.
  • The kitten looks at the bird.

Linking verb can replace with is
Intransitive action verb can NOT replace with
is the kitten is actually using its eyes to
see the bird
7
His face turned red with embarrassment.
  1. Linking verb
  2. Action verb

8
The car turned and went the opposite direction.
  1. Linking verb
  2. Action verb

9
She smelled the flowers.
  1. Linking verb
  2. Action verb

10
The perfume smelled sweet.
  1. Linking verb
  2. Action verb

11
Predicate Nominatives
  • A predicate nominative always.
  • Comes after a linking verb
  • Is a noun or pronoun that identifies/renames the
    subject
  • Can NOT be in a prep. phrase
  • Can be compound
  • Examples
  • Matthew is a student in my class.
  • Michele was a member of the club.

Linking verb
Predicate noun identifying Matthew
Predicate noun identifying Michele
Linking verb
12
Predicate Adjective
  • A predicate adjective always.
  • Comes after a linking verb
  • Is an adjective that describes the subject
  • Can NOT be in a prep. phrase
  • Can be compound
  • Examples
  • Matthew is very bright in class.
  • Michele was extremely organized at
    meetings.

Predicate adjective describing Matthew
Linking verb
Predicate adjective describing Michele
Linking verb
13
PNs and PAs
  • You can NOT have both a PA and a PN following the
    same linking verb!
  • Example Chocolate is my favorite flavor.

Linking verb
Predicate nominative
NOT a PA just a regular ADJ describing the PN
flavor
14
Finding PNs or PAs
  • Process
  • Strip out prepositional phrases.
  • Find the verb, and determine if it is a linking
    verb. Remember the is/am/was/were test!
  • Find the subject.
  • In the predicate (after the LV), look for a
    noun/pronoun that renames/identifies the subject
    (PN) or an adjective that describes the subject
    (PA).
  • Example
  • The puppy at the pet store is a hound.
  • The puppy is a hound.
  • The puppy is a hound.
  • The puppy is a hound.

subject
linking verb
Predicate noun (PN) that identifies the subject
puppy
15
Lets Practice!
  • What is the predicate nominative in the following
    sentence?
  • Mr. Wolgast is the principal at Ferguson Middle
    School.

Linking verb
subject
Principal is a noun that follows the linking verb
is and identifies Wolgast the subject), so it
is a predicate nominative!
16
Lets Practice!
  • What is the predicate adjective in the following
    sentence?
  • Mr. Wolgast is usually fair with students.

subject
Linking verb
Fair is an adjective that follows the linking
verb is and describes Mr.Wolgast (the subject),
so it is a predicate adjective!
17
A predicate nominative is either a noun or
adjective.
  1. True
  2. False

18
A predicate adjective can be in a prepositional
phrase.
  1. True
  2. False

19
A predicate nominative and predicate adjective
always follow a linking verb.
  1. True
  2. False

20
A predicate nominative describes the subject.
  1. True
  2. False

21
The puppy in the window was so cute!
  1. Predicate nominative
  2. Predicate adjective

22
The puppy in the window will be my pet soon!
  1. Predicate nominative
  2. Predicate adjective

23
My sister is my best friend.
  1. Predicate nominative
  2. Predicate adjective

24
The cake looked delicious.
  1. Predicate nominative
  2. Predicate adjective

25
The watch in the catalog looked cheap.
  1. Predicate nominative
  2. Predicate adjective

26
The sculpture was a great work of art.
  1. Predicate nominative
  2. Predicate adjective

27
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word happy in the following sentence?
  • Predicate nominative
  • Predicate adjective
  • She was not very happy
  • with her work.

subject
linking verb
Happy is an adjective that follows the linking
verb was and describes the subject she, so it is
a predicate adjective!
28
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word cousins in the following
    sentence?
  • Predicate nominative
  • Predicate adjective
  • The girls in the car are my cousins.

subject
Linking verb
Cousins is a noun that follows the linking verb
are and identifies the subject girls, so it is a
predicate nominative!
29
Lets Practice!
  • What is the predicate nominative in the following
    sentence?
  • boy
  • smile
  • friend
  • mine
  • The boy with the nice smile is a friend of mine.

Predicate nominative which further identifies the
subject boy
30
Lets Practice!
  • What is the predicate adjective in the following
    sentence?
  • boy
  • nice
  • smile
  • pleasant
  • me
  • The boy with the nice smile is always pleasant to
    me.

Predicate adjective describing the subject boy
31
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word sounds in the sentence below?
  • Transitive action verb
  • Intransitive action verb
  • Linking verb
  • The lady at the store sounds angry.

Linking verb which connects the PA angry with the
subject lady
32
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word cookies in the sentence below?
  • PN
  • PA
  • DO
  • IO
  • I ate ten cookies after lunch.

DO noun that answers what? after the action
verb ate
TAV has a direct object cookies
33
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word us in the sentence below?
  • PN
  • PA
  • DO
  • IO
  • You should give us a break for a change!

IO answers to whom? after DO break
TAV has a DO break
DO answers what? after action verb should give
34
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word lady in the sentence below?
  • subject
  • predicate nominative
  • predicate adjective
  • object of preposition
  • The lady at the store seems angry.

subject
35
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word store in the sentence below?
  • subject
  • predicate nominative
  • predicate adjective
  • object of preposition
  • The lady at the store seems angry.

Object of preposition
36
Lets Practice!
  • What is the word angry in the sentence below?
  • subject
  • predicate nominative
  • predicate adjective
  • object of preposition
  • The lady at the store seems angry.

Predicate adjective
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