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Noncommunicable Diseases (Lifestyle Diseases)

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Noncommunicable Diseases (Lifestyle Diseases) Cardiovascular Diseases, Cancer, Diabetes Noncommunicable disease A disease that is not transmitted by another person, a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Noncommunicable Diseases (Lifestyle Diseases)


1
Noncommunicable Diseases(Lifestyle Diseases)
  • Cardiovascular Diseases, Cancer, Diabetes

2
Noncommunicable disease
  • A disease that is not transmitted by another
    person, a vector, or the environment
  • A disease caused by how you live your life

3
Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD)
  • A disease that affects the heart or blood vessels
  • Approximately 61 million Americans have a CVD
  • CVDs are responsible for 40 of all deaths in the
    US almost 1 million Americans

4
Types of Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Hypertension, Atherosclerosis, Diseases of the
    Heart

5
Hypertension
  • High blood pressure
  • Can damage heart, blood vessels, and other body
    organs
  • Can occur at any age, but more common for people
    over the age of 35
  • 23 of Americans age 20-74 have hypertension
  • silent killer no symptoms at early stages
  • Get BP checked regularly
  • Management
  • Medication, weight management, adequate physical
    activity, proper nutrition

6
Atherosclerosis
  • The process in which plaques accumulate on artery
    walls
  • Build up of plaque causes arteries to thicken and
    lose their elasticity
  • Clots can form from plaque
  • If blood flow is stopped to the heart heart
    attack
  • If blood flow is blocked to the brain stroke

7
Heart Attack
  • Blood flow is blocked to the coronary arteries
  • Many are sudden and cause intense chest pain
  • Common symptoms
  • Pressure, fullness, squeezing, or aching in the
    chest area
  • Discomfort spreading to the arms, neck, jaw,
    upper abdomen, and back
  • Chest discomfort with shortness of breath,
    lightheadedness, sweating, nausea, and vomiting
  • Other symptoms
  • Immediate response and treatment is needed to
    treat a heart attack

8
Congestive Heart Failure
  • Heart gradually weakens
  • Can result from high blood pressure,
    atherosclerosis, heart valve defect, or other
    factors
  • Strategies for prevention healthy lifestyle and
    sometime medication

9
Stroke
  • Arterial blockage interrupts the flow of blood to
    the brain
  • Severity of stroke depends on which part of the
    brain lost blood

10
Why am I at risk?
  • The decisions you make now will affect your
    health later in life.
  • Symptoms may not show up for years

11
Risk Factors for CVDs
  • Controllable
  • Tobacco Use
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Excessive Weight
  • Stress
  • Drug and Alcohol Use
  • Uncontrollable
  • Heredity
  • Gender
  • Age

12
Diabetes
  • A chronic disease that affects the way body cells
    convert food into energy

13
Symptoms of Diabetes
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Extreme hunger
  • Sudden vision changes
  • Tingling in hands or feet
  • Frequent fatigue
  • Very dry skin
  • Sores that are slow to heal
  • More infections than usual

14
Type 1 Diabetes
  • The body does NOT make insulin glucose builds
    up in the body (high glucose levels)
  • Autoimmune disease a condition in which the
    immune system mistakenly attacks itself,
    targeting the cells, tissues, and organs of a
    persons own body
  • Must take insulin

15
Type 2 Diabetes
  • Noncommunicable Disease
  • Linked with obesity and a diet high in fat,
    calories, and cholesterol
  • Accounts for 90-95 of all diabetes
  • The body is unable to make enough insulin or use
    insulin properly
  • Treatment
  • Weight management, regular physical activity, and
    monitoring their diet

16
Cancer
  • Uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells

17
Cancer Vocabulary
  • Tumor abnormal mass of tissue that has no
    natural role in the body
  • Benign non-cancerous
  • Malignant cancerous
  • Metastasis the spread of cancer from the point
    where it originated to other parts of the body

18
Risk factors for Cancer
  • Tobacco use
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Dietary Factors
  • Radiation

19
Detecting Cancer
  • Self-examinations
  • Biopsy the removal of a small piece of tissue
    for examination

20
Skin Cancer - ABC's
21
CAUTION
  • C Change in bowel habits
  • A A sore that does not heal
  • U Unusual bleeding or discharge
  • T Thickening or a lump
  • I Indigestion or difficulty swallowing
  • O Obvious change in a wart or mole
  • N Nagging cough or horseness

22
Treating Cancer
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Remission a period of time when symptoms
    disappear

23
Alzheimers Disease
  • Destroys brain cells, causing problems with
    memory, thinking and behavior severe enough to
    affect work, lifelong hobbies or social life.
  • Your brain works like a factory
  • take in supplies, generate energy, construct
    equipment and get rid of waste
  • keeping everything running requires coordination
    as well as large amounts of fuel and oxygen
  • In Alzheimers disease, parts of the cells
    factory stop running well
  • But just like a real factory, backups and
    breakdowns in one system cause problems in other
    areas.
  • The most common form of dementia
  • Has no current cure
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