Aerial Apparatus Operator - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title:

Aerial Apparatus Operator

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Basic Concepts of ... brake steer front wheels in the direction of the skid let up on accelerator gradually do not release clutch until vehicle is under control once ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aerial Apparatus Operator


1
Aerial Apparatus Operator
  • Operating Emergency Vehicles

2
Driving Regulations
  • Drivers must observe
  • State and Local laws
  • Department Policy
  • Drivers may be prosecuted if they fail to obey
    regulations
  • Emergency vehicles are not exempt from traffic
    laws

3
Attitude
  • First element in learning to drive safely
  • Driver must remain calm
  • Driver cannot demand right-of-way

4
Attitude
  • Accidents occurring enroute have many consequences

5
Safety on Apparatus
  • Vehicle must be in safe condition
  • Riders should be fully dressed before getting on
  • Tailboard riding not allowed
  • Avoid backing up

6
How is YOUR driving?
7
Basic Concepts of Defensive Driving
  • Anticipate others reactions
  • Visual lead time
  • Braking and reaction time

8
Basic Concepts of Defensive Driving
  • Combating skids
  • Evasive tactics
  • Knowledge of weight transfer

9
Anticipate Other Drivers Reactions
  • Know rules that govern public when emergency
    vehicles approach
  • People may panic
  • Drivers may not see or hear you
  • Expect the unexpected

10
Control Factors
  • Aim high in steering
  • Get the big picture
  • Keep your eyes moving
  • Leave yourself an out
  • Make sure others see and hear you
  • Adjust speed to conditions

11
Visual Lead Time
  • Interacts directly with reaction time and
    stopping distance
  • Driver responsible for 360 degree driving

12
Braking and Reaction Time
  • Speed affects stopping distance
  • Reaction distance braking distance stopping
    distance
  • Fire apparatus can take 310 feet to stop at 45 mph

13
Combating Skids
  • Avoid conditions that cause skids
  • If vehicle goes into a skid practice good skid
    control
  • Proper tire maintenance is crucial for skid
    prevention

14
Evasive Tactics
  • Anticipation is the key to defensive driving
  • During an evasive maneuver
  • leave hands on wheel
  • do not lean or sway
  • use your arms to steer
  • look ahead
  • braking is not generally indicated

15
Weight Transfer
  • Objects in motion tend to stay in motion
  • High weight on apparatus contributes to skids
  • Centrifugal force tends to throw apparatus to
    outside of curves

16
Adverse Weather
  • Rain or ice makes roads slippery
  • Stopping distance 3-15 times more for wet or icy
    roads
  • Adjust speed

17
Tiller Operator
  • Must be qualified to operate aerial ladder
  • Must be aware of
  • trailer distance from building
  • angle of trailer placement
  • overhead clearance
  • side and rear obstructions
  • grades and slopes

18
Tiller Operator Training
  • Good Signal Practice
  • Trailing in-line
  • Quickly bringing trailer into line as turn is
    completed
  • Adequately observe overhangs
  • Avoid rough and jerky movement
  • Not over-tillering
  • Keep both hands on wheel

19
Leaving the Station
  • Tiller operator should check
  • trailer wheels for alignment
  • readiness and safety of crew
  • security of ladders
  • Tiller operator should center trailer in doorway

20
Traveling Forward
  • Trailer should be parallel with frame
  • in direct line with tractor
  • Place one hand on top of wheel
  • trailer will move in direction hand moves
  • Turn wheel only enough for clearance
  • Be alert to conditions

21
Turning at Intersections
  • Be aware of vehicles around you
  • Additional maneuvers may be necessary
  • If necessary steer into adjacent lane
  • Judge clearances
  • Do not over-till
  • Bring trailer in line quickly and smoothly

22
Backing
  • Requires opposite maneuvers of those used to
    steer front wheels
  • Place one hand on bottom of wheel
  • trailer moves in direction of hand
  • Communicate with driver essential
  • Station men on the ground
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