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Caribbean Studies: Impact of Caribbean culture on extra regional politics and economies

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... invented in the 20 th century MUSIC Popularity of reggae music: influence of Bob Marley and Jimmy Cliff Promotion of reggae music through festivals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Caribbean Studies: Impact of Caribbean culture on extra regional politics and economies


1
Caribbean Studies Impact of Caribbean culture on
extra regional politics and economies
  • There are large numbers of Caribbean communities
    in larger cities of developed world

2
International perspectives
  • Some of these cities are New York, Toronto,
    Miami, London, Paris and Amsterdam.
  • Their sizeable presence will impact strongly on
    the local and foreign politics of these host
    countries.
  • The large presence of Cubans living in Florida
    provides powerful lobby to pressure the US
    government to formulate policies to undermine the
    Castro communist government

3
International perspectives
  • Haitian boat people
  • Impact of immigration issue, used as a political
    issue
  • Our people provides both skilled and unskilled
    labour that helps economic development of the
    host countries

4
Impact of Caribbean cultural practices on
countries abroad
  • Large presence of Caribbean nationals provides a
    cultural force
  • Popularity of the Caribbean as a tourist
    destination
  • Many Caribbean people travel abroad causing
    cultural assimilation adaptation by foreigners.

5
Impact of Caribbean cultural practices on
countries abroad
  • Cultural transmission through stage shows,
    migration and the mass media
  • Impact of our national festivals
  • Nottinghill carnival UK
  • Labour Day in Brooklyn
  • Carnival in Miami

6
MUSIC
  • Caribana in Toronto
  • Impact and adoption of Caribbean music
  • Calypso music
  • Pannists or steelband men steel pan is the only
    musical instrument invented in the 20 th century

7
MUSIC
  • Popularity of reggae music influence of Bob
    Marley and Jimmy Cliff
  • Promotion of reggae music through festivals
    local and foreign
  • Many north American and Japanese kids have
    adopted aspects of Caribbean culture such as corn
    row hair styles, braiding and use of Creole
  • Reggae music being incorporated into the music of
    other countries

8
MUSIC
  • Japanese Sayoko has made a reworking of the
    Japaese pop classic Ue O Muite Aruko ( Sukiyaki)
    as an extended CD single that includes both
    Japanse and English versions set to a reggae beat
  • Good vibrations wrote a protest song Election
    Time to protest the political victory of
    President Chamorro who opposed the revoluary
    Sandinistas

9
MUSIC
  • In Zambia, Rastafarians and reggae artists and
    fans shaped their own Sunsplash (Reggae
    festivals) outside Lusaka every year since 1990
  • In United States Reggae Grammy winner and icon
    Shaggys Boombastic, is being used by Madison
    Avenue to market its products, selling jeans for
    Levi Strauss

10
MUSIC
  • Reggae is generally being incorporated into other
    musical forms. One punk rock group in the USA,
    now produces crossover reggae they call Jah rock
  • Reggaes popularity has so increased as part of
    the American culture that University of Vermont
    advertised a course in the Rhetoric of reggae on
    the Internet. This course became the most popular

11
Caribbean culinary practices
  • Caribbean is known for its culinary delights
  • Generally limited influence apart from large
    concentrations of Caribbean nationals or those
    who visit the Caribbean

12
Religion Rastafarianism
  • Evolved as an indigenous cult
  • Conceptulized during the Great Revival of the
    late 1860s
  • Cult perfected in the 1930s
  • Leaders such as Marcus Garvey and Alexander
    Bedward of August Town stimulated this movement
    with their belief in racial diginity

13
Rastafarianism
  • In 1930, Ethiopian Prince, Ras Tafari Makkonen
    was crowned as the Emperor.
  • He took onto himself the title Haile Selassie
    Power of the Trinity
  • Individuals such as Leonard Howell, Joseph
    Hibbert and Archibald Dunkley, independently
    developed the doctrine of the Rastafarian movement

14
Rastafarianism
  • The Rastafarians are a group that maintains
    social solidarity and also rejected the
    traditional norms and values of society

15
Rastafarianism beliefs
  • Rastafari, the late Haile Selassie I is God in
    the form of man
  • They worship jah as their spiritual leader
  • Africa is their spiritual home
  • The Old Testament and Psalms are their sacred
    books the written word of God

16
Rastafarianism cultural practices
  • Non use of materialism
  • Retreat from Babylon and forward to the hills of
    Zion
  • They wear their hair as dreadlocks
  • Smoke the holy weed
  • Dress code includes wearing of knitted tams and
    sandals and the carrying of Mosess rod

17
Rastafarianism
  • Their colours include red, green gold and black
    are symbolic to their religion
  • They eat only natural food (itals) and never eat
    meat ( deaders)
  • Rastafarians form tribes and live in communes,
    each tribe has a leader or chief who possesses
    power over all the other members

18
Rastafarianism
  • Girls are regarded as inferior to men and exist
    only for their pleasure
  • Often women are seen walking behind their men,
    never in front or beside them

19
Rastafarianism impact
  • Music
  • Social justice
  • Cutural impact conflicts
  • Bob Marley
  • Exodus Album of the century

20
  • Is Caribbean culture more popular abroad than
    within the Caribbean?

21
Issues in Caribbean development
  • Sustainable development
  • Economic development
  • Social development
  • Economic growth without development

22
Indicators of development
  • Levels of income GDP/GNP per capita
  • Productivity
  • Social and economic equalization
  • Modern knowledge (technology)
  • Improved institutions and attitudes
  • Environmental factors

23
Factors that promote or hinder development
  • Political ideologies( Capitalism, communism,
    socialism, marxism) popular movements ( New
    Jewel Movement in Grenada).
  • Distribution of wealth resources income
    generation
  • Changing class boundaries, social stratification,
    social justice, social harmony and mutual
    advantage

24
Factors that hinders or promote development
  • Definition of Caribbean Experience and identity
  • Natural and man-made disasters
  • Impact of productive sector
  • Tourism contribution and challenges

25
Globalisation and development
  • Definition and stages
  • WTO
  • IMF
  • WORLD BANK
  • MNCs
  • TECHNOLOGY
  • TRADE
  • IDEOLOGIES

26
Impact and response to globalisation
  • Industry and commerce
  • Distributional sector (Supermarkets, department
    stores).
  • Labour( unemployment, need for continuous
    upgrading of skills, knowledge-based world
  • Technology( information, communication,
    telecommunications)

27
The integration movement
  • The evolution of Federation,CARIFTA,CARICOM,OECS,
    ACS
  • Caribbean Community(CARICOM)
  • University of the West Indies
  • CXC
  • WICB
  • CTO
  • CSME
  • Regional Security System

28
Contributions of sport
  • Generation of income
  • Health and fitness
  • Educational opportunities
  • Sense of Caribbean identity
  • Discipline and morale
  • Presence on the world scene
  • Sports tourism

29
Intellectual traditions
  • Pan Africanism
  • Negritude
  • Industrialisation by invitation
  • Maxism and Neo-Marxism
  • Caribbean perspectives on British Capitalism
  • Trends in Caribbean feminist thought
  • Indigenous perspectives

30
Roles and functions of the mass media
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