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Cultural Anthropology An Applied Perspective, 5e

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Cultural Anthropology An Applied Perspective, 5e Gary Ferraro Chapter One What Is Anthropology? Chapter Outline Physical Anthropology Archaeology Anthropological ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cultural Anthropology An Applied Perspective, 5e


1
Cultural AnthropologyAn Applied Perspective, 5e
  • Gary Ferraro

2
Chapter OneWhat Is Anthropology?
3
Chapter Outline
  • Physical Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Anthropological Linguistics
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Emic Versus Etic Approaches
  • Contributions of Anthropology

4
Branches of Anthropology Physical Anthropology
  • Paleontology
  • Primatology
  • Human variation
  • Forensic Anthropology
  • Applied Physical Anthropology

5
Branches of Anthropology Archaeology
  • Historical archaeology
  • Prehistoric archaeology
  • Contract archaeology
  • Applied archaeology

6
Branches of Anthropology Anthropological
Linguistics
  • Historical linguistics
  • Descriptive linguistics
  • Ethnolinguistics
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Applied linguistics

7
Branches of Anthropology Cultural Anthropology
  • Economic anthropology
  • Psychological anthropology
  • Educational anthropology
  • Medical anthropology
  • Urban anthropology
  • Political anthropology
  • Applied cultural anthropology

8
Physical Anthropology
  • Study of humans from a biological perspective.
  • Areas of investigation
  • Paleoanthropology - emergence of humans and how
    humans have evolved.
  • Human variation - how and why the physical traits
    of human populations vary.

9
Primatology
  • Study of anatomy and social behavior of nonhuman
    primate species gorillas, baboons, and
    chimpanzees.
  • Effort to learn about human evolution by studying
    contemporary nonhuman primates in similar
    environments.
  • Tool-making skills found among chimpanzees in
    Tanzania help explain human strategies for
    adapting to the environment.

10
Archaeology
  • Study the people from the past by excavating and
    analyzing the material culture they leave behind
  • Artifacts can be removed from the site and taken
    to the laboratory for further analysis. Examples
    tools, arrowheads.
  • Features cannot be readily carried away from the
    site. Examples house foundations and fireplaces.
  • Ecofacts are found in the natural environment and
    were used by humans.Examples bones, seeds, and
    wood.

11
Archaeologists
  • Historic archaeologists
  • Reconstruct the cultures of people who used
    writing and about whom historical documents have
    been written.
  • Prehistoric archaeologists
  • Study the human record of cultures that existed
    before the development of writing.

12
Anthropological Linguistics
  • Historical linguistics
  • Study of emergence of language and how specific
    languages have diverged over time.
  • Descriptive linguistics
  • Study of sound systems, grammatical systems, and
    the meanings attached to words in specific
    languages.

13
Anthropological Linguistics
  • Ethnolinguistics
  • Study the relationship between language and
    culture.
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Study the relationship between language and
    social relations.

14
Responding to Unfamiliar Cultures
  • Ethnocentrically
  • Responding from the context of ones own
    cultural perspective.
  • Cultural relativist
  • Responding within the context of the other
    culture.

15
Limits of Cultural Relativism
  1. If every society is unique and can only be
    evaluated in terms of its own standards,
    cross-cultural comparison is virtually
    impossible.
  2. There is no behavior found in the world that
    could be considered immoral if the people who
    practice it consider it acceptable or if it
    functions for the well-being of the society.

16
Value of Anthropology
  • Individual
  • The study of different cultures provides a better
    understanding of ones own culture and develops
    valuable leadership skills.
  • Societal
  • Understanding different cultures can contribute
    to the solution of pressing societal problems.
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